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Elizabeth (Sherwood) Maddox (1702 - 1772)

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Elizabeth Maddox formerly Sherwood
Born in Essex, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married about 1718 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Amherst, Virginiamap
Profile last modified 29 Apr 2019 | Created 24 Jul 2011
This page has been accessed 938 times.


Even if insufficient evidence has surfaced to prove the origins of Elizabeth, the wife of John Maddox (of St. Peters and Goochland) with absolute certainty, there is some relevant circumstantial evidence.

A casual review of the internet suggest that Elizabeth Woodson Sherwood[1] could be her maiden name, the daughter of Jacob Sherwood and Elizabeth Radford.

  • A Joseph Woodson, presumably this one, was among the witnesses to her husband John's will, and a William "Redford", perhaps this William Radford, who would be her first cousin, was one who took inventory of his estate;[2]
  • Elizabeth's children's name included Jacob and Ann, perhaps after her father and her maternal grandmother Ann (Massey/Maxey) Radford, and the name Sherwood proliferated among Maddoxes descended from her.

It is said that in her will, "dated 3 Nov 1772, Amherst Co VA, [she] mentions James Maddox, Elizabeth Hancock, Nancy McCraw, William McCraw, Ursley McCraw."[3] But from the context there is no way to know if that is an exhaustive list of people she named whose identities might help use establish hers.

Lacking a birth record, we can probably only safely say that she was at least 16 when her first child was born in January 1719/20 and say she's certainly born before 1705, so the internet's decision of 1702 is as reasonable as anything else.

Elizabeth and John Maddox are supposed to have been married in Essex County in 1718. There is a bit more detail about this Maddox family in John's profile.

They lived for a short while in St. Peter's Parish in New Kent County, where John's family had been for some time -- long enough for their first child, William's birth to be recorded there, but it is believed that before their next child, probably John, was born, that they had removed from there.

In 1733 we see John purchasing land in Goochland County, and believe they were there by then, although in reality they may have been there throughout 1720s as tenants.

In Goochland they raised 11 children, and after John's three patents, lived on property that straddled the James River by Deep Creek and Muddy Creek.

John died in 1748 or 1749, and Elizabeth settled in Amherst County. She died there, as is clear from prior discussion of her will, in 1772 or 1773.

Someone with access to the documents at the Library of Virginia might be able to greatly enhance this profile.


  1. Middle name -
  2. wlschmutz (, re: John Mattox b1687, Mattox-L Archives, 2002-03, ( and archived on Wayback Machine : accessed 2 September 2015); perhaps citing a Denise Maddox as provider or transcriber. A transcription of probate records of John Maddox.
  3. BobHop (, Re: [HANCOCK-L] Elizabeth Maddox Hancock, HANCOCK-L Archives, Archiver > HANCOCK > 1998-10 > 0907338977, ( and archived on Wayback Machine: accessed 2 September 2015) ; hopefully citing Last Will and Testament of Elizabeth Maddox, Amherst, Virginia, proved April 1773, Will Book No. 1, 1761-1780 (Reel 17), p. 243, Virginia Wills and Administrations, Library of Virginia, System Number 000530910; index entry ( : accessed 2 September 2015).


Thank you to Kay Jones for creating WikiTree profile Sherwood-1155 through the import of Jones Family Tree.ged on Nov 30, 2013.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Elizabeth by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Elizabeth:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


On 3 Sep 2015 at 06:51 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Tom, her death date is established by her probate record, now cited. May we now merge away her twin, please? :)

On 27 Jul 2015 at 22:20 GMT Tom Bredehoft wrote:

Sherwood-1155 and Sherwood-392 are not ready to be merged because: The unresolved death date keeps this from being a shoe in.

On 27 Jul 2015 at 22:19 GMT Tom Bredehoft wrote:

The difference of 30 some years in the date of death should put this in unmerged match category, since it's half of the known data. Resolve the death date before merging.

On 7 Jun 2015 at 20:04 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Merges for 3 copies of Elizabeth Sherwood are pending. Are there any profile managers of Sherwood-392 who are still active on wikitree? Is there any reason not to merge them?

On 5 Jun 2015 at 14:07 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Sherwood-1725 and Sherwood-392 appear to represent the same person because: this is the same person.

On 27 May 2015 at 16:38 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Removing Sherwood-1155's husband so as not to confuse matters until Sherwood-1155 is merged into Sherwood-392.

On 27 May 2015 at 16:37 GMT Daphne Maddox wrote:

Sherwood-1155 and Sherwood-392 appear to represent the same person because: Sherwood-1155 is a duplicate of Sherwood-392, where Sherwood-392 is a more complete profile... 1155 should be merged into 392 and the data from 392 kept intact.

On 4 Apr 2015 at 08:09 GMT Sheryl Maddox wrote:

Sherwood-1155 and Sherwood-721 appear to represent the same person because: hey there..this is the same lady..i can't merge cus i'm not on your trusted list...please merge and edit and add or add me and i will do it..thanks..sheryl maddox.......this is all her correct info ..Elizabeth ...some of her children already have profiles on wiki...Maddox (Sherwood)

Birthdate: 1702 Birthplace: Essex, Virginia, USA Death: Died November 3, 1772 in Amherst,,Virginia,USA Immediate Family: DAUGHTER of Jacob Sherwood and Margaret Sherwood (Radford) Wife of John Maddox Mother of William Maddox; David Maddox; JOHN MADDOX; BENJAMIN MADDOX; JACOB MADDOX; JAMES MADDOX and Elizabeth Hancock « less Managed by: Private USER Last UPDATED: November 23, 2014

Elizabeth is 20 degrees from Tanya Lowry, 15 degrees from Charles Tiffany and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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