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Johann Caspar Schäfer (abt. 1741)

Johann Caspar (Kaspar) Schäfer
Born about in Darmstadt, Hessen, Germanymap
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] in Grimm, Saratov, Russiamap
Profile last modified | Created 31 Jul 2017
This page has been accessed 281 times.

Biography

Volga German
Kaspar Schäfer is a Volga German.
Kaspar Schäfer has German Roots.

Germany-Denmark-Russia


A22-28 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

B-1413 inThe Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

Rus14-36The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,

Family #58 in the 1775 Grimm census.

Family #24 in the 1798 Grimm census.


Johann Caspar Schäfer was one of five children who immigrated to Denmark with his mother, Eva Elisabeth Schäfer. [1] By that time, his father had already passed away; there is no indication in Danish or Russian records of the name of his name. [1] The family traveled under the names of his older brother Jacob Schaefer, born 1739, and his mother Eva Elisabeth, born 1716. [1] The eldest son was treated as the head of the family because there may have been a technical problem related to the terms of the immigration invitation that prevented a widow immigrating with her five children. [1]

The economic conditions in the Hessen-Darmstadt area in the mid-1700s were poor, due to war, famine, high taxes and burdensome tithing expected by the local Church. Starting in 1759, the Danish government offered these disadvantaged Germans a chance for a new life in Denmark helping to turn marshy land into something arable. Those who chose to immigrate would be given an opportunity for a brighter future via homesteaded land or through a land lottery.

The Schäfers arrived in Denmark on May 18, 1761. [1] Eldest son Jacob brought with him his fiancee, Anna Catharina Bärechin. [1] Elisabeth's other children included: [1]

  • Johann Caspar, born 1741, age 20
  • Eva Elisabeth, born 1745, age 16
  • Johann Georg, born 1748, age 13
  • Anna Margaretha, born 1752, age 9

They arrived in the Danish town of Schleswig on 30 May 1761, and the adults took their oath of allegiance to Denmark on 24 July 1761. [1] By August, brother Jacob and his fiancee had married and were given a separate house from the rest of the family.[1] Eva Elisabeth and her four other children lived at Number 4 Lille Dannemark in Colony G14 Julianenebene, in the region of Gottorf. [1]

The marshlands were very inhospitable to farmers. Although the Germans were good farmers with typical farm land, it was far more difficult to convert these former wetlands and grow crops. Most of the German immigrants barely reaped enough to feed their families, let alone to provide food for others in Denmark. When Catherine the Great invited Germans to immigrate to Russia, brothers Jacob, Johann Georg and Johann Caspar decided it offered them a better opportunity than what was there for them in Denmark.

By 18 February 1765 the family had left Denmark to immigrate for Russia. [1] Three of the sons, Jacob, Conrad and Georg, are verified as having immigrated to Grimm, Russia. It is likely the entire family immigrated together. Mother Eva Elisabeth probably remarried, and at least one of her daughters was nearing an age acceptable for marriage. The family first lived in a temporary village, like Dobrinka, until the upper colonies were ready for the settlers. After 1767 they moved to other villages, including Grimm.

By 1775, Kaspar (now spelled with a K) was married to Ludowika Margaretha Walter and the couple had three children:

  • Johann Jakob, born 1774
  • Elisabeth, born 1769
  • Katharina, born 1770


1775 Grimm Census [2]

Family # 58
Head of the Household Kaspar Schäfer, age 30
Wife Ludowika Schäfer, age 30
Child #1 Johann Jakob Schäfer, age 1
Child #2 Elisabeth Schäfer, age 6
Child #3 Katharina Schäfer, age 5


By 1798, Kaspar's oldest child Johann Jakob had married Margaretha Wolf and they had a daughter, Katharina, age 2. Eldest daughters Elisabeth and Katharina were no longer living in the house and were probably married, living in other families. Kaspar and Ludowika had three more daughters:

  • Anna Margaretha, born 1776
  • Anna Katharina, born 1780
  • Anna Barbara, born 1783


1798 Grimm Census [3]

Family # 24
Head of the Household Kaspar Schäfer, age 57
Wife Ludowika Margaretha Walter Schäfer, age 62 [sic]
Child #1 Johann Jakob Schäfer, age 25
Wife of Child #1 Margaretha Wolf Schäfer, age 25
Grandchild #1 Katharina Schäfer, age 2
Child #2 Anna Margaretha Schäfer, age 22
Child #3 Anna Katharina Schäfer, age 18
Child #4 Anna Barbara Schäfer, age 15


Kaspar does not specifically appear in the 1834, nor does his wife, but his son Johann Jakob does with his sons and their families. [4] Most likely Kaspar and his wife passed away some time prior to the 1834 census. I likely died before 1816, at which time his death would have been noted in that interim, male-only census. If he was still living in 1834, he would have been 93 years old.


Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766,, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 262, 575, and 673.
  2. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #58 in the 1775 census, Kaspar Schäfer family.
  3. The 1775 and 1798 Census of the German Colony on the Volga, Lesnoy Karamysh, also known as Grimm; Published by the American Historical Society of Germans from Russia, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA; Published date: 1995; family #24 in the 1798 census, Kaspar Schäfer family.
  4. 1834 Census of Grimm in the District of Saratov, Russia, dated 2 February 1835; Translated by Brent Mai, Concordia University, Portland, Oregon; Published by Dynasty Publishing, Beaverton, OR, USA; Published 2011; page 16, family #53, Johann Jakob Schäfer family.

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Categories: Grimm | German Roots