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Suzanne Roussi (1915 - 1966)

Suzanne Roussi
Born in Poterie, Martiniquemap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 10 Jul 1937 in Paris, Francemap
[children unknown]
Died in Fort-de-France, Martinique, Francemap
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Profile last modified | Created 13 Oct 2018
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Suzanne Roussi is notable.
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"Suzanne Roussi Césaire was a writer, teacher, scholar, anti-colonial and feminist activist, and Surrealist.

"Suzanne Césaire (née Roussi) was born on 11 August 1915 in Poterie, Martinique, to Flore Roussi (née William), a school teacher, and Benoït Roussi, a sugar factory worker.

"She began her education at her local primary school in Rivière-Salée in Martinique (which still had the status of a French colonial territory at that time), before attending a girls’ boarding school in the capital, Fort-de-France. Having completed her secondary education, she went to study literature in Toulouse, France, and then in Paris at the prestigious École normale supérieure from 1936-1938.

"During her first year as a student in Paris, Suzanne (then still named Roussi) met Léopold Sédar Senghor, who introduced her to Aimé Césaire, a fellow student at the École normale supérieure. The following year, on 10 July 1937, the couple married at the town hall of the 14th arrondissement in Paris.[3] During their studies, the Césaires were both part of the editorial team of the militant journal, L'Étudiant noir. In 1938 the couple had their first child. The following year they returned to Martinique where they both took up teaching jobs at the Lycée Schoelcher.[4] They went on to have 6 children together, divorcing in April 1963 after 25 years of marriage." —Wikipedia[1]

She was a co-founder of the journal Tropiques along with Aimé Césaire and René Ménil, both notable Martinican poets.

She died on May 16 1966.


  1. Read the full bio on Wikipedia.

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Categories: Fort-de-France, Martinique | French Authors | Notables | French Notables