According to the 1880 US Federal Census, both Jane's parents were born in England. That Census also shows them in Cambridge, Massachusetts, so at some point they came down from Canada.
A coincidence that could mislead some genealogists: the 1891 English census has a Jane Howes, born about 1853, living in Norfolk with a son named John. This is not our Jane Russell.
Possible lead on Jane's father:
The 1871 Canada Census  has a Jane Russel born about 1854 in St Johns, New Brunswick. At the time of the census, she was living in Albert Ward, St Johns. The census has a William Russel, 53 yrs old and born in England and also lists Elizabeth Russel, 14, and George H Russel, 10, both born in New Brunswick. This could be Jane with her father and siblings. Of note, William is the middle name of her youngest son as well as the first name of his oldest son.
↑ "Canada Census, 1871," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M4MC-VX4 : 1 April 2016), Jane Russel in household of Elizabeth Russel, Albert Ward, St John, New Brunswick, Canada; citing p. 51, line 11; Library and Archives Canada film number C-10374, Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario; FHL microfilm 2,229,100.
"United States Census, 1880," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MHXS-V3P : accessed 1 September 2015), Jane Homes in household of John Homes, Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States; citing enumeration district 444, sheet 278C, NARA microfilm publication T9 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), roll 0544; FHL microfilm 1,254,544.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jane by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line.
It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Jane: