Ferdinand Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha I

Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha I (1861 - 1948)

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Tsar Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha I
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Categories: House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha | European Royals and Aristocrats 1500-Present | Political History of Austria-Hungary | Bulgarian Army, World War I | Bulgaria | Royalty | Knights of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta | Knights of the Golden Fleece | Military Merit Cross, Austria | Knights of the Military Order of Maria Theresa | Knights of the Order of Leopold, Austria | Notables.

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Ferdinand was born in 1861. He was the son of August Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha and Clémentine Orleans. He passed away in 1948. [1]Ferdinand I (Bulgarian: Фердинанд I; 26 February 1861 – 10 September 1948),[1] born Ferdinand Maximilian Karl Leopold Maria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, was the second monarch of the Third Bulgarian State, firstly as knyaz (ruling prince) from 1887 to 1908, and later as tsar (king) from 1908 until his abdication in 1918. He was also an author, botanist, entomologist and philatelist.

Ferdinand was born on 26 February 1861 in Vienna, a German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry. He was baptised in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna on 27 February, having as godparents Archduke Maximilian of Austria and his wife Princess Charlotte of Belgium. He grew up in the cosmopolitan environment of Austro-Hungarian high nobility and also in their ancestral lands in Hungary and in Germany. The House of Koháry descended from an immensely wealthy Upper Hungarian noble family, who held the princely lands of Čabraď and Sitno in present-day Slovakia, among others. The family's property was augmented by Clémentine of Orléans' remarkable dowry.

The son of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and his wife Clémentine of Orléans, daughter of King Louis Philippe I of the French, Ferdinand was a grandnephew of Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and of Leopold I, first king of the Belgians. His father August was a brother of King Ferdinand II of Portugal, and also a first cousin to Queen Victoria, her husband Albert, Empress Carlota of Mexico and her brother Leopold II of Belgium. These last two, Leopold and Carlota, were also first cousins of Ferdinand I's through his mother, a princess of Orléans. This made the Belgian siblings his first cousins, as well as his first cousins once removed. Indeed, the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha had contrived to occupy, either by marriage or by direct election, several European thrones in the course of the 19th century. Following the family trend, Ferdinand was himself to found the royal dynasty of Bulgaria


  1. Stéphane Groueff, ‘’Crown of Thorns: The Reign of King Boris III of Bulgaria, 1918-1943’’, Madison Books, 1998.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ferdinand by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line:

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Images: 2
König Ferdinand in Guarde Uniform gekleidet, vermutlich während des Ersten Balkankrieg
König Ferdinand in Guarde Uniform gekleidet, vermutlich während des Ersten Balkankrieg

Tzar's Palace Sofia
Tzar's Palace Sofia


Ferdinand is 29 degrees from Rosa Parks, 23 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 4 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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