Johan Ludvig Runeberg

Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804 - 1877)

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Johan Ludvig Runeberg
Born in Jakobstad, Finlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Helsinki, Finlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Porvoo, Finlandmap
Profile manager: Juha Soini private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 30 Jan 2019
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Johan Ludvig Runeberg is Notable.
Johan Ludvig was born in 1804. [1] [2] His parents are Lorenz Ulrik Runeberg and Anna Maria Malm. [3]

Part of his early education was paid by his childless uncle Customs Inspector Anton Ludvig Runeberg. [4] Johan Ludvig moved to Oulu where his uncle lived 1812 but his stay there was cut short by the death of his uncle 1814. [5] His foster parents introduced young Johan Ludvig to the higher society during his stay. [6]

Runeberg moved to Turku for further education. He made some friends that later rose to prominent positions in the Finnish society. His economic situation during his university studies forced him to start tutoring. his employers were professor Anders Johan Lagus in Turku, Erik Gustaf af Enehjelm and Daniel Philip Danielson in Saarijärvi where he also met interesting people such as some veterans of the 1808 war between Sweden and Russia. The people he met here are said to have inspired his greatest works. After his return to Turku he was tutoring the grand children of his father's cousin Archbishop Jacob Tengström who also was uncle of Fredrika Tengström who later became Runeberg's wife. The great fire of Turku that destroyed almost the whole city changed Runeberg's plans as he had just started a new job as a teacher. He returned to Archbishop Tengström's house where a big crowd of homeless relatives had relocated from the destroyed city. [7]

The emperor's decision to move the Imperial Academy of Turku to Helsinki had many academics moving there as well. Runeberg accompanied Fredrika and her mother to Helsinki where he married Fredrika Charlotta Tengström 1830. [8] [9] [10] [11] Together they had eight children. Two of the children died young. [12] The family moved to Porvoo 1837 [13]

Johan Ludvig Runeberg is Finlands national poet and his greatest work is the epic poem The Tales of Ensign Stål. The first chapter of the poem also became the national anthem of Finland.

Flag of Finland.
Runeberg's torte.
His birthday February 5. has been a national flag day in Finland since Runbergs 50th birthday. It is also customary to eat Runeberg cakes during the day.

He passed away in 1877 [14] As a very popular man he had a massive crowd paying him respect at the funeral with three railroad cars full of people from Helsinki alone, including the entire parliament. His crypt is dug into the bedrock and the money for the grave monument was raised in a public money collection.

Johan Ludvig Runeberg's grave memorial.


  1. Jakobstad birth records 1800-1846
  2. Jakobstad childrens book 1803- p 171
  3. Jakobstad communion book 1821-1827 p 152
  4. Oulu communion book 1811-1824 p 142
  5. Oulu death records 1792-1855 p 76
  6. - Merikapteenin poika - Triviaalikoulua ja tapakasvatusta
  7. - Opiskeluvuodet
  8. Helsinki migration records 1830 certificate of non-impediment
  9. Helsinki marriage records 1827-1849
  10. Helsinki communion book 1818-1835 p 174
  11. - Helsinki ja Porvoo
  12. - Lapset
  13. Helsinki migration records 1837-1838 # 367
  14. Porvoo death records 1846-1888

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Images: 3
Johan Ludwig Runeberg
Johan Ludwig Runeberg

Johan Ludvig Runeberg's grave memorial
Johan Ludvig Runeberg's grave memorial

Runeberg's torte
Runeberg's torte


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Johan Ludvig is 24 degrees from Alexis Nelson, 29 degrees from Gregory Peck and 19 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Pietarsaari (Jakobstad) | Porvoo (Borgå) | Notables