Marie Sklodowska Curiewas a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize.
Marie Skłodowska-Curie was a Polish-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. In addition to being the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only woman to win in two fields, she is the only person who has won the award in multiple sciences.
Marie, nicknamed Manya, was the daughter of Władysław Skłodowski , a Polish math and physics teacher, and his wife Bronisława Boguska . She was the youngest of their five children. Marie's mother died when she was about 11. Her siblings were Zosia (died when Marie was 8), Józef, sister Bronislawa (Bronya), and sister Hela (Helena). Zosia was Marie's oldest sibling. Both Józef and Bronya, who married Dr. Diuski, became physicians.
The banns for the marriage of Pierre Curie and Marie Skłodowska were published at Sceaux, on the outskirts of Paris, on July 7 1895. The record gives Marie's middle name as Salomée. Pierre's father was Eugène Curie, and his mother was Sophie Claire "Dapoully". 
Together they became the parents of Irène Curie Joliot-Curie and Eve Denise (Curie) Labouisse, who wrote the biography of her mother, "Madame Curie" in 1937.
Maria Salomea (Skłodowska) Curie died 4 Jul 1934 in Sancellemoz, Passy, Haute-Savoie, Rhône-Alpes, France. She was sixty-six-years-old, and her death was due to leukemia caused by radiation.
Marie and Pierre Curie were originally buried in a cemetery at Sceaux with Pierre's parents, but in 1995, their remains were removed to the Panthéon, Paris, France. There she rests in a stone tomb.
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