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Theodore Sauzier (1831)

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Theodore Sauzier
Born in Saint-Denis, La Réunion (Ile Bourbon), Mauritiusmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 8 Jan 2015
This page has been accessed 738 times.




Birth: [1]
Date: 22 May 1831
Place: Saint-Denis, La Réunion (Ile Bourbon), Mauritius


Name: Theodore SAUZIER
Spouse: Amélina BERTIN
Children: [2]
Naissances, Mariages et Décès
Nom : Marie Eulalié Jeanne Sauzier
Conjoint(e) : Alphonse Henri Victor Robert
Père : Théodore Sauzier
Nom : Marie Thérèse Auguste Sauzier [b.1857]
Conjoint(e) : Léon Jules Dorison
Père : Théodore Sauzier
Nom : Marie Madeleine Sauzier [b.1860]
Conjoint(e) : Paul François Marie Joseph Lecat
Père : Théodore Sauzier
Marie Aimee SAUZIER(1863-Port-Louis)


Notary Public: [3]
Date: 13 June 1862
Place: Mauritius
50. Because the said District Magistrate has refused to hear, as a witness, in the above cause, Theodore Sauzier of Church Street, Port Louis, Notary's clerk, who had been summoned and was present in Court, to give evidence in the said cause, on the day of the hearing thereof, vis: on the 13th June [1862] instant.
Notary Public: [4]
Date: 17 March 1869
Place: Mauritius
In the course of this case in which the Plaintiff seeks to obtain a Judgement setting aside a certain sale made by one of the Defendants, Durhone, to the other Defendant, Widow Adrien Ebrard, of a house situate at Port Louis, on the alleged ground of the fraudulent nature of the conveyance, witnesses were heard in support of the allegation of fraud; one of them Mr Theodore Sauzier, a Notary public, being under examination, was asked to report what Durhone had stated to him, at the office of Mr Pelte, a Notary public, whose senior and manageing clerk Mr. Sauzier then was. Mr Pellereau then objected to the question, on the ground that even if Mr. Sauzier were willing to answer and to reveal his client's secret, whatever may have been the nature of the communication made, he ought not to be allowed so to do, as the privilege was not Mr. Sauzier's, but the client's privilege.
Discoveries: [5]
Date: 1889
Place: Mauritius
Later still, in 1889, Mr. Théodore Sauzier, a Mauritian residing in Paris, visited his native island and obtained assistance from the colonial government to make further researches in Mare aux Songes, which resulted in the discovery of a considerable number of bones of Dodos. A few specimens were sent by Mr. Sauzier to Sir Edward Newton, formerly Colonial Secretary of Mauritius (brother of Mr. Alfred Newton, the distinguished zoologist), who had taken much interest in Mr. Clark's investigations. An entire skeleton constructed by Mr. A. Milne Edwards of Paris, was presented to Mauritius's Museum by Mr Sauzier, who accompanied it with a copy of Mr. Roelandt Savery's Berlin picture of the Dodo.
Mauritius Owl [6]
The extinct Mauritius Owl (Mascarenotus sauzieri), also called Commerson's, Sauzier's or Newton's Owl, was endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius. It is known from a collection of subfossil bones, a detailed sketch made by de Jossigny in 1770, a no less detailed description by Desjardins of a bird shot in 1836, and a number of brief reports about owls, the first being those of van West-Zanen in 1602 and Matelief in 1606.
No descriptions of owls were recorded between the mid-17th and the late 18th century. This led to considerable confusion, especially since the bones were referred to ear tuft-less Strix or barn owls, whereas the image and the description unequivocally show the presence of ear tufts. Thus, it was for a long time believed that 2 or even 3 species of owls occurred on the island. The supposed "barn owl" Tyto newtoni was described from tarsometatarsus bones of what probably was a male individual of this species, whereas the Mauritius Owl's type specimen seems to be a bone of a larger female bird. But the bird was neither a Strix nor a Scops owl, and certainly not a barn owl. Instead, the Mascarene owls of the genus Mascarenotus were most probably a distinct evolutionary lineage related to the genus Ninox that evolved convergently to Scops or Asio owls. The Mauritius bird was the largest species of its genus, with a total length of about 60 cm. Its scientific name honors Théodore Sauzier, who made the first bones available for scientific study.
The Mauritius Owl was the largest carnivore on the island before the start of human settlement. Thus, unlike other local species of birds, it was not much affected by the introduction of predators such as cats, rats, and Crab-eating Macaques. In the 1830s, the species seems to have been not uncommonly found in the southeastern part of the island, between Souillac and the Montagnes Bambous due east of Curepipe, with the last testimony of observations referring to several encounters in 1837. However, as the cultivation of sugarcane and tea encroached upon its habitat, combined with reckless shooting, it disappeared rapidly. In 1859, Clark wrote that the bird was extinct.
BirdLife International (2004). Mascarenotus sauzieri. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 24 Jun 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is extinct
Newton, Alfred & Gadow, Hans Friedrich (1893): On additional bones of the Dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Théodore Sauzier. Trans. Zool. Soc. 13: 281-302, plate 33: figures 11-18.
Retrieved from ""
Mauritian Duck[7]
The Mauritian Duck or Sauzier's Teal (Anas theodori) is an extinct dabbling duck that formerly occurred on the islands of Mauritius and Réunion. It was a small teal of the Anas gibberifrons superspecies of the Anas subgenus Nettion. Its closest relative is Bernier's Teal from Madagascar, and apart from having stronger wings and being considerably bigger (between a Sunda Teal and a mallard in size) it seems to have looked very similar to that species. Apart from a few, brief descriptions, not much is known about the bird in life, but its habits probably did not differ significantly from those of its close relatives. Bones have been found on Mauritius and more recently on Réunion also. The scientific name honors Thé´odore Sauzier, who made many bones of extinct birds found on Mauritius available to science.
The bird became extinct on both islands almost simultaneously and for the same reason: overhunting. On Mauritus, the "grey teals" were found in "great numbers" in 1681, but in 1693, Leguat (1708) found "wild ducks" to be already rare. In 1696, governor Deodati mentioned the species for the last time to be extant. On Réunion, the species is last mentioned to occur "in quantity" in de la Merveille's 1709 listing of the island's wildlife, but as Feuilley had not listed waterfowl in his 1705 report, de la Merveille's record is obviously based on obsolete hearsay information. The last reliable Réunion record of the species appears to be the report of Père Bernardin in 1687; thus, the date of extinction can be assumed to be the late 1690s on Mauritius, and a few years earlier on Réunion.
The reports of Bernardin and (1710) Boucher are puzzling insofar as that they mention both geese, sarcelles (teals, this species) as well as canards (ducks, larger than sarcelles) as occurring or having occurred on Réunion. It is possible that a carpometacarpus bone apparently of an Aythya diving duck is referrable to these canards. If so, these birds were probably related to the Madagascar Pochard, of which only small numbers are known to remain.
BirdLife International (2004). Anas theodori. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 23 Jun 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is extinct.
Leguat, François (1708): Voyages et Avantures de François Leguat & de ses Compagnons, en Deux Isles Desertes des Indes Orientales, etc. 2: 71. Jean Louis de Lorme, Amsterdam. PDF fulltext available at Gallica: search for "Leguat"
Newton, Alfred & Gadow, Hans Friedrich (1893): On additional bones of the Dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius obtained by Mr. Théodore Sauzier. Trans. Zool. Soc. 13: 281-302, plate 34: figures 11-17.
fn16. Th. Sauzier, Un projet de République à l’île d’Eden en 1689 par le marquis Henri du Quesne (E. Dufosse, Paris, 1887) ;
Protestantisme et utopie en France aux XVIe et XVIIe siècles
Since its first appearance, Calvinism has been doomed to remain a minority phenomenon in France, so that the Huguenots had to develop a minority mentality. This mentality finds one of its best expressions in the utopias and the utopianism. It’s not a coincidence if the first French utopia, Antangil (1616), an anonymous work, is a Huguenot utopia, nor that six of the eight most important utopias or utopian descriptions of the Louis XIV time are Huguenot or converted Catholics works. Antangil is a nostalgic and “monarchomatical” utopia, still deeply rooted in the French soil. The Grand Dessein of Sully is an international and european utopia. The Louis XIV time utopias, for their part, are marked by the acceptance of the diaspora status and also by the mental and geographical disorientation which follow its exile and growing distance to France and also to God. One only utopia, L’Île d’Eden, from Henri Duquesne, still remains in many ways a true French Huguenot utopia.
From the main text of this essay . . . .
Après la révocation de l’Édit de Nantes et le départ hors de France de très nombreux Huguenots, des tentatives désespérées furent menées afin de trouver un nouveau refuge. L’idée visant à fonder un État protestant français fit de nouvelle surface, cette fois-ci aux Mascareignes15, au large de Madagascar. À cette occasion, l’instigateur du projet fut Henry Duquesne, fils du célèbre amiral Abraham Duquesne qui travailla de façon continuelle avec les Provinces Unies de Hollande dans le but d’obtenir assistance et soutien dans la création d’un nouvel État [16]. Cette fois-ci, le mot “État” fut souligné par Duquesne en 1689 quand il publia un programme qui exposait de façon détaillée la création et l’organisation de cet État, le Recueil de quelques mémoires servans d’instruction pour l’établissement de l’Isle d’Eden_17
La piastre Decaen : numismatique coloniale, ile de France / par Théodore Sauzier, Maréchal et Montorier, 1886 - Coins, Mauritian - 15 pages
Bib ID : 2352750
Format :BookBookOnline
Author: Sauzier, Th. (Theodore)
Description: Paris : Marechal et Montorier, [1886] 15 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
Notes: "Extrait de la Revue numismatique, Paris, 1886"--P. [3]
Cited In: Toussaint, A. Bibliography of Mauritius, D1419
Subjects: Coins, Mauritian.
Also Titled: Numismatique coloniale, ile de France


Source: * Information researched by Jeremy Corney
  2. Publications des bans de mariage de Paris et Ancienne Seine, 1860 à 1902
  3. Arrêts de la Cour Suprème, de la Cour de Vice-amirauté, Et de la Cour Des Faillites de L'ile Maurice, Volume 2 (Google eBook), William Maxwell, 1862 - Law reports, digests, etc pp171
  4. The Mauritius Reports (Google eBook),Mauritius. Supreme Court,LexisNexis Butterworths (South Africa), 1871 - Law reports, digests, etc
  5. Mauritius Illustrated: Historical and Descriptive, Commercial and Industrial Facts, Figures, & Resources, Allister Macmillan, Asian Educational Services, 2000 - Mauritius

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