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Hoda Shokhen (abt. 1898 - bef. 1941)

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Hoda (Hode) Shokhen
Born about in Linkuva, Panevesys, Литва, Российская империяmap
Ancestors ancestors
Wife of — married in Linkuva, Panevezys, Lithuaniamap
[children unknown]
Died before [location unknown]
Profile last modified | Created 11 Mar 2017
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Biography

Hoda, known as Hode (see Notes), was probably born June 2, 1898 (see Notes) in Linkuva, Panevezys, Lithuania, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Her parents were Sharia Shokhen and Mikhla (Girsh) Shokhen.[1]

Hode applied for an internal passport June 4, 1921,[2] although it is not known whether the passport was issued or where she may have traveled.

Hode married her first cousin, Movsha Herc Shokhen, May 16, 1922 in Linkuva, Panevezys, Lithuania.[1]

No trace of Hode has been found after 1922. If she was one of the fewer than ten percent of Lithuanian Jews who survived the harsh conditions after 1905 and remained in Lithuania in 1941 (see Notes) then it is certain that she was killed by the Nazis between June and August of that year.[3]

Notes

First Name
Hoda is the correct Latin alphabet portrayal of the legal Hebrew name that would have been used for Lithuanian Jews,[4] however the Yiddish version, Hode, is the spelling often used in Lithuanian birth, marriage, and death records.

Birth Date
Hode was born in 1898,[1] although the exact date is not known. Since her sister, Khaia, was born June 2, 1898,[5] it is presumed that they were twins.

Missing Records After 1905
The Russian Revolution of 1905 brought changes to Lithuania. Persecution of Jews continuously increased between 1905 and 1941 and many were killed, others attempted to flee, and those who made it to Russia found conditions there even more difficult. As a result, records of births, marriages, and deaths are mostly not available. Hode probably died as a result of one of the following events:[3]

  • natural cause of illness or accident
  • failure to survive rigors of attempt to flee to Russia between 1922 and 1944
  • killing, military conscription, or forced labor in Russia between 1922 and 1944
  • killing of Jews by ethnic Lithuanians between 1922 and 1941
  • killing of all Jews still remaining in Lithuania by Nazis between June and August of 1941

Another Hoda Shokhen
Two (possibly duplicate) records show a different Hode Sochen, born May 10, 1899, living in Jelgava, Jelgavas, Zemgale, Latvia.[6] This was Hode (Hait) Sochen, born in Vecsaule, Bauska Uyezd, Latvia. Her father was Leiba Hait, her husband was Jacob Sochen, and their child was Lena Hait.[7]

Sources

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 LitvakSIG, Lithuanian Jewish Special Interest Group of JewishGen, (accessed March 10, 2017), free membership required, includes the following marriage record:
    Town: Linkuva 
    Uyezd: Panevezys 
    Guberniya: Kaunas
    Date: 16/5/1922 
    Hebrew Date: 18 Iyar
    Groom: SOCHEN / [SHOKHEN], Moise Herc
    Bride: SOCHEN / [SHOKHEN], Hode
    Groom Father: Chajem
    Groom Mother: Chane  
    Groom Place: Pakruojis 
    Bride Father: Sarje 
    Bride Mother: Michle  
    Bride Place: Linkuva 
    Groom Birth: 27 
    Bride Birth: 24 
    Rabbi: Note Jerachmiel LITVIN
    Witmess: M/ MERAS  
    Witness: Mendel MER 
    Place Recorded: Linkuva district 
    Year Recorded: 1922 
    Record Type: Marriage 
    Record # 4 and 9 (duplicate records) 
    Microfilm # Not filmed /  
    Archive: LVIA/1817/1/175  
  2. 2.0 2.1 LitvakSIG, Lithuanian Jewish Special Interest Group of JewishGen, (accessed March 10, 2017), free membership required, includes the following passport application record:
    Day Month Year: 4 June 1921
    Address: Linkuva
    Town: Linkuva
    Uyezd: Siauliai
    Name: SOCHENAITE / [SHOKHEN], Hoda
    MaritalStatus: single 
    Passport# 612211/3196
    Record Type: Internal Passport Application - List Only
    Archive/Fond/Inventory/File: LCVA/1624/4/47
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Lithuania, Josef Rosin, Linkuva Chapter, (accessed March 31, 2017).
  4. 4.0 4.1 First Name Translator, Jewish Gen, language converter for Hebrew, Yiddish, European languages, and United States versions of first names, (accessed March 1, 2017).
  5. 5.0 5.1 LitvakSIG, Lithuanian Jewish Special Interest Group of JewishGen, (accessed February 27, 2017), free membership required, includes the following birth record:
    Name: SOKHEN, Khaia Golde
    Father: Sharia
    Paternal Grandfather: Mordkhel
    Mother: Mikhle 
    Birth Date: 2/6/1898
    Hebrew Date: 24 Sivan
    Town: Linkuva  
    Uyezd: Panevezys 
    Guberniya: Kaunas 
    Comments: Family from Pasvalys
    Recorded: Linkuva 
    Year: 1898 
    Record: # F9 
    Microfilm: Not filmed/ 
    Archive: LVIA/1226/1/2193 
  6. 6.0 6.1
    • Yad Vashem, Jewish residents of Latvia, record for Hode Sochen, (accessed March 15, 2017).
    • Yad Vashem, Latvian census list, record for Hode Sochen, (accessed March 15, 2017).
  7. 7.0 7.1
    Address: Bauska 
    Town: Bauska 
    Uyezd: Bauska 
    Name: HAIT / [HAIT], Leiba
    (Maiden Name):
    MaritalStatus:
    Father:
    Relationship to Head of Household: Head of household
    Age: 6-Mar-1862
    Place of Birth: Birzai
    Left:
    Reason Left:
    Passport#
    Occupation: tradesman
    Comments: German Passport Nr. 19864 issued in Bauska 17-Oct-1918 is in the file. 
    Record Type: Foreign Passport Application 
    Archive/Fond/Inventory/File: LCVA/383/15/562
    Address: Bauska 
    Town: Bauska 
    Uyezd: Bauska 
    Name: SOCHENIENE / [SOKHEN], Hode
    (Maiden Name): (HAITAITE / [HAIT])
    MaritalStatus: married
    Father: Leiba
    Relationship to Head of Household: Daughter
    Age: 10-May-1899
    Place of Birth: Vecsaule, Bauska Uyezd, Latvia
    Left:
    Reason Left:
    Passport#
    Occupation: housewife
    Comments: Personalausweis Nr. 13929 issued in Bauska 28-Oct-1918 and Certificates of citizenship issued by Lithuanian representatives in Bauska 17-Apr-1920 and in Riga 19-Feb-1921 are in the file. Personalausweis Nr. 13929 issued in Bauska 28-Oct-1918 is in the file. Her mother's name was Khana.
    Record Type: Foreign Passport Application 
    Archive/Fond/Inventory/File: LCVA/383/15/562
    SOCHENAITE / [SOKHEN], Lena
    Father: Jacob 
    Relationship to Head of Household: Granddaughter
    Record Type: Foreign Passport Application 
    LCVA/383/15/562 

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Collaboration

Hode is 33 degrees from Amy Gilpin, 29 degrees from Joshua Slocum and 33 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Linkuva, Lithuania | Holocaust Fate Unknown