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Mary (Smith) Knowlton (1634 - 1688)

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Mary Knowlton formerly Smith aka Kimball
Born in Englandmap
Wife of — married before in Ipswich, Massachusettsmap [uncertain]
Descendants descendants
Died in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts Bay, British Colonial Americamap
Profile last modified | Created 8 Apr 2011
This page has been accessed 1,556 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Mary (Smith) Knowlton migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640).
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Biography

According to the most recent research by John Brooks Threlfall in his book "Fifty Great Migration Colonists To New England & Their Origins" (1990) and in his NEHGR article (1988), Mary Smith was probably born in England about 1634 and died in Ipswich, Massachusetts on 20 Nove 1688.[1][2] She married first to Thomas Kimball of Ipswich before December 1658 in Ipswich, Essex, Massachusetts (when a daughter was born).[3][1][2] Her first husband Thomas was killed during King Philip's war and she and her children were held captive by the Indians.[3] After he was killed by Indians on the night of 2-3 May 1676 she married second to Thomas Knowlton on 17 May 1682.[1][2]

Identity of her parents

According to an 1897 genealogy, she was the daughter of a Thomas Smith and possibly of his wife Joanna _____, according to the following record:

"Dec. 8, 1687 Agreed with Richard Kimball of Bradford to allow unto him further keeping and providing for his grandfather Thomas Smith for the year ensuing £13."[4] According to this Joanna Smith had probably died during the year.

If Thomas Smith was Richard Kimball's grandfather, then Thomas was likely the father of Richard's mother. This must be the evidence for Mary's maiden name being Smith. Also:

"Nov. 18, 1686 Richard and Benjamin Kimball of Bradford did covenant to and with the Selectman of Ipswich that they would take Thomas Smith and his wife to Bradford to the house of Mary Kimball, widow of Thomas Kimball and provide their Meat, drink, washing, lodging, clothes and attendance with all things necessary for persons in such condition for the space of one year beginning at the date hereof, the price for a year to be £25."[5]

In 1996 Robert Charles Anderson in Great Migration: Immigrants to New England: 1634-1635 Vol 4 p 159 states that Thomas Kimball born about 1633 married by 1658 Mary Smith daughter of Thomas Smith who arrived 1638 to Ipswitch citing NEHGR 142:51-55.[3] Thomas Smith who arrived 1638 to Ipswitch can be cross-referenced to Robert Charles Anderson's 2015 work The Great Migration Directory: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1640 p 312. There Anderson cites ITR 44-45,[6] GMC50 385-89[2] and NEHGR Vol p 142:51-55.[7][1] NEHGR Vol p 142:51-55 refers to the Article "Thomas Smith of Ipswitch, Massachusetts" by John B Threlfall. Here we learn the Mary's father Thomas Smith appears in Ipswitch on April 9, 1639 when he was granted a house lot. This Thomas died in the Winter of 1681/2 in Bradford, Massachusetts at the home of his daughter Mary Kimball. His wife Joan[ah] died between 18 Nov 1680 and 9 Dec 1681.[1] He was listed as a shoemaker in 1669.[1] He should not be confused with the Thomas Smith of Lynn, Salem and Gloucester or the Thomas Smith of Newbury during the same period. This Thomas Smith was made a freeman in 1650 unlike the Thomas Smith of Lynn who was a freeman in 1633.[1] We do not know the birth date or origins of this Thomas Smith of Ipswitch but he must have been born by about 1610 based on the birth of his first grandchild. Court records seem to indicate he was born either about 1606 or 1612.[1] He and his wife, Joanah had two daughters: Mary (Smith) Kimball and possibly Sarah (Smith) Loomas.[1] On "November 18, 1680 Richard and Benjamin Kimball of Bradford did covenant to and with the selectmen of Ipswich that they would take Thomas Smith and his wife to Bradford to the house of Mary Kimball the widow of Thomas Kimball and provide their meate, drink, washing, lodging, clothes and attendance with all things necessary for persons in such a condition.[8] Administration of the estate of Thomas Smith of Ipswitch was granted unto "Mary & Richard Kemball" in the Essex County, Massachusetts, probate file (2578) in 1682.[9] A full inventory is given on Mary's father's profile.

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 The New England Historical & Genealogical Register, "Thomas Smith of Ipswitch, Massachusetts" by John B Threlfall Volume (Boston, Massachusetts: NEHGR, 1988) 142 p 51-55. Link Subscription Required
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 John Brooks Threlfall, Fifty Great Migration Colonists To New England & Their Origins (Madison, Wisconsin, 1990) 385-89 link
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration: Immigrants to New England: 1634-1635, (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic and Genealogical Society. Sep 1996) Volume IV, I-L p 159 link to purchase and link to Americanancestors subscribers to text
  4. History of The Kimball Family In America, p. 42, citing Salem records
  5. History of The Kimball Family In America, p. 42, citing Salem records
  6. Ipswich, Massachusetts, Town Records p 44-45.
  7. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Directory: Immigrants to New England, 1620–1640, (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic and Genealogical Society. June 2015) Smith, Thomas Unknown: 1638: Ipswitch p 312. link to purchase
  8. George Francis Dow, Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts, Volume 8 1680 - 1683 (Salem, Massachusetts: Essex institute, 1921) Date: November 1680, 8:44-45 link
  9. The Probate Records of Essex County, Massachusetts, (Salem, Massachusetts: The Essex Institute) Year 1682, Name Thomas Smith: Probate file 2578


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Mary by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Mary:

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Collaboration

On 18 Feb 2016 at 01:35 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Benjamin Kimball detached.

On 17 Feb 2016 at 14:43 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

What's the marriage to Benjamin Kimball about?

On 24 May 2014 at 13:14 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

(Anderson does not provide a maiden name for her.)

On 24 May 2014 at 10:27 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

Got it. I see what you're saying. Yes, let's detach Mary Smith, wife of Thomas Kimball, from THIS Thomas Smith. I'll go ahead and do that since I'm here, but we need to find the OTHER Thomas Smith who had a wife Joanna the previous generation.

On 24 May 2014 at 10:22 GMT Jillaine Smith wrote:

History of the Kimball Family (p 42) indicates that the Mary who married Thomas Kimball was daughter of Thomas Smith and his wife Joanna. The proof the book cites is quoted in the narrative here. According to Thomas Smith's profile here, he first married a Joanna, then Esther after Joanna's death. Is this correct? Or did two different Thomases get merged incorrectly? (I'll check out the NEHGR article you've cited below.)

On 23 May 2014 at 02:47 GMT Kitty (Cooper) Smith wrote:

Hi Jillaine, There wasa a large mess here and I am trying to fix the several mix ups. New England Historical and Genealogical Register Vol 110 p 202 offers different dates for this Mary, dau of Thomas and Esther. The article says Thomas was bc 1648 and Esther 1651, and that Mary was bc 1687 m ____ Kimball. Should we disconnect this Mary from Thomas and Esther Smith? I think their daughter was a different Mary Smith Kimball.



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Categories: Puritan Great Migration