Fashion designer noted for her designs inspired by Surrealist art.
Elsa was born in 1890. She was the daughter of Celestino Schiaparelli and Maria de Dominitis. Elsa was an Italian fashion designer. Along with Coco Chanel, her greatest rival, she is one of the most prominent figures in fashion between the two World Wars.
One of her first designs was the wrap dress, first appearing in 1930 and a design revisited in the 1970’s by American fashion designer, Diane Von Fürstenberg. Elsa had no technical training in pattern making and construction, rather relying on impulse and a moment of inspiration as the work progressed, draping fabric directly on the body. Her signature color was shocking pink.
Elsa Schiaprelli opened her fashion house in 1930’s at 21 Place Vendôme. She spent the war years in New York. When she returned after the war, fashion had changed and herfashion house struggled until shutting down December 1954, the same year that her rival Chanel returned to the design business.
She passed away in 1973 in her apartment 22, rue de Berri in Paris (8th arrondissement).
↑ Acte de décès: Acte #431, Décès 1973 Paris VIIIème, Archives de Paris en ligne cote 8D 263 vue 25, consulté le 21 mars 2019
"England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005," database, ;FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:268N-4RJ : 13 December 2014), Elsa L M Schiaparelli and null, 1914; from “England & Wales Marriages, 1837-2005,” database, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : 2012); citing 1914, quarter 3, vol. 1A, p. 1368, St. Martin, London, England, General Register Office, Southport, England.
"Brasil, Cartões de Imigração, 1900-1965," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V134-384 : 5 August 2017), Elsa Schiaparelli, Immigration; citing 1952, Arquivo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (National Archives, Rio de Janeiro).
"Brasil, Cartões de Imigração, 1900-1965," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:KC6H-SD9 : 5 August 2017), Elsa Schiaparelli, Immigration; citing 1952, Arquivo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (National Archives, Rio de Janeiro).