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Richard Simpson III (1723 - 1789)

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Col. Richard Simpson III
Born in Fairfax County, Colony of Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 1740 in Fairfax Co., VAmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Caswell County, North Carolina, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 31 Dec 2018 | Created 5 May 2011
This page has been accessed 1,199 times.



Captain Richard Simpson, Jr. (1723-1786)

Captain Richard Simpson was a large plantation owner and one of the earliest settlers in what is now Caswell County, North Carolina. Source: Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, William S. Powell, Editor (Vol. 3, 1988) at 60-61. Caswell County, North Carolina Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions January Court 1786 Caswell County Will Book B, Page 103


Will of Richard Simpson:

In the Name of God Amen This twenty fifth day of November in the year of our Lord, One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty Three -- I Richard Simpson of the County of Caswell and State of North Carolina, being in health and sound memory do give and dispose of my Temporal Estate in manner and form following (Viz)

First. I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Susannah Burton, one Negro girl named Rinder, now in her possession, also Three Hundred Acres of Land on the waters of Stoney Creek, it being the same Tract whereon Her Husband David Burton now lives, to her and her Heirs forever.

Secondly. I give and bequeath unto my Daughter Keziah Buchannon (widow) one Negro girl named Bech, also all my land in the County of Kentucky in the State of Virginia to her and her Heirs forever.

Thirdly. I give and bequeath unto Margrett Williamson wife of Jeremiah Williamson, one Negro girl named Cate, also the Tract of Land whereon the said Williamson now lives, it being the Land I purchased of Nathaniel Hart lying on Horsley's Creek, to her and her Heirs forever.

Fourthly. I give and bequeath unto my son Richard Simpson the Manner Plantation whereon I now live, with all my lands adjoining the same, also all the rest of my different Tracts in the aforesaid County of Caswell, and County of Orange, not before or hereafter bequeathed, together with Negroes Mingo, Jack, Isham, Moll, London, Tom, Jean and Rachel, one Silver Watch, one double Riffel Gun, together with all my household furniture, and Stocks, of all kinds, to him and his Heirs forever, not otherwise bequeathed in this will.

Fifthly. I give and bequeath unto my Grand Daughter Priscilla Poston, when she arrives to lawful age, or marriage, one Likely Horse, and side saddle, to be paid by my son Richard Simpson, to her and her Heirs forever.

Sixthly. I give and bequeath unto my Daughters, Elizabeth Oldham, wife of Jesse Oldham, Sarah Hart, wife of Nathaniel Hart, Mary Ann Harris, wife of Tyree Harris, Lydde Tate, wife of Zacceus Tate, Ede Nunn, wife of William Nunn, and Nancy Tate, wife of Waddy Tate, one Shilling each, to them and their Heirs forever.

Seventhly. My will and desire is that my beloved wife Mary have a Sufficient Maintenance during her natural life out of the Estate bequeathed to my son Richard Simpson.

Eightly and lastly, I nominate, constitute and appoint my son Richard Simpson, my beloved wife Mary, and son-in-law David Burton to be Executors of this my last will and Testament. In Testimony whereof I have hereunto set my Hand and affixed my seal the Day and year above written.

/s/ Richd Simpson (Wax Seal)

Testators: John Williams, Jesse Oldham, Andres Huse Proved: January Court 1786 by John Williams, Esq. transcribed by Grant Pinnix _____________________ Caswell Co., NC Will Book B, p. 103[1]



Mary Kincheloe married Richard Simpson, Jr. and they were living in Essex County, Virginia February 8, 1767 when their daughter, Keziah, was born. In 1857, Keziah Simpson Reid told the following to her granddaughter, Annie Maurice Smith, an 18 year old girl:

"When Daniel Boone was enlisting settlers to move to Kentucky, Richard Simpson, III, Keziah's older brother, decided the future would be more profitable if he moved his family to Kentucky. Their sister Sallie had married Nathaniel Hart in 1760 and the Harts had lived at their country seat "The Red House" in Caswell County, North Carolina from 1760 until their removal to Kentucky in 1779. Nathaniel Hart and William Henderson bought Kentucky from the Cherokee Indians in 1775. Captain Nathaniel Hart was killed by Indians in sight of Fort Boonsboro on August 19, 1782. Children of Sallie Simpson and Nathaniel Hart were: Susanna, 1761-1833, who married Isaac Shelby, first governor of Kentucky; Mary Ann; Keziah; Chinoe; Nathaniel, who married Susanna Preston; John; Simpson; Cumberland and Richard Green."

Keziah Simpson went with her brother and his family to Kentucky and in 1873 married William Buchanon, who was killed by Indians soon after their marriage. Keziah's siblings were: Sallie Simpson, who married Nathaniel Hart; Bettie Simpson, who married Jesse Oldham; Richard Simpson, III, who married Henrietta Williams; Lydia Simpson, who married Richard Tate; Eda Simpson, who married William Nunn; Nancy Simpson, who married Waddy Tate; Frankie Simpson, who married Jerry Poston; and Mary Ann (Mollie) Simpson, who married Tyree Harris as his second wife. Tyree Harris was born April 8, 1728, son of Major Robert Harris and Mourning Glenn. Tyree married first, Elizabeth Chapman. He was born in Albemarle County, Virginia, but moved to Caswell County, North Carolina. He and Mary Ann had a daughter, Lydia Harris, who married Robert Brown. They were parents of Tyre (called Tary) Harris Brown, who settled in Tulip, Arkansas. Tyre H. Brown married Martha Bethel, daughter of John Pinkney Bethel and wife, Sarah Smith (died 1858) natives of North Carolina, but resided in Shelby County, Tennessee many years. Tulip was called Brownsville for Tyre Brown. From: Simpson-Reid by Mrs. T.H. Bowles


  1. Caswell County, North Carolina, Will Books 1777-1814: 1784 Tax List, Guardians' Accounts 1794-1819 ; And, Caswell County, North Carolina, Will Books 1814-1843 : Guardians' Accounts 1819-1847, 1850 & 1860 Census Mortality Schedules, Powers of Attorney from Deed Books 1777-1880 : Two Volumes in One. Genealogical Publishing Com; 1 June 2009. ISBN 978-0-8063-4714-1. p. 17–.


  • WikiTree profile Simpson-2453 created through the import of Richard CROMWELL 8Nov12.GED on Nov 8, 2012 by Gary Julian.
  • Simpson-7441 was created by Harry Harris through the import of HarrisMathewsMoselyKennedy from Georgia USA Post 1700_2016-01-16.ged.ged on Jan 16, 2016.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Richard by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Richard:

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On 25 Apr 2016 at 19:03 GMT Vicki (Harness) Clements wrote:

Simpson-7441 and Simpson-816 appear to represent the same person because: Same relationships, approx dates

On 4 Jul 2015 at 00:37 GMT Carol (Guinn) Jenkins Mrs wrote:

I descend from Elizabeth Simpson Osborn and I do not think she is the child of Richard and his wife Mary. Nor do I believe that Elizabeth married Jesse Oldham after her husband Thomas Osborn died. Richard married Mary in 1740. I think that Elizabeth Simpson who married the Osborn was born in 1732.

Also when checking the marriage of Jesse Oldham, he is marrying an Elizabeth Simpson, not Osborn as she would have been a widow. Contact me at my e-mail I would like more info as to where records are to prove one way or the other about Elizabeth Simspon Osborn. Thanks.

Richard is 13 degrees from Mags Gaulden, 10 degrees from Dennis Wilson and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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