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Johann Caspar Schäfer (abt. 1741)

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Johann Caspar (Caspar) "Kaspar" Schäfer
Born about in Darmstadt, Hessen, Germanymap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified 12 Mar 2019 | Created 31 Jul 2017
This page has been accessed 172 times.


Biography

Volga German
Caspar Schäfer is a Volga German.
Caspar Schäfer has German Roots.

Germany-Denmark-Russia


A22-28 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

B-1413 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

Rus14-36The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

Family #58 in the 1775 Grimm census.

Family #24 in the 1798 Grimm census.


Johann Caspar Schäfer was one of five children who immigrated to Denmark with his mother, Eva Elisabeth Schäfer. By that time, his father had already passed away; there is no indication in Danish or Russian records of the name of his name. The family traveled under the names of his older brother Jacob Schaefer, born 1739, and his mother Eva Elisabeth, born 1716. I presume the eldest son was treated as the head of the family because there may have been a problem with a widow immigrating with her five children.

The economic conditions in the Hessen-Darmstadt area in the mid-1700s were poor, due to war, famine, high taxes and burdensome tithing expected by the local Church. Starting in 1759, the Danish government offered these disadvantaged Germans a chance for a new life in Denmark helping to turn marshy land into something arable. Those who chose to immigrate would be given an opportunity for a brighter future via homesteaded land or through a land lottery.

The Schäfers arrived on May 18, 1761. Eldest son Jacob brought with him his fiancee, Anna Catharina Bärechin. Elisabeth's other children included:

  • Johann Caspar, born 1741, age 20
  • Eva Elisabeth, born 1745, age 16
  • Johann Georg, born 1748, age 13
  • Anna Margaretha, born 1752, age 9

They arrived in the Danish town of Schleswig on 30 May 1761, and the adults took their oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761. By August, brother Jacob and his fiancee had married and were given a separate house from the rest of the family. Eva Elisabeth and her four other children lived at Number 4 Lille Dannemark in Colony G14 Julianenebene, in the region of Gottorf.

The marshlands were very inhospitable to farmers. Although the Germans were good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark. When Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia, brothers Jacob, Johann Georg and Johann Caspar decided it offered them a better opportunity than what was there for them in Denmark.

By 18 February 1765 the family had left Denmark to immigrate for Russia. Three of the sons, Jacob, Conrad and Georg, are verified as having immigrated to Grimm, Russia. It is likely the entire family immigrated together. Mother Eva Elisabeth probably remarried, and at least one of her daughters was nearing an age acceptable for marriage. I don't have a copy of the first Grimm census from Einwanderung in das Wolgagebiet 1764-1767, so it's not possible to tell at this if they all lived together or near each other after they arrived in Grimm.

By 1775, Kaspar (now spelled with a K) was married to Ludowika Margaretha Walter and the couple had three children:

  • Johann Jakob, born 1774
  • Elisabeth, born 1769
  • Katharina, born 1770

By 1798, Kaspar's oldest child Johann Jakob had married Margaretha Wolf and they had a daughter, Katharina, age 2. Eldest daughters Elisabeth and Katharina were no longer living in the house and were probably married, living in other families. Kaspar and Ludowika had three more daughters:

  • Anna Margaretha, born 1776
  • Anna Katharina, born 1780
  • Anna Barbara, born 1783

Kaspar does not specifically appear in the 1834, nor does his wife, but his son Johann Jakob does with his sons and their families. Most likely Kaspar and Ludowika passed away some time prior to the 1834 census.


Sources

  • Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 262, 575, and 673.
  • The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony of the Volga Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #58 in the 1775 census, Kaspar Schäfer, age 30; family #24 in the 1798 census, Kasper [sic] Schäfer, age 57.
  • 1834 Census of Grimm in the District of Saratov, Russia, dated 2 February 1835; Translated by Brent Mai, Concordia University, Portland, Oregon; Published by Dynasty Publishing, Beaverton, OR, USA; Published 2011; page 16, family #53.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Caspar by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Caspar:

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Caspar is 25 degrees from T S Eliot, 27 degrees from Walter Howe and 26 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots