Ernst Schafer (Pseud.: Jeremias Himmelstoesser, Ernst Sarnold) was a journalist, musician, and theatre/art critic. He was born 25.3. 1898 in Floridsdorf Vienna / Austria-Hungary and died. 28.9. 1942 in the concentration camp Mauthausen / Austria. He was born the son of Jewish parents. Father: Philipp Schäfer , railway employee, mother: Antonia Steinschneider. The ancestors of both families were from Moravia (Prossnitz, Freiwaldau)
1900/01:Schafer family moves to Znojmo, Moravia
1902: Birth of sister Margaret in Znojmo.
1905: Birth of sister Emma in Znojmo.
1906: Learns to play piano and violin in self-study. Retreat of the family to Vienna
1915: Joins as a volunteer in the Austro-Hungarian army.
1917: Is released from the army because of 'mental disorder'. Parents and Sister Emma move to Vienna. Join the Communist Party in Vienna. Help the revolutionary Leo Rotziegel escape and is arrested several times.
1918-20 Participates in the revolution in Vienna and Berlin
1919: Published in the magazine Vienna: Peace the story A legend
1920: Is employed in Vienna and Berlin as a musician, tutor, journalist.
1922: Marries Rosa Krombert, Vienna, poet and sculptor. Leave Judaism.
1923: Birth of son Wolfgang
1924: Spends several months in Paris. Write articles and novels for German magazines from there. Accepts the pseudonym "Jeremiah's Sky Breath".
1925: Father Philipp Schafer dies in Vienna. Ernst Schafer rejoins Judaism at the time. Is registered with Mrs. Rosa and son Wolfgang in Munich. He works there as an art and theater critic for the Münchner Neueste Nachrichten . Contributed to the magazine Dur and Moll , where a number of his stories and criticisms are published. including:
Fantasy About the prelude to the Flying Dutchman (short story)
Maria am Gestade (novella)
The Magic Violin (concert review about Vasa Prihoda)
Bel Canto and Dramatic Singing (concert review on Tito Ruffo)
Letter to an artist (concert review)
A Critical Failure (Concert Criticism)
Trip to Berlin. Transition to Catholicism. Published article in Vossische Zeitung and Germania , both Berlin.
1926-29: Divorce from Rosa Schafer. Return to Vienna. Writes lectures for various radio stations. Published radio plays in the German radio program. Gives out a literary radio newspaper in the context of the company Neuhaus, Vienna.
Stays in Munich, Dresden, Nuremberg, Augsburg.
1929ff: Stay in Cologne, concert reviews for the Kölner Volkszeitung. Stay in Switzerland and in Paris. Is in Munich with Dr. med. Fritz Gerlich in conjunction and prepares with him his magazine Der gerad Weg Naturrechtsverlag , Munich.
1931: Will be known with the student Susanne Arnold from Chemnitz. Death of the mother Antonia Schafer in Vienna. Moved to Brussels as a political refugee. Works at the Vlaamse National Radio Institute in Brussels and writes articles for the magazine De Standard.
1932: Moves to Antwerp with Susanne Arnold where he works as a journalist for the newspaper Werld Revue and mediated by Father Felix Morlion as a film critic for DOCIP ( Dokumentatie Cinematique Pers ). Accepts the pseudonym, Ernst Sarnold '.
1933: Published by the publisher Katholieken Filmliga , Antwerp: Charlie Chaplin (narration). Settles with Susanne Arnold to Brussels.
1934: Church wedding in Brussels. Ernst and Susanne are involved in filming in Leuven, Mechelen and Montaigue, Belgium.
1935: Birth of the son Joseph in Brussels. Relocation of the family to Luxembourg.
1935/36: Published stories, considerations about film etc in the Luxemburger Wort :
The riddle of Heideborcht (continuation novella)
Anni, the apple woman (film criticism)
The story of the three bells (narrative)
Kala-Bim, Kala-Bum (youthful memory)
Meeting with a village pastor (film article)
Relocation of the family to Prague.
1937: Birth of daughter Maria in Prague. Ernst and Susanne travel with Maria to Munich for the funeral of Susanne's father, Paul Arnold. They leave Joseph in Prague with their landlords who are with him
1938/39: move to Vienna. Ernst Schafer is summoned to the State Security Service and temporarily detained. Meanwhile, Susanne Schafer travels to Vienna with her daughter Maria and falls ill with polio shortly after arrival. Maria is handed over to a foster family in Vienna.
1938: Rosa Schafer emigrates with son Wolfgang to England. Ernst and Susanne live in a pension in Vienna.
1939: Daughter Anna was born.
1940: Daughter Regine born.
1941: Imprisonment in the police detention center Rossauerlände .
1942: Susanne Schafer brings daughters Anna and Regine to her sister's home in Northern Germany. Ernst is transferred to the Gestapo and sent into Mauthausen.
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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ernst by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line.
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