Private in Company C of the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, the first regiment in the United States to enlist men of color during the Civil War. Enlisted on 21 March 1863 from Coatesville, Pennsylvania. He was about 18 years old, single and working as a farmer when he enlisted. Mustered out 20 August 1865 with his regiment.
He passed away in 1902 and is buried at Lindley Hill Cemetery in Downingtown, Pennsylvania.