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Samuel Rood (abt. 1666 - 1742)

Samuel Rood
Born about in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut Colonymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died at about age 75 in Norwich, New London County, Connecticut Colonymap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 28 Aug 2009 | Last significant change: 14 Sep 2022
05:03: Gregg Smith (PhD) added Samuel Rood (abt.1666-1742) as father of Mercy Rood (abt.1703-abt.1755). [Thank Gregg for this]
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Samuel was born in June, 1666 in Norwich, Connecticut Colony. His father was the infamous Thomas Rood.[1] His nother was Sarah Leffingwell White.

Samuel married Mary Mariner on May 29, 1690 in Norwich, New London, Connecticut. [2] She was the daughter of James W Marriner.

Their children, born in Norwich, were as follows:

  • Samuel Rood born March 20, 1691.
  • Elizabeth Rood was born December 31, 1692 and died in the same year.
  • Jabez Rood was born February 7, 1693/4.
  • Job Rood was born in April, 1696.
  • Elizabeth Rood was born in September, 1700.
  • Mary Rood was born in May, 1703.
  • Abigaell Rood was born March 30, 1705/06. CT338.
  • Marcy Rood was born in May 179 (sic).
  • Marriner Rood was born August 12, 1712.[3]

Samuel's wife Mary died December 30, 1715.[4]

Samuel is purported to have died circa 1742 in Norwich, although no record substantiating this has been found.


  1. Norwich CT: Vital Records of Norwich, 1659-1848. (Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015. Accessed online January 16, 2017) Originally published as: Vital Records of Norwich, 1659-1848. Hartford, Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Connecticut, 1913. Volume: Norwich - V1, page 34.
  2. Torrey’s New England Marriages Prior to 1700. (Online database. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.) Originally published as: New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015. Volume 2, page 1298.
  3. Vital Records of Norwich, Volume: Norwich - V1, pages 39-40.
  4. Ibid. page 40.

Research Notes

  • Samuel is also spelled Samuell in some records. Both were common variants at the time period.
  • Samuel's father, Thomas Rood, is the first colonist to be executed (by hanging) for committing incest with Samuel's older sister, Sarah, which union produced a child, George Rood.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Samuel by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Samuel:

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Rood-241 and Rood-4 appear to represent the same person because: Same father, same birth and death place, same siblings, same wife.
posted by Jim Parish

R  >  Rood  >  Samuel Rood