Categories: Home Education | Cranbrook School, Rose Bay, New South Wales | Governors of New South Wales | Australian Notables | Royal Australian Air Force, World War II | Royal Australian Air Force Marshals | Companions of the Order of Australia | Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire | Distinguished Flying Cross | Air Force Cross | Notables | Prisoners of War, Australia, World War II.
Sir Roden Cutler VC, KCMG, KCVO, CBE
|33rd Governor of New South Wales
20 Jan 1981 to 19 Jan 1989
Sir David Martin
Air Marshal Sir James (Jim) Rowland AC KBE DFC AFC was a senior commander in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), serving as Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) from 1975 to 1979. He later held office as Governor of New South Wales from 1981 to 1989, and was Chancellor of the University of Sydney from 1990 to 1991.
James Anthony Rowland was born on 1st November 1922 at Armidale, New South Wales, Australia. He was the son of Louis Rowland, a commander in the Royal Australian Navy, and his wife Elsie. Growing up with his three brothers on the family's 1,200 ha (3,000-acre) rural property, he was schooled via correspondence before completing his secondary education at Cranbrook, Sydney.He cut short his aeronautical engineering studies at the University of Sydney to join the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) in 1942. He was posted to Britain and served as a bomber pilot with the Pathfinders in the air war over Europe, earning the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1944. The following year he was forced to bail out over Germany following a collision with another Allied aircraft, and spent the rest of the war as a prisoner.
After repatriation and demobilisation, Rowland gained his engineering degree and rejoined the RAAF. He became a test pilot, serving with and later commanding the Aircraft Research and Development Unit in the 1950s, and also a senior engineering officer, being closely involved in preparations for delivery to Australia of the Dassault Mirage III supersonic fighter in the 1960s. In 1972 he was promoted to Air Vice Marshal and became Air Member for Technical Services, holding this post until his elevation to Air Marshal and appointment as CAS in March 1975. He was the first engineering officer to lead the RAAF, and the first man to personally command it in a legal sense, following abolition of the Australian Air Board in 1976. Knighted in 1977, Rowland retired from the Air Force in 1979 and became Governor of New South Wales in January 1981. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1987. Retiring from the Governorship in 1989, he held a place on several boards as well as the Chancellorship of the University of Sydney.
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