Christopher Sholes

Christopher Latham Sholes (1819 - 1890)

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Christopher Latham Sholes
Born in Mooresburg, Montour County, Pennsylvania, USAmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in Milwaukee, Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, USAmap
Profile manager: Erin Casner private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 4 Mar 2009
This page has been accessed 12,849 times.

Categories: Computer History | Wisconsin Inventors | Unconnected Notables of the United States of America | Pennsylvania, Unconnected Profiles | Wisconsin, Unconnected Profiles | Liberty Township, Montour County, Pennsylvania | Milwaukee, Wisconsin | Forest Home Cemetery, Milwaukee, Wisconsin | Notables.

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Biography

Parents - Orrin Sholes (1789-1866) & Catherine Cook (1788-1826)

Paternal Grandparents -Cyrus Sholes-4 & Bridget Latham

In the early 1860s, President Lincoln appointed Christopher Latham Sholes to serve as the customs collector for the port of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. This position gave him sufficient leisure time to pursue a hobby, inventing.

With the help of two inventor friends, Sholes spent a few years building and patenting a machine for numbering the pages of books. The idea of a machine that would help people communicate with clarity must have appealed to Sholes. Many typing machines had come before.

In 1867, Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soulé invented the first practical mechanical typewriter machine. They had worked on it since 1866.

It took 52 attempts at the invention, but they were the first to succeed in making a practical, workable model.

In 1873 Remington Arms & Sons mass produced the Sholes & Glidden typewriter. Sholes finally sold out to Philo Remington for $12,000 in 1873.

In 1874, a Remington Model I sold for $125.

There was also the Sholes keyboard, called the QWERTY keyboard because of the ordering of the first six keys in the third row. On the original Sholes keyboard, there was no key for the number '1', because the inventors decided that the users could get by with the letter 'l'. There was no shift key, the first typewriters could only type upper case letters. The first shift key typewriter didn't appear on the market until 1878.

Research Notes / Discrepancies

  • His Find-a-Grave memorial gives a different birth location of: Columbia County, Pennsylvania. It also gives his wife's name as Mary jane McKinney and lists two of his children: Clarence Gordon Sholes and Louis C. Sholes.[1]


Sources

  1. Find A Grave, database and images (http://findagrave.com : accessed 12 June 2017), memorial #7656870 for Christopher Latham Sholes (1819 - 1890) - Find A Grave Memorial.

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DNA
No known carriers of Christopher's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 2
Sholes Typewriter
Sholes Typewriter

Christopher Latham Sholes
Christopher Latham Sholes

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