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Sarah (Smith) Black (abt. 1730 - 1775)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Sarah Black formerly Smith
Born about [location unknown]
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in Sussex, Delawaremap
Profile last modified 11 Sep 2019 | Created 4 Sep 2019 | Last significant change: 4 Sep 2019
17:19: A Hayes added Nancy Black (abt.1762-aft.1775) as child for Sarah (Smith) Black (abt.1730-1775). [Thank A for this]
This page has been accessed 7 times.



Sarah was born perhaps around 1730. She passed away in 1775, leaving four children under the age of twenty one.

Slave Ownership

Four enslaved people are mentioned in Sarah's will

Harro (a woman)
Ummi (a woman)

These four people receive minor bequests from Sarah (dresses for Harro and Ummi; her late husband's workclothes for Adam (and Cato?). Sarah Black also directs that these four people remain "on the plantation" with her eldest son, William Black.

This is the first will in this Sussex 1751-1794 will book, the first one in 24 years of wills, to leave any kind of bequest to the African Americans named in the will.

Excerpts from Sarah Black's Will

This will makes references to enslaved people owned by Sarah Black and contains 18th century language about them.

Imprimis. I give and bequeath to my son William Black, one sorrel horse & saddle also his silver buckles & the best set of blacksmith’s tools.

Item. I give and bequeath to my two daughters Jane & Nancy my wearing apparel to be divided equally {obscured} also one tea table, my {obscured} looking glass in the same manner, except one of my –rst {worst?} gown & petticoat which I leave to Negro Harro & one old Gown to Ummi.

I give to my daughter J—(Jane?) – mare & my saddle, my buckels & one feather bed & furniture on her day of age or marriage.

I give and bequeath to my son George one colt.

I give and bequeath to my daughter Nancy one gold ring, one feather bed & furniture, when she is of age or marries.

I give and bequeath to my brother John Smith, one Great coat & a pair of boots.

I give and bequeath to my brother William Smith one pair of fine stockens [stockings], one jacket and breeches of the cloth now in the house, also the worst set of blacksmith’s tools and one hundred weight of iron provided he survive his present disorder, if not, to be and remain to my children.

I give and bequeath to Sophia Smith my double gown.

My will is that the negroes Adam, Hora, Ummi & Cato be & remain on the plantation with my eldest son William Black, under the bare & at the discretion of my Executor hereinafter mentioned – my further will is that my son William be bound apprentice to a blacksmith at the discretion of my Executor -- & one loom & tackle kept for the use of the children.

My will and desire is to have my other children born or to be born to the {obscured} and Discretion of my Executor to be schooled by him and brought up in a Christian manner. My desire also is that my son George be bound {obscured} to be a House Carpenter & Joyner & my daughters bound out in Sober & Christian families.

I leave to my Executor {obscured} Adam some of his Master’s work clothes.

I will & bequeath to my children the remainder of my Estate {obscured} share and share alike. I {obscured} appoint my uncle Barthuel Worthen(?) as Executor


  • Delaware, Wills and Probate Records, 1676-1971: Sussex: Wills, book B-D, 1751-1794, images 290, [1] accessed 4 Sept 2019.
Written 25 {obscured} 177?/ Proved: 18 February 1775
Heirs: children William, George, Jane, and Nancy Black; siblings John, William, and Sophia Smith; enslaved people Adam, Hora, and Ummi
Executor: Sarah's uncle Barthuel Worthen (or Watson?)
Witnesses:.John Haslet, Benton Smith, John Smith
Note: Will is very hard to make out; using the Will Abstract available at, Will Abstracts Vol 1, image 291: [2] will help with names

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Categories: Sussex County, Delaware, Slave Owners