Birth Record from Armed Forces Record
Marriage to Eliza J Cooper
. Marriage to Mary Jane Clifton
Residence in 1856
United States Census 1860 Marshall, Marshall, Iowa
Certification of Death
Thank you to Kitty Smith for contributions to this profile.
Military record in the Iowa thirteenth:
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On 5 Sep 2019 at 23:33 GMT David Elliott wrote:
WILLIAM A. WALKER, Major Commanding Thirteenth Iowa Vol. Infantry.
On the next day, July 22, 1864,â€”a red letter day in the history of the Atlanta Campaign and of the war,â€”the regiment again went into action, this time under the command of Colonel Shane. The desperate character of the fighting in that battle is best described by the official report of Colonel Shane, which is here given in full:
HEADQUARTERS THIRTEENTH IOWA VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN THE FIELD NEAR ATLANTA, GA., July 22, 1864,
To Lieut. O. D. Kinsman, A. A. A. C., Third Brigade, Fourth Division, Seventeenth Army Corps.
SIR, I have the honor to herewith submit my report of the part taken by this regiment in the battle of this day.
At 12 o'clock M. this regiment was in position on the extreme left of the Army of the Tennessee, and in support of the Eleventh and Sixteenth Regiments of Iowa Infantry.
Early in the morning of the 22d, company F had been detailed by orders from Colonel Hall, commanding brigade, as picket, and as soon as skirmishing commenced on the picket line, five more companies were detached by orders from brigade headquarters, two of which were deployed on the right of the Eleventh Iowa Infantry, two on the left of the Sixteenth Iowa Infantry, and one on the left of the Fifteenth Iowa Infantry, respectively supporting the flanks of those regiments, leaving but four companies under my command when the battle commenced.
Immediately after the commencement of the battle, and after it had become apparent that the enemy were approaching in heavy force in front and on each flank, I received orders to move my command to the rear and form in line on the west side of the works occupied by the first brigade, fronting east, from which direction the enemy were then approaching. This movement was made and position occupied in good order, but had just been completed when I was ordered to form in line facing to the south with my left resting on the rifle-pits, to repel the enemy approaching from the south; this movement was also made, but scarcely had been completed when the enemy attacked us in front and in heavy force on either flank.
Observing that they were getting into the rear and flank of the Fifteenth Iowa, which was on my right, and that regiment was falling back, leaving my whole line exposed to a front, rear, and enfilading fire, I ordered the command to retire by the left flank across the works, and to form on the north side, fronting west, to repel the anticipated assault of the enemy from that quarter. This movement was effected in comparatively good order, but owing to the numerous detachments, independent commands, and stragglers, which at that time thronged the road, my regiment was for a short time in some confusion; but order was soon restored, and we formed as directed, but not too soon, as the enemy were then within rifle range and approaching our position from two directions in heavy force, when a well directed fire from the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fifteenth regiments routed them in confusion and for the time being drove them from that part of the field. No sooner, however, had this been accomplished than the enemy were discovered approaching us from the rear in force, when the command was ordered to take position
on the west side of the rifle-pits, face by the rear rank, and repel the enemy attacking from the east. This position was soon occupied, and the enemy came on with shout and cheer, and a fierce and desperate hand to hand fight ensued. In a few moments the enemy were driven from the ground, and fled in disorder.
Their withdrawal from the front was but the signal for a renewed attack from the rear, when the command again crossed the rifle-pits, about faced, and contributed materially in repulsing the enemy for the third time. Thus the contest continued, until the enemy brought to bear on us, at short range, a battery, raking our whole line with grape and canister with terrible effect, when we received orders to take up the position occupied by us on the 21st, where we still are.
The two companies, A and G, detached in the beginning of the contest and posted on the right of the Eleventh Iowa, and the two companiesâ€”D and Kâ€”detached at the same time and posted on the left of the Sixteenth Iowa, have failed to report and I regret to say that, from all the information I have been enabled to obtain in regard to them, I am reluctantly led to the conclusion that about three-fourths of the men composing those companies were, while supporting and bravely fighting side by side with the Eleventh and Sixteenth regiments Iowa Infantry, killed or captured, including all the commissioned officers on duty with them at the time. Our loss in officers and men killed, wounded and missing was very heavy in proportion to the numbers engaged. In the engagement of the 21st, the regiment lost in killed, wounded and missing 94 enlisted men and 5 officers out of 400 officers and men engaged; and in this days battle our loss in killed, wounded and missing foots up at present 9 officers and 139 enlisted men out of 300 that went into the fight, among whom I regret to say was Major Walker killed, than whom a truer soldier, a cooler officer, a more steadfast friend, and more honest man did not live; his premature and early death has cast a gloom and a shadow over the regiment, and a vacancy has been created that but few men can fill so acceptably, so faithfully and successfully as he. Ever faithful, ever ready, he was always at his post, and was always the sameâ€”a soldier and a gentleman.
I cannot close this report without acknowledging my indebtedness to Adjutant Rood, Sergeant Major Myers, and the line officers of the regiment, who ably seconded and assisted in all the movements of the command, and who bore themselves throughout the trying scene as brave men and gallant officers.
And to the non-commissioned officers and enlisted men of the regiment too much credit cannot be awarded. Although repeatedly almost surrounded by overwhelming numbers, and subjected at times to a withering fire of grape, canister and musketry, not one man showed signs of wavering or despair, but on the contrary every man clenched his arms with a determination to repulse the enemy at all hazards.
JOHN SHANE, Colonel Commanding Thirteenth Iowa Volunteer Infantry
On 6 Sep 2017 at 20:34 GMT David Elliott wrote:
Smith, James M. Age 18. Residence Marshalltown, nativity Indiana. Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861. Mustered Nov. 2, 1861. Died of measles Dec. 23, 1861, St. Louis, Mo. Buried in National Cemetery, Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo. Section 51, grave 122.
On 5 Sep 2017 at 04:04 GMT David Elliott wrote:
Smith, Edwin. (Veteran.) Age 18. Residence Marshalltown, nativity Indiana. Enlisted Oct. 1, 1861. Mustered Nov. 2, 1861. Re-enlisted and re-mustered Dec. 15, 1863. Missing in action and taken prisoner July 22, 1864, near Atlanta, Ga. Mustered out July 21, 1865, Louisville. Ky.
He was in the H, 13th Iowa Infantry