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Ernst Christian Rusch (1750 - bef. 1816)

Ernst Christian (Christian) Rusch
Born in Wulkenzin, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germanymap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 10 Jul 2016
This page has been accessed 612 times.


Volga German
Christian Rusch is a Volga German.
Christian Rusch has German Roots.

Family #24 in the 1767 Grimm census.
Family #107 in the 1775 Grimm census.
Family #93 in the 1798 Grimm census.
Family #139 in the 1834 Grimm census.

Ernst Christian Rusch was born in Wulkenzin, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.

Baptism Record [1]

Name: August Erdman Rusch
Gender: männlich (Male)
Child: Ernst Christian Rusch
Parish as it Appears: Kirchen
City or District: Wulkenzin
Page Number: 4;5
Author: Evangelische Kirche Alt Rehse (AG. Penzlin)
Film Number: 68960

This German birth record is difficult to read. That said, the birth date is clear: 19 August 1750. The name Margaretha Elisabeth appears at the end of the entry, but she was not likely his mother. Typically the godparents were listed at the end of a birth or christening record. There are three semi-readable names at the end of the entry:

  • Fried. Wilhelm Lü___tor (sp?) from Zirzow, a town located in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany
  • Christian Prohn (sp?) from Brandenburg
  • Margaret Elisabeth, no city listed after her name, so maybe from Wuklenzin, same as the child and birth parents

See the copy of that document is attached to this profile. So while his father's name and his child's godparents' may be specifically mentioned, his mother's name is not identifiable in this record.

Ernst Christian and his family immigrated to Russia in 1766, but none of their names appear in the Kulberg List of German immigrants to Russia. [2] Their names also do not appear in the Transportation List that documents the travelers from Saint Petersburg to the Volga region of Russia. [3] Nonetheless, the family is recorded as being some of the first settlers of the Colony of Grimm. This record misstates his age.

1767 Grimm Census [4]

Family # 22
Head of the Household August Hartmann/Erdmann Rusch, age 70, Lutheran farmer from Pommern
Spouse Katharina Engel, age 40
Child #1 Ernst Christian, age 26 [sic]
Child #2 August Hartmann, age 12 years 6 months
Child #3 Christina, age 8

His age in this record is wrong. If he was born in 1750, he would have been 16 years old in 1766. This appears to be a simple typographical error. It also means that Katharina Engel is most likely his mother, since she would have been about 24 at the time of his birth.

His father, August, was about 62 years old at the time of his birth. It is almost a certainty that he was married previously and that Ernst Christian had older half siblings who did not immigrate to Russia with their father and his younger children.

In 1775, the census shows Christina Engel as the wife of August Rusch. She was most likely Ernst Christian's step-mother. Since divorce was rare in these Volga German villages, his father's remarriage appears to indicate that his wife Katharina Engel, Ernst Christian's mother, had passed away.

1775 Grimm Census [5]

This census has roughly the correct age for Ernst Christian. Note, however, that his father's spouse has a different name and birth year. This means that his mother passed away some time before 1775, and his father remarried a woman named Christina.

Family # 22
Head of the Household August Ertman [?] Rusch, age 87
Spouse Christina Engel, age 68
Child #1 Ernst Christian, age 26
Child #2 August Georg, age 20

Ernst Christian married Anna Maria Müller by the end of 1775, after the census was taken, and their first child was born the following year. The couple went on to have five children.

1798 Grimm Census [6]

Family # 93
Head of the Household Ernst Rusch, age 50
Spouse Anna Maria Müller, age 39
Child #1 Johann Peter, age 22
Wife of Child #1 Christina Schmidt, age 22
Child of Child #1 Elizabeta, age 6 months
Child #2 Johann Friedrich, age 20
Wife of Child #2 Elizabeta Erdman, age 19
Child of Child #2 Johann Peter, age 3 months
Child #3 Louisa, age 14
Child #4 Christina, age 11

Ernst Christian is not specifically mentioned in the 1834 census, but his wife and children are. When a male resident of Grimm died, his death was recorded in the next census following his death. Because Ernst Christian's name is not mentioned in the 1834 census, it must have been noted in the previous male-only census taken in 1816. This narrows down the time frame for his death, after 1798 but before 1816.


  1. Evangelische Kirche Alt Rehse, AG. Penzlin. Germany, Lutheran Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials, 1500-1971 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2016. Ernst Christian Rusch, 19 August 1750. See:
  2. Pleve, Igor. List of Colonists to Russia in 1766, "Reports by Ivan Kulberg," Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation, Saratov State Technical University; Published in Saratov, Russia 2010.
  3. Transport of the Volga Germans from Oranienbaum to the Colonies on the Volga 1766-1767. Translated and edited by Brent Alan Mai; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1998.
  4. Pleve, Igor. Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, Herausgegeben von Alfred Eisfeld under Mitarbeit von Sabine Eichwald, Published by the Nordost-Instsitut - 38085 Göttingen, 2005; page 76, family #224. August Hartmann Rusch, 70, Lutheran farmer from Pommern, wife: Katharina Engel, 40; son: Ernst Christian, 26 [probably son from first wife]; son: August Hartmann, 12 years 6 month; daughter: Christina, 8.
  5. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, USA; Published 1995; family #107 in the 1775 census, August Ertman [?] Rusch, age 87; wife Christina Engel, age 68; Ernst Christian, age 26; and August Georg, age 20.
  6. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, NE, USA; Published 1995\; family #107 in the 1775 census, Ernst Christian Rusch, age 26; family #93 in the 1798 census, Ernst Rusch, age 50; Anna Maria Müller, age 39; Johann Peter, age 22; Christina Schmidt, age 22; Elizaeta, age 6 months; Johann Friedrich, age 20; Elizabeta Erdman, age 19; Johann Peter, age 3 months; Louisa, age 14; and Christina, age 11.

See also:

  • 1834 Census of Grimm in the District of Saratov, Russia, dated 2 February 1835, page 43; Translated by Brent Mai, Concordia University, Portland, Oregon; Published by Dynasty Publishing, Beaverton, OR, USA; Published 2011; page 43, family #139.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots