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Joan (Shakespeare) Hart (bef. 1569 - bef. 1646)

Joan Hart formerly Shakespeare
Born before in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married about 1599 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died before in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 7 Aug 2008
This page has been accessed 7,491 times.

Biography

Flag of Warwickshire (adopted 2016)
Joan (Shakespeare) Hart was born in Warwickshire, England.

Joan Shakespeare was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of John Shakespeare, glover, of Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, and his wife Mary Arden.[1][2]

She was baptised on 15 April 1569 at Holy Trinity, Stratford, and entered in the parish register as "Jone the daughter of John Shakspere."[3][4] Her parents had already had another daughter Joan, but she is thought to have died as an infant.[1][5]

She married William Hart, a hatter, sometime before 1600.[1] Their four children were baptised at Holy Trinity, Stratford:

  1. William, baptised 28 August 1600[6]
  2. Mary, baptised 5 June 1603[7]
  3. Thomas. baptised 24 July 1605[8]
  4. Michael, baptised 23 September 1608[9]

Not much is known about Joan's husband, other than he was sued for debt in 1600 and 1601.[1] He was buried at Holy Trinity, Stratford on 17 April 1616,[10] a week before her brother William.

Shakespeare family's house in
Henley St, Stratford-upon-Avon

She was the only sibling of Shakespeare to be survived by children. Under his will dated 25 March 1616, her brother gave money to her and her three sons, and allowed her to live for the rest of her life in the house in Henley Street, Stratford, now known as Shakespeare's Birthplace. His will stated:

I gyve & bequeath unto my saied sister Jone xxli & all my wearing Apparrell ... And I doe Will & devise unto her the house wth thappurten[a]nc[es] in Stratford wherein she Dwelleth for her naturall lief un[der] the yearelie Rent of xiid ... I gyve & bequeath unto her three sonns Willi[a]m Harte [blank] Hart & Michaell Harte ffyve pound[es] A peece[11][12]

She was buried at Holy Trinity, Stratford on 4 November 1646.[13]

Her descendants continued to live in Stratford for several generations. Her grandson Thomas Hart inherited Shakespeare's Birthplace in 1670 and it was passed down through her descendants to John Hart, died 1800, whose tombstone incorrectly claimed he was "the sixth descendant from the Poet Shakespear."[14] His widow sold Shakespeare's Birthplace in 1806.[15]

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 S. Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare A Compact Documentary Life, Oxford University Press, 1977, pages 27-8. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  2. J. O. Halliwell, The Life of William Shakespeare, London: J. R. Smith, 1848, page 30. Google Books (accessed 21 Apr 2020)
  3. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 15. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  4. 'Parish register entry recording Joan Shakespeare's baptism, 1569', 15 Apr 1569, Shakespeare Documented, Folger Shakespeare Library (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  5. 'Parish register entry recording Joan Shakespeare's baptism, 1558', 15 Sep 1558, Shakespeare Documented, Folger Shakespeare Library (accessed 19 Apr 2020)
  6. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 64. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  7. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 68. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  8. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 71. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  9. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Baptisms, 1558-1652 , London: privately printed, 1897, page 76. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  10. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Burials, 1558-1622-3 , London: privately printed, 1905, page 90. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  11. The National Archives. Reference: PROB 1/4. Description: Will of William Shakespeare 25 March 1616. Proved 22 June 1616. Date: 22 June 1616. A transcript is here.
  12. 'Shakespeare's last will and testament: made 25 March 1616, proved 22 June 1616.' Shakespeare Documented, Folger Shakespeare Library (accessed 8 Apr 2020)
  13. Richard Savage, The registers of Stratford-on-Avon, in the County of Warwick, Burials, 1558-1622-3 , London: privately printed, 1905, page 143. Internet Archive (accessed 20 Apr 2020)
  14. G. R. French, Shakespeareana Genealogica, Cambridge, 1869, page 406. Internet Archive (accessed 23 Apr 2020)
  15. Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Stratford-upon-Avon. Finding No: ER2/274. Description: Release by Mary Hart, William Shakespeare Hart and Ann, his wife, John Hart and William Whitehead and Sarah, his wife, ... to Thomas Court of a messuage in Henley Street known as `The Swan and Maidenhead'. Date: 4 Jul 1806.

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I am a descendant of Joan Shakespeare and William Hart. I would like to make a request to join Joans Trusted List.
posted by Kelli Furman

S  >  Shakespeare  |  H  >  Hart  >  Joan (Shakespeare) Hart

Categories: Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire | Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon