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Nojį́wįga (She who Hits a Tree) Blackdeer (1857)

Nojį́wįga Blackdeer formerly She who Hits a Tree
Born in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married 1876 (to before 1905) in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died [date unknown] in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Profile last modified
This page has been accessed 60 times.

Contents

Biography

Birth

Nojíwįga was born in 1857 in Wisconsin.

Name

Her Hocąk name was given as No Gin Win Kah (1924 census), which is for Nojíwįga, "She Strikes the Tree", from no, an older form of , "tree, wood"; , "to strike"; -wį-, a female gender infix; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. This is an attested Thunderbird Clan name.

Marriage

In 1876 she married Blackdeer when she was 19 years old. (1900 census)

Children

The 1900 Federal census and the 1905 Wisconsin census record the following children of Blackdeer and his wife Jane:

Pinkey (b. 1878 or 1880) m. Andrew Big Soldier (b. 1875)
Lyra Big Soldier (b. 12 August 1904)
Emma (b. 1882)
David (b. 1886)
George (Bird) (b. 1888)
Elsie (b. 1890)
Alice (b. 29 April 1891) m. Charles Hopinkah (b. 1890)
Harold Fred (1893)

Residence

In 1900, Jane and her neighbors were living in a small village of lodges near Brockway, Jackson County, Wisconsin. (1900 census)

Nov. 1904 — she was living single next to Albert Two Crows (b. 1873), likely her brother, probably in Wittenberg, Shawano County, Wisconsin.

In 1910 she was living as a widow at the Wittenberg Agency in Wittenberg, Shawano County, Wisconsin. (census)

Death

The last census in which she is mentioned is that of 1926. It therefore seems likely that she died between 1926 and 1927.

Sources

  • 1900 Federal Census for Brockway, Jackson, Wisconsin; Page: 10; Enumeration District: 0058; Description: Brockway Town; FHL microfilm: 1241792. United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Twelfth Census of the United States, 1900. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1900. T623, 1854 rolls.
  • 1905 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 20. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Census, 1905. Microfilm, 44 reels. Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin.
  • 1910 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 16; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1924 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 4; Line: 6; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1926 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 3; Line: 18; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.


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