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Henry (Sidney) of Penshurst KG (1529 - 1586)

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Sir Henry of Penshurst KG formerly Sidney aka Sydney
Born in Baynard's Castle, London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Ludlow Castle, Shropshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 30 Nov 2013
This page has been accessed 667 times.
British Aristocracy
Henry (Sidney) of Penshurst KG was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Henry Sidney was born on 20 July 1529,[1] probably at Baynard's Castle, London, England.[2]

Henry was the oldest son of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst, Kent, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Sir Hugh Pagenham, widow of Thomas Fitzwilliam.[1] Henry's father, Sir William, was tutor to and steward of the household of Prince Edward, later Edward VI King of England, who granted the manor of Penshurst to Sir William on 25 April 1552.[2] Henry's mother, Anne, died on 22 October, 1543, and his father died at Penshurst on 10 February 1553/4 and was buried there in the parish church.[2] Henry succeeded his father to Penshurst and the rest of the family's estates in 1553.[1]

Henry was the brother of:[2]

  1. Mary Sidney who married Sir William Dormer of Ayscot, Buckinghamshire;
  2. Lucy Sidney who married Sir James Harrington of Exton, Rutland;
  3. Anne Sidney who married Sir William Fitzwilliam of Milton, Northamptonshire;
  4. Frances Sidney who married, as his second wife, Thomas Radcliffe, third earl of Sussex;

Henry married Mary, the daughter of John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, later Duke of Northumberland, privately on 29 March 1551,[1] and later married publicly in Ely Place, Holborn.[2] Lady Mary was badly disfigured by smallpox which she caught while nursing the Queen, Elizabeth I of England.[2]

Henry and Mary had three son and four daughters:

  1. Sir Philip Sidney, born 30 November, 1554, godson of Philip King of Spain and England;[1]
  2. Robert Sidney (1563-1626), later first Earl of Leicester, married 23 September 1584 Barbara Gamage heir of the Glamorgan estate of Coyty;[3]
  3. Sir Thomas Sidney;[2]
  4. a daughter, died in infancy,[2] Mary Margaret Sidney?
  5. a daughter, died in infancy,[2] Elizabeth Sidney?
  6. Mary Sydney (1561-1621), their only surviving daughter,[2] married Henry Herbert, 2nd earl of Pembroke;[3]
  7. Ambrozia Sidney, died unmarried aged 20,[2] in Ludlow Castle on 22 February 1574 and is buried in St Lawrence's Church, Ludlow.[4]

Henry was a principal gentleman of King Edward's privy chamber, knighted on 11 October, 1550, chief cup-bearer for life, signed Edward VI's will leaving the crown of England to Lady Jane Gray, and Edward VI died in his arms.[2] However, Henry did not support Jane Gray, giving his support to Queen Mary the day after she proclaimed herself queen.[2] He was invested as a Knight of the Garter on 14 May 1564, by Elizabeth I, Queen of England.[1]

In 1567, he had an operation for stone in the bladder in Chester.[2]

Henry represented the Borough of Brackley, Northamptonshire, in Parliament in 1547, was the Knight of the Shire for Kent several times between March 1533 and 1572, was lord deputy of Ireland in the 1560s and 1570s,[1] and was president of Wales from 1559 until his death in 1586.[3] During his tenure in Ireland and Wales he took steps to preserve records in both places, in 1569 he ordered the acts of the Irish parliament to be printed for the first time.[2] In 1580, he was censured by Elizabeth I for not attending with enough vigour to the reformation of the recusants in Wales.[2]

Sir Henry Sidney of London and Penshurst, Kent, KG, died on 5 May 1586 at Ludlow,[1] and by order of the queen, his body was removed to Penshurst where he was buried in the chancel of the parish church on 21 June, while his heart was interred at Ludlow.[2] Lady Mary, his wife, was buried beside him on 11 August 1586.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Helen Miller, "SIDNEY, Henry (1529-86), of London and Penshurst, Kent", The History of Parliament: British Political, Social & Local History, Crown copyright and The History of Parliament Trust 1964-2014, ( 1964-2015), accessed 15 September 2015, .
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 Robert Dunlop, "Sidney, Sir Henry (1529-1586)", Dictionary of National Biography, Ed. Sidney Lee, LII Shearman—Smirke, (London: Smith, Elder, & Co, 1897), accessed 15 September 2015, pp.210-7.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Emeritus Professor Arthur Herbert Dod, MA, "Sidney, Sir Henry (1529-1586), of Penshurst Kent", Dictionary of Welsh Biography, ( ), accessed 15 September 2015, .
  4. Ambrosia Sydney, St Lawrence Church, Ludlow,, accessed 15 September 2015.
  • Wallace T. MacCaffrey, ‘Sidney, Sir Henry (1529–1586)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 24 Oct 2017

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On 13 Jun 2015 at 11:15 GMT Bob Tonsmeire wrote:

Sydney-7 and Sidney-118 appear to represent the same person because: Similar name, same parents, same dates

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