Philibert II (10 April 1480 to 10 September 1504), surnamed the Handsome or the Good, was the Duke of Savoy from 1497 until his death in 1504.
Born in Pont-d'Ain, Bresse, France, he was the son of Philip the Landless, who until 1496 was a younger son of the House of Savoy, and his first wife, Marguerite of Bourbon. In 1496, Philibert's father surprisingly succeeded as Duke, when his underaged great-grandnephew, Duke Charles II of Savoy, died, he, Philip, being the next male heir of the Ducal House of Savoy.
The same year, the 16-year-old Philibert married 8-year-old Yolande Louise of Savoy, his cousin and the only sister of the deceased young duke. She was daughter of Duke Charles I of Savoy, the Warrior, and Blanche of Montferrat, as well as a granddaughter of Philibert's late uncle, Duke Amadeus IX of Savoy. She was the heir-general of her brother, father, grandfather, and also grandmother, Yolande of France, the eldest surviving daughter of King Charles VII of France. Her birth-right, after the death of her brother, was the succession of the kingdoms of Cyprus and Jerusalem, although Philibert's father had usurped those titles that rightfully belonged to the Senior Branch of the House of Savoy. Philibert & his family were from the Lesser Branch.
In 1497 Philibert's father died and he succeeded him as Duke of Savoy. The young couple then advanced their other claims to titles from the Savoy House and became (the honorific) Queen and King of Cyprus, Jerusalem and Armenia.
On 12 September 1499, Yolande-Louise, the 12-year-old wife of Duke Philibert I died without producing an heir for her husband. Her heir was her first cousin, Princess Charlotte of Naples, later Countess of Laval. Philibert continued to use the titles of King of Cyprus etc, despite the death of his first wife, who had inherited them from her grandparents.
Philibert's 2nd marriage tied him into the web of alliances around the Imperial Habsburgs, who ruled The Netherlands, Alsace and Franche-Comté, Tyrol, and Austria as well as parts of northern Italy. He married Margaret of Austria, the only daughter of Emperor Maximilian I and his late wife Mary of Burgundy, heiress of Flanders, Palatine Burgundy...
During Duke Philibert's reign, his cousin, King Charles VIII of France died, and the next king, Louis XII of France, invaded Italy, where he conquered most of the Kingdom of Naples. He also conquered Milan, which neighboured Savoy to the east, putting the Savoyards between French possessions.
However, Philibert died childless and young at the age of 24 of pneumonia in September 1504. He was succeeded by his young half-brother, Charles III, Duc de Savoie, in September 1504. Philibert's widow built an impressive church at Brou, Bresse, France, where he was interred and later she joined him there.
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