Amédée VIII (Savoie) de Savoie

Amédée (Savoie) de Savoie (1383 - 1451)

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Amédée (Amédée VIII) "Amadeus, Antipope Felix V, the Peaceful" de Savoie formerly Savoie
Born in Chambéry, Savoie, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Het Kasteel Van Wicestre, Arras,map
Descendants descendants
Died in Geneva [now in Switzerland])map
Profile last modified | Created 9 Jun 2016
This page has been accessed 642 times.
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Contents

Biography

  • Antipope Felix V

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Felix V Nuremberg chronicles f 242v 2 (Felix V).jpg Antipope Felix V, the last historical Antipope. Papacy began 5 November 1439 Papacy ended 7 April 1449 Predecessor Benedict XIV (as Antipope) Eugene IV (as Pope) Successor Nicholas V (as Pope) Opposed to Eugene IV and Nicholas V

Personal details

Birth name: Amadeus VIII Born: 4 September 1383, Chambéry, France (GPS: 45°34′12″N 5°54′42″E) Died: 7 January 1451 (aged 67) Parents: Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry

Other popes and antipopes named Felix Amadeus VIII (4 September 1383 – 7 January 1451) was an Italian nobleman, the son of Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry. He was surnamed the Peaceful. Born at Chambéry, he was the Count of Savoy from 1391 to 1416 and was elevated by Emperor Sigismund to the Duke of Savoy in 1416. Amadeus was elected, as antipope Felix V, by the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence and reigned from November 1439 to April 1449.[1]

After the death of his father in 1391, his mother acted as a regent, because of his youth.

In 1418 his distant cousin Louis of Savoy-Achaea, his brother-in-law, the last male of the elder branch of House of Savoy, died, leaving Amadeus as his heir-general, thus finally uniting the male-lines of the House of Savoy.

He increased his dominions, encouraged several attempts to negotiate an end to the Hundred Years' War, and, after the death of his wife, retired from his position as Duke to become a hermit. Elected by the Council of Basel as an alternative Pope in opposition to Pope Eugene IV, Amadeus served as Felix V, regarded as an antipope, before stepping down to accept a Cardinal's hat.[2][3]

Amadeus' image in history is marred by the account of him as a pontiff concerned with money, to avoid disadvantaging his heirs, found in the Commentaries of Pius II. Nor is there evidence that he intrigued to obtain the papal office, sending the bishops of Savoy to Basel for this purpose.

(Note on numbering: When numbering of the Popes began to be used, Antipope Felix II was counted as one of the Popes of that name. The second true Pope Felix is thus known by the number III, and the third true Pope Felix was given the number IV. It also affected the name taken by Amadeus, who would have been the fourth Pope Felix.)

  • Amadeus VIII (1391-1434), known as the antipope Felix V, was made a duke by Emperor Sigismund in 1416; in 1422 he received the County of Geneva in fief, and in 1426 gained Vercelli and feudal supremacy over Montferrat. Under his weak and idle son Louis (1334-65) the power of the rising house declined. Amadeus IX the Fortunate (1465-72) left the government to his wife Yolande, sister of the French king Louis XI, who was also regent for her minor son Philibert I (1372-82). French influence increased in Savoy and involved the country in the wars between France and the emperors. Philibert II (1497-1504) inclined in politics more to the Austrian and Spanish side; this was also the policy of Charles III (1504-53). The latter received Asti in 1530 from his brother-in-law, the Emperor Charles V, but in 1534 lost Geneva, in 1536 Vaud and the southern shore of the Lake of Geneva as far as the Swiss cantons of Berne, Freiburg, and Valais, and in 1536 he was driven out of Savoy and Piedmont by the French king. The Truce of Nice in 1538 left the French in possession of their conquests, and Charles retained only Cuneo, Asti, and Vercelli. However, his son Emmanuel Philibert (1553-80) regained nearly all his territories in 1559 by the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis; in 1564 he concluded the Treaty of Lausanne with the Swiss Confederation, in agreement with which he recovered Chablais, but renounced his claim to Geneva and the Vaud. He acquired Tenda and Oneglia, founded the University of Mondovì, and replaced the feudal system by an enlightened absolutism which afterwards became a model for Europe.
  • Amadeus VIII, byname Amadeus the Peaceful, Italian Amedeo Il Pacifico, French Amédée Le Paisible, also called Pope Felix V (born 1383, Chambéry, Savoy [now in France]—died Jan. 7, 1451, Geneva [now in Switzerland]), count (1391–1416) and duke (1416–40) of Savoy, first member of the house of Savoy to assume the title of duke. His 42-year reign saw the extension of his authority from Lake Neuchâtel on the north to the Ligurian coast, and under the title of Felix V he was an antipope for 10 years (1439–49).

The sudden death of Amadeus VII in 1391 left his eight-year-old son under a regency. In 1393 Amadeus married Mary, daughter of Philip the Bold, duke of Burgundy. During the early 1400s he increased the territories of Savoy, laying claim to Geneva in 1401 and buying other nearby lands in 1402 and 1406.

  • FELIX V, ANTIPOPE

Pontificate: (sometimes referred to as the pope of Basel) Nov. 5, 1439–April 7, 1449. Duke Amadeus VIII of Savoy was born in Chambéry on Dec. 4, 1383, and died in Geneva on Jan. 7, 1451. After he took over the family's estates in 1391, he expanded them to include the Piedmont and the Ligurian coast. His success brought him more wealth and influence. In 1416 the German king Sigismund (1410–37, emp. 1433) raised Savoy's status to a duchy, and in 1422 the same king granted Amadeus the county of Geneva. Amadeus was an extremely devout layman, and in October 1434, after the deaths of his wife, Maria of Burgundy (1422), and eldest son (1431) he appointed his second son, Ludovico, as regent.

Sources


Biography

Amadeus VIII (4 September 1383, Chambéry – 7 January 1451) was the son of Amadeus VII, Count of Savoy and Bonne of Berry. He was surnamed the Peaceful and was the Count of Savoy from 1391 to 1416 and was elevated by Emperor Sigismund to the Duke of Savoy in 1416. Amadeus was also the antipope Felix V, elected by the Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence, from November 1439 to April 1449.[1]

After the death of his father in 1391, his mother acted as a regent, because of his youth.

In 1418 his distant cousin Louis of Savoy-Achaea, his brother-in-law, the last male of the elder branch of House of Savoy, died, leaving Amadeus as his heir-general, thus finally uniting the male-lines of the House of Savoy.

He increased his dominions, encouraged several attempts to negotiate an end to the Hundred Years' War, and, after the death of his wife, retired from his position as Duke to become a hermit. Elected by the Council of Basel as an alternative Pope in opposition to Pope Eugene IV, Amadeus served as Felix V, regarded as an antipope, before stepping down to accept a Cardinal's hat.[2][3]

Amadeus' image in history is marred by the account of him as a pontiff concerned with money, to avoid disadvantaging his heirs, found in the Commentaries of Pius II. Nor is there evidence that he intrigued to obtain the papal office, sending the bishops of Savoy to Basel for this purpose.

(Note on numbering: When numbering of the Popes began to be used, Antipope Felix II was counted as one of the Popes of that name. The second true Pope Felix is thus known by the number III, and the third true Pope Felix was given the number IV. It also affected the name taken by Amadeus, who would have been the fourth Pope Felix.)

Family and children

He married Mary of Burgundy (1380–1422), daughter of Philip the Bold,[4] Duke of Burgundy and granddaughter of John II of France and had nine children:

  1. Margaret of Savoy (1405–1418)
  2. Anthony of Savoy (1407)
  3. Anthony of Savoy (1408)
  4. Margaret of Savoy (1410–1479) married to:
    1. Louis III, titular king of Naples;
    2. Louis IV, Count Palatine of the Rhine;
    3. Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg.
  5. Marie of Savoy (1411-1469), married Filippo Maria Visconti, duke of Milan.
  6. Amadeus of Savoy, Prince of Piemonte (1412–1431)
  7. Louis of Savoy (1413–1465), his successor
  8. Bonne of Savoy (1415–1430)
  9. Philip of Savoy, Count of Genève (1417–1444), unmarried

in: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antipope_Felix_V>

Sources


MEDIEVAL LANDS: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families by Charles Cawley © Foundation for Medieval Genealogy & Charles Cawley 2000-2017.


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On 7 May 2016 at 06:54 GMT Elizia (Jacobs) Joubert wrote:

He is my 18th great grand father an the 15th great grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. Very interesting. Who still say genealogy is not interesting?

On 12 Sep 2014 at 18:37 GMT Evan (Chapman) Snyman wrote:

Savoy-5 and De Savoye-53 appear to represent the same person because: Whichever direction, these are the same HISTORICAL person. I am trying to tidy up the line.



Amédée VIII is 26 degrees from Sharon Caldwell, 21 degrees from Burl Ives and 13 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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