August Rusch
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August Hartmann Rusch (abt. 1688 - bef. 1798)

August Hartmann Rusch
Born about in Wulkenzin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germanymap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married before 1744 in Pommern, Germanymap
Husband of — married before 1775 in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Descendants descendants
Died before in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Jul 2016 | Last significant change: 13 Jan 2021
00:36: Julie (Miller) Mangano edited the Biography for August Hartmann Rusch (abt.1688-bef.1798). (Update broken link) [Thank Julie for this]
This page has been accessed 226 times.



Volga German
August Rusch is a Volga German.
August Rusch has German Roots.

Family #24 in the 1767 Grimm census.

Family #107 in the 1775 Grimm census.

Birth Date and Place

  • 1688
  • Wulkenzin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany



  • Katharina Engel
  • by 1748
  • probably Pommern, Germany
  • Christina Unknown
  • before 1775
  • Grimm, Saratov, Russia


  • Ernst Christian Rusch
  • August Georg Rusch
  • Christina Rusch

Death Date and Place

  • before 1798
  • Grimm, Saratov, Russia

August Hartmann Rusch was born about 1688 in the Pommern area of what is now Germany. Samuel Rusch, who appears with him in the Grimm 1767 and 1775 censuses was probably his brother. His middle name is listed as Hartmann in the 1767 census, and Ertmann [sic] in the 1775 census. Although his middle name was probably Hartmann, in Grimm that name was spelled phonetically as Ertmann and later Erdmann.

In the birth record for his son Ernest Christian, he is shown as being from Wulkenzin. [1]

According to Wikipedia:

"Wulkenzin is a municipality in the district Mecklenburgische Seenplatte, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany." [2]

This matches what he and his brother told Russian census takers, that they were from the general area of Pommern.

August and his family do not appear in the Kulberg List of German immigrants to Russia, [3] nor do they appear in the Transportation List that documents the travelers from Saint Petersburg to the Volga region of Russia. [4] Nonetheless, the family shows up in the 1767 Grimm census as some of the first settlers of Grimm.

1767 Grimm Census [5]

Family # 22
Head of the Household August Hartmann/Erdmann Rusch, age 70, Lutheran farmer from Pommern
Spouse Katharina Engel, age 40
Child #1 Ernst Christian, age 26 [sic]
Child #2 August Hartmann, age 12 years 6 months
Child #3 Christina, age 8

According to the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, The Rusch family from Grimm was from Pommern and Schlitz, Germany. [6] I have been unable to find any birth or marriage records for him in Pommern, Schlitz, and all of Germany through the Family database.

August and Katharina's marriage was perhaps a second marriage for August. There was a 30-year age difference between August and Katharina. His marriage to Christina would have been his second or third marriage. There was an 19-year age difference between the two wives. Christina was probably not the mother of any of his children, as the youngest she would have been when they married was 60.

August could have very easily had grown children who did not immigrate with him to Russia, as he was about 70 years old when he arrived in Grimm. His age is off between the two censuses.

  • 70 in 1767; should have been 78 in 1775
  • 87 in 1775; would have been 79 in 1767

Most likely there was a typo or transcription error in one of the censuses

1775 Grimm Census [7]

Family # 22
Head of the Household August Ertman [?] Rusch, age 87
Spouse Christina Engel, age 68
Child #1 Ernst Christian, age 26
Child #2 August Georg, age 20

Note that his daughter Christina does not appear in this census. In 1775, she would have been around 17. She was most likely married and living in another household.

Also note that both of his wives, Katharina and Christina, had the same surname, Engel. They are not the same person, however, because Katharina was 30 years younger than her husband, and Christina was only 11 years younger. It's possible they were sisters or cousins, but just as likely they were unrelated.

August Rusch does not appear in the 1798 census, and he had most likely passed away by that year. Had he survived, he would have been 110 years old (or 100), which is very improbable. He probably died close to 1775 than to 1798.


  1. Evangelische Kirche Alt Rehse, AG. Penzlin. Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1500-1971 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2016. See:
  2., online encyclopedia, Wulkenzin, Germany, see:
  3. Pleve, Igor. List of Colonists to Russia in 1766, "Reports by Ivan Kulberg," Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Saratov State Technical University; Published in Saratov, Russia 2010.
  4. Transport of the Volga Germans from Oranienbaum to the Colonies on the Volga 1766-1767. Translated and edited by Brent Alan Mai; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1998.
  5. Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Herausgegeben von Alfred Eisfeld under Mitarbeit von Sabine Eichwald, Published by the Nordost-Instsitut - 38085 Göttingen, 2005; page 76, family #24. August Hartmann Rusch, 70, Lutheran farmer from Pommern, wife: Katharina Engel, 40; son: Ernst Christian, 26 [probably son from first wife]; son: August Hartmann, 12 years 6 month; daughter: Christina, 8.
  6. The American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, online database at, Resources, German Origins, the surname Rusch,
  7. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, USA; Published 1995; family #107 in the 1775 census, August Ertman [?] Rusch, age 87; wife Christina Engel, age 68; Ernst Christian, age 26; and August Georg, age 20.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with August by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with August:

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots