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Benjamin Rush Jr. (1718 - 1801)

Benjamin Rush Jr.
Born in Westmoreland County, Colony of Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 1 Apr 1744 in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Colony of Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died in Cape Fear River, Franklin County, North Carolinamap
Profile last modified | Created 28 Oct 2011 | Last significant change: 21 Nov 2020
20:24: Virginia (Butter) Fields edited the Biography for Benjamin Rush Jr. (1718-1801). [Thank Virginia for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 2,686 times.



1776 Project
Benjamin Rush Jr. performed Patriotic Service in the American Revolution.
Betsy Ross Flag
Benjamin Rush is an American Patriot
(see sources below)

Benjamin Rush was born February 3, 1717 (Old Style; New Style: February 17, 1718)[1]

Benjamin Rush married Alice Grigsby on 1 April 1744 (recorded in the Overwharton Parish Register, Stafford Co., Virginia)[2]

previous birth information was "1715 in Westmoreland County, Virginia." Location needs verification. By 1722, Benjamin Rush Sr. was living with his wife Amy on James Elkins' land in Brunswick Parish, King George County, Virginia. James (Amy's first husband) died March 1716/17.[3]

This Benjamin Rush (Jr.) was the father of Anne Rush and guardian of Robert Peyton, Captain Valentine Peyton's son.[4] Benjamin's wife was Alice[5] - believed by descendants to be Alice Grigsby. In January 1784, he made a deed of gift to his "daughter, Ann Peyton, of same [Franklin County, North Carolina]." William Rush was a witness. Robert and Ann (Rush) Peyton may have moved to North Carolina as early as 1765 or 66. In 1765, they sold or transferred a lot of Virginia land left to Robert by his father; a 1767 deed, concerning land left to him and his brothers, did not include his signature.[6]

Will Abstract for Benjamin Rush

April 28, 1801, Chatham County, North Carolina Wills and Inventories

  • wife, Elizabeth Rush
  • son, William Rush
  • daughter, Ann Peyton
  • daughter, Elizabeth Terrell
  • daughter, Alice Devaney
  • Amy Stringfellow
  • son, Benjamin Rush
  • three daughters, Ruth, Judie and Elizabeth

In an old Bible record, according to his son, William Rush: "Benjamin Rush Junior, my father, died upon Cape Fear River on the 23rd of May 1801, age 86."[7][8]

One WikiTree profile (Rush-557) had that Benjamin died in Franklin County, North Carolina.

DAR records for Benjamin Rush[9] confirm 1715 birth in Virginia and death:


Also included in the records are 2 wives, first Alice Grigsby and second Elizabeth x, as well as a daughter Mary (1763-1800), m Benjamin Williams in 1783.[10]


  • 1715 birth in Westmoreland County, Virginia
    • Prince William County (sometimes given as birth location), was not formed until 1730/31 (from King George and Stafford counties); Westmoreland County was formed from Northumberland County in 1653 and Stafford County was formed from Westmoreland County in 1664[11]
  • 1744 marriage to Alice Grigsby in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, Virginia
    • Overwharton Parish, formed about 1702, served Stafford County from 1702 to after 1785. In 1776, the boundary between King George and Stafford Counties was altered, Overwharton began serving both counties.[12]
    • Overwharton Parish and Prince William County: When Prince William County was formed from Stafford County in 1731, all of Hamilton Parish went to Prince William County. Hamilton Parish was formed in 1730 and served Stafford County from 1730 until the formation of Prince William County, which it served until 1769. When Fauquier County was formed from Prince William County in 1759, Hamilton Parish served both counties. In 1769, Hamilton Parish was divided and all of the parish in Prince William County and part of the parish in Fauquier County was used to form Leeds Parish.[12]
    • Stafford County was formed from Westmoreland County in 1664.[11]
  • 1801 death in Chatham County, North Carolina
    • Chatham County was formed from Orange County in 1771[13]

Research Notes

I just noticed that Benjamin has profiles attached for more children than are accounted for in his biography. This section is to help sort that out.

Benjamin's known children:
  • William (mentioned in biography & will), married Abigail Terrill[9]
  • Ann Peyton (mentioned in biography & will)
  • Elizabeth Terrell (in will), married Joel Terrell[9]
  • Alice Devaney (in will), married Thomas Jenkins Devaney[9]
  • Amy Stringfellow (in will), married Enoch Stringfellow[9]
  • Benjamin Rush (in will)
  • Ruth (in will)
  • Judie (in will)
  • Elizabeth (also in will)
  • Mary, married Benjamin Williams[9]
Profiles for children attached - dates are from their profiles:
Daughters of the American Revolution
Benjamin Rush Jr. is a DAR Patriot Ancestor, A100013.


  1. Rush Family Bible, as described in the Genealogy post, Feb. 12, 1999, by David Asprey:
    The Rush Family says: "The children were named in a now lost bible, but recorded by Ayers and Kelly. Dates were in Old Style and both are given. Children Per Bible: Benjamin Rush, Jr. 3 February 1717 [OS] [Actual 14 Feb 1718]..." I have not checked to see if the Actual date is a correct adjustment of the Old Style.
    I think that the Bible might be son William's, and the children named in it his (not Benjamin's). Either way, they are not named in GenForum discussion. ~ Noland-165, 20 Jan. 2020.
  2. page 148, Virginia. Overwharton parish register, 1720 to 1760.
  3. See Chronology of Benjamin Rush, by Dr. Milam: 1732 sale of land by James & Amy's son Joseph Elkins. Bond for James Elkins estate was recorded 3 April 1717, Richmond County Deed and Wills Book (he died intestate; his widow was made administratrix; bond was signed by Amee Elkins, George Allsup, Benjamin Rush)
  4. Anne was born in 1746; Benjamin became guardian of Robert in November 1762.
  5. "Benjamin Rush of Parish of Dettingen in the County of Prince William Planter & Alice his Wife" (Deed Abstract, December 1762).
  6. Entered by Liz Shifflett, June 16, 2012
  7. biography based on information from Milams in Virginia, including this statement and will abstract (see Rush Chronology)
  8. See also information from family Bibles relayed to the compiler of Genealogy of the Rush Family, beginning on page 19 (accessed 21 January 2020).
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, ( : accessed May 4, 2015), "Record of Benjamin Rush (born 1715)", Ancestor # A100013.
  10. DAR record, descendant of Mary Rush (daughter of Benjamin and Alice).
  11. 11.0 11.1 History of County Formations in Virginia 1617-1995)
  12. 12.0 12.1 Parishes of Virginia
  13. North Carolina County Development
  • Milams in Virginia (website by William F. Milam, M.D. of Richmond, Virginia):
  • Daughters of the American Revolution, DAR Genealogical Research Databases, database online, ( : accessed May 4, 2015), "Record of Benjamin Rush (born 1715)", Ancestor # A100013. Patriotic Service:
    Service Source: NC REV ARMY ACCTS, VOL #XI, P 52, FOLIO 1, ROLL # S.115.57.5; BUTE CO COMMITTEE OF SAFETY MINS, 1775-1776, P 57
    • DAR record, descendant of Mary Rush (daughter of Benjamin and Alice).
  • Sons of the American Revolution (SAR database search July 6, 2015): Benjamin Rush, Ancestor #P-282997
    • born 1715
    • died 1801
Citation: SAR Patriot Index Edition III (CD: PP2210, Progeny Publ., 2002) plus data to 2004

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Benjamin by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage (beta) of DNA with Benjamin:

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Comments: 6

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"North Carolina Estate Files, 1663-1979," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 12 March 2018), Benjamin Rush, 1802; citing Chatham, North Carolina, United States, State Archives, Raleigh; FHL microfilm 1,064,961.
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
update: merge completed

Rush-1985 and Rush-505 appear to represent the same person because: same person... please retain birth date that has 1718 (which is explained on Rush-505).

posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett
I'm at a loss to explain how Benjamin Rush had a second wife named Elizabeth according to his 1801 will. Alice is his wife as late as 1766 (deed transfers). If that Alice is Alice Grigsby, as many descendants believe (this one included), then she would have died before 1801, not 1815 (DAR records show both Alice Grigsby & Elizabeth X).
posted by Liz (Noland) Shifflett