Hoda, known as Hode (see Notes), was probably born June 2, 1898 (see Notes) in Linkuva, Panevezys, Lithuania, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Her parents were Sharia Shokhen and Mikhla (Girsh) Shokhen.
Hode applied for an internal passport June 4, 1921,
although it is not known whether the passport was issued or where she may have traveled.
No trace of Hode has been found after 1922. If she was one of the fewer than ten percent of Lithuanian Jews who survived the harsh conditions after 1905 and remained in Lithuania in 1941 (see Notes) then it is certain that she was killed by the Nazis between June and August of that year.
Hoda is the correct Latin alphabet portrayal of the legal Hebrew name that would have been used for Lithuanian Jews,
however the Yiddish version, Hode, is the spelling often used in Lithuanian birth, marriage, and death records.
Hode was born in 1898,
although the exact date is not known. Since her sister, Khaia, was born June 2, 1898,
it is presumed that they were twins.
Missing Records After 1905
The Russian Revolution of 1905 brought changes to Lithuania. Persecution of Jews continuously increased between 1905 and 1941 and many were killed, others attempted to flee, and those who made it to Russia found conditions there even more difficult. As a result, records of births, marriages, and deaths are mostly not available. Hode probably died as a result of one of the following events:
natural cause of illness or accident
failure to survive rigors of attempt to flee to Russia between 1922 and 1944
killing, military conscription, or forced labor in Russia between 1922 and 1944
killing of Jews by ethnic Lithuanians between 1922 and 1941
killing of all Jews still remaining in Lithuania by Nazis between June and August of 1941
Another Hoda Shokhen
Two (possibly duplicate) records show a different Hode Sochen, born May 10, 1899, living in Jelgava, Jelgavas, Zemgale, Latvia.
This was Hode (Hait) Sochen, born in Vecsaule, Bauska Uyezd, Latvia. Her father was Leiba Hait, her husband was Jacob Sochen, and their child was Lena Hait.
Relationship to Head of Household: Head of household
Place of Birth: Birzai
Comments: German Passport Nr. 19864 issued in Bauska 17-Oct-1918 is in the file.
Record Type: Foreign Passport Application
Name: SOCHENIENE / [SOKHEN], Hode
(Maiden Name): (HAITAITE / [HAIT])
Relationship to Head of Household: Daughter
Place of Birth: Vecsaule, Bauska Uyezd, Latvia
Comments: Personalausweis Nr. 13929 issued in Bauska 28-Oct-1918 and Certificates of citizenship issued by Lithuanian representatives in Bauska 17-Apr-1920 and in Riga 19-Feb-1921 are in the file. Personalausweis Nr. 13929 issued in Bauska 28-Oct-1918 is in the file. Her mother's name was Khana.