Christopher Smith

Christopher Smith (abt. 1591 - 1676)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Christopher "Immigrant" Smith
Born about in Englandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Stratford-On-Avon, Warwickshire, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Newport, Newport, Rhode Islandmap
Profile last modified | Created 31 Mar 2012
This page has been accessed 7,645 times.

Categories: Smith Family Brick Walls | England Family Brick Walls | Rhode Island Family Brick Walls | Smith Name Study | Smith Y-STR Group 18 | Rhode Island Quakers | Puritan Great Migration Adjunct.

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Christopher was a Quaker
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Christopher Smith is currently protected by the Puritan Great Migration Project for reasons described in the narrative.
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Contents

Biography

Vol I Page 286 and 744 does not list Alice as a child of this couple.

From "List of One Hundred and Fifteen Colonial Ancestors." Eighth in descent from Christopher Smith (...-1676). Deputy to the General Court of Massachusetts, 1655. Chosen sergeant at Providence, Rhode Island, 1655.[1]

Need to get this book: CS71.S643 2003 Ancestry & descendants of Judge Rufus Biggs Smith 1854-1923: a descendant of Immigrant Christopher Smith of Providence, RI by Harrison Black

New England Families, Genealogical and Memorial By William Richard Cutter Vol. 1 p 474

Christopher Smith, a member of the Society of Friends in Providence, who died in June, 1676, in Newport, having removed to that town for safety during the Indian wars, with many others in the outlying districts of Providence. He was taxed3 shillings and 4 pence in Providence, September 2, 1650, was a freeman, April 27, 1655, and juryman in the same year. He was granted a share of the meadows, March 16, 1656, to be laid out in the meadows called "World's End,"in lieu of a share formerly laid out to him beyond the great meadow. He took up sixty acres of land and a share in the meadows, July 7. 1658, and in a division of lands, February 19, 1665, he drew lot No. 25. He subscribed to the oath of allegiance,June I, 1667. He sold twenty acres of land, August 21, 1660, and another parcel, November 28, 1672. His wife Alice survived him about five years, dying in 1681. Children: Susanna, died 1692; Thomas, mentioned below; Benjamin, born 1631,died December 23, 1713.

"A History of the Episcopal Church in Narragansett, Rhode Island" By Wilkins Updike, James MacSparran, 2nd edition, 1907 "Christopher Smith." Vol I p. 579

"The date of Christopher Smith's birth is not known. He first appeared upon the records in Providence, September 2, 1650, when he was taxed 3s.4d. He was granted or took up several tracts of land, and married a wife named Alice,having by her four children, of whom Susannah, who became Mrs. Lawrence Wilkinson, was the eldest. At the time of the breaking out of King Philip's War Mr. Smith took refuge in Newport, dying there soon afterwards, in June, 1676. He is called, inthe Friends' records of that town, "an ancient Friend of Providence." "

CHRISTOPHER, Providence, in the list of freem. there 1655, had d. Susanna wh. m. Lawrence Wilkinson; engag. for alleg. to Charles II. June 1668. In 1672, his w. was Alice; but what was her fam. name, or whether she were first, sec. or later w. is unkn.[2]

"Christopher Smith, immigrant ancestor and progenitor, was a native of England, whence he came to the American colonies at a date unknown. He is first of record in Providence on September 2, 1650, when he was taxed three shillings, fourpence. In 1655 he was admitted a freeman, and on April 27 of the same year served as juryman. On March 16, 1656, he was granted a share of meadow to be laid out beyond the meadow called World's End, in lieu of a share formerly laid out to him beyond Great Meadow and Pawtuxet Path. On July 27, 1658, he took up sixty acres and a share of meadow. On February 19, 1665, he drew Lot 65 in a division of lands. On June 1, 1667, he subscribed to the oath of allegiance. On August21, 1668, he and his wife, Alice, sold Asten Thomas twenty acres. On November 28, 1672, he and his wife sold to Shadrach Manton a parcel of lowland. Christopher Smith went to Newport at the outbreak of King Philip's War, and died there in June, 1676, as declared by the records of the Society of Friends, which call him an ancient Friend of Providence. The surname of his wife, Alice, is not known."[3][4]

From the Ancestry of Emily Jane Angell:[5]

The earliest mention of Christoper in the Providence records was 3rd 9th month 1649 when he was one of six who might, by lot, receive Mris Lea’s lot. [6]
Christopher was a juror in 1652, 1655 and 1656.[7] He volunteered “to ye good example of all yonger Persons” to help the constable return a prisoner to the constable at Secunck
Christopher swore his allegiance to KIng Charles II, 30 May 1667[8] and was on a list of freeman 4 May 1669[9] although he had, evidently, been a freeman a long time before that.
There are many land transactions in his name in the Providence records. He received grants, bought, sold and traded property. He signed his name to many of the deeds. Alice his wife made a mark.[10]
There were 19 men on a June 1652 rate list. Christopher and 4 others paid the second to top rate of L1. 10.00. Most of the list paid 4s.0d.[11] June 1671, he paid a rate of 5s, his son Edward paid 10s.[12]
In 1676, Christopher and Alice’s house was burned down by Indians.[13] He is believed to have evacuated to Newport prior to the attack. He died there within a few months

Death

"SMITH Christopher, an "ancient Friend," Providence, died at Newport, June -, 1676."[14][15]

Note: "ancient Friend" in Quaker terms is used to describe the first generation of Friends. Glossary of Quaker Terms and Phrases

Burial

Gravesite is unknown but said to be in Newport, Rhode Island. [16]

Officials from the Newport Historical Society state:

"Smith's burial is only known through the Friends records..." and ..."there is no physical evidence of it that I've been able to find."

"If Smith was buried in Newport, the two Friends burying grounds that he could have been interred in are Clifton/Golden Hill and Friends. He could also have been buried in the Common Ground or perhaps in the family burying ground of a friend. If he was a Quaker his grave was probably either unmarked or marked with a simple field stone."

and

"There is no day of the month in the Quaker records. His burial place is not known and there were no local stone cutters in Newport at that time."

Religion and church excommunication

He may have been a Seeker[17], but he later became a Quaker, and relocated to the religious freedom offered in Providence, Rhode Island. In August 1625, he was accused of adultery and removed from his church position in Stratford Upon Avon. My assumption is that the church wanted this free-thinker out of their church. This email from Bob Bearman in Stratford Upon Avon is the only documentation I have on this episode (Cooper-1 14:10, 10 June 2017 (EDT)):

At this hall the company, upon taking into consideration that Christopher Smith hath much wronged this company & disgraced them, not only by his heinous offence in committing adultery but also in that he hath refused to be censured by the judge of our peculiar jurisdiction, appealing to the court of Worcester thereby weakening our liberties of this borough, as we conceive it, contrary to his duty, wherefore they have removed him from the place of a principle burgess and service in this place and for that he standeth excommunicate and will not submit himself to the law. Council Book B, 7 September 1625.

From that email, "The ‘peculiar jurisdiction’ is a reference to the Stratford-upon-Avon church court, whose authority Smith refused to recognize. Instead he appealed to the bishop’s court at Worcester (Stratford was in the Worcester diocese). He had been chosen a capital burgess on 18 April 1623. Earlier he had been aletaster (1617) and then one of the constables (1618-19). He was also churchwarden, from 1623 to 1625."

DNA

Immigrant Ancestor of yDNA group NE18 father Christopher Smith (c1591 ENG-1676 Newport, Rhode Island) m Alice Gibbes on SmithConnections Northeastern DNA Project.[18]

Sources

  1. Cadle, Harriet Swan. List of one hundred and fifteen colonial ancestors of Cornelius Cadle : Muscatine, Iowa, member Missouri Society of Colonial Wars Muscatine, Ia. Mrs. Charles Francis Cadle, c 1909.
  2. Savage, James. A Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England Showing Three Generations of Those Who Came Before May, 1692. Vol. I-IV. Boston, MA, USA: 1860-1862. Vol. IV p. 111
  3. History of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations: Biographical. NY: The American Historical Society, Inc. 1920 transcript at Rhode Island USGenWeb Project.
  4. Bicknell, Thomas Williams. The history of the state of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. Biographical Vol IV. p. 413 New York, The American Historical Society, 1920
  5. Source: #ERTP info
  6. Source: #ERTP II:42
  7. Source: #ERTP 1652 p.63; 1655 p. 80/1; p. 94 1656
  8. Source: [#ERTP] III :102]
  9. Source: #ERTP XV:73
  10. Source: #ERTP I:55-6, II:99, III:14, III:123, III:128, II: 18, III:72, III:245, IV:46-7, IV:65, XX:265-7, V:326-8, IV:15-6 IV:12, II:102,
  11. Source: #ERTP XV:63
  12. Source: #ERTP XV:135
  13. Smith and Sanborn cite Correspondence of Roger Williams 2:721
  14. (Town Page Detail: Monthly Meeting 1676 Providence, Rhode Island, United States)
  15. Arnold, James N.. Vital record of Rhode Island, 1636-1850, first series, births, marriages and deaths : a family register for the people. Vol VII. "Friends and Ministers." Providence, R.I.: Narraganset Historical Publishing Co., 1891-1912. p. 121 Accessible at Ancestry.com ($)
  16. https://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=50836614 Findagrave# 50836614
  17. Seekers on Wikipedia The Seekers, or Legatine-Arians as they were sometimes known, were an English Protestant dissenting group that emerged around the 1620s, probably inspired by the preaching of three brothers – Walter, Thomas, and Bartholomew Legate. Seekers considered all organised churches of their day corrupt and preferred to wait for God's revelation. Many of them subsequently joined the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).
  18. SmithConnections Northeastern DNA Project, haplogroup Rb1 NE18 Christopher Smith.

Note

There are several Smiths that were members of the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-Upon-Avon in the late 1500s. It is strictly a guess, but I wonder if William Smith that married Elizabeth Comton alis Symys on May 15, 1585 might be Christopher's parents. This guess is only based on timing of his birth c1591 and that Christopher named his first born William. More research needed. The registers of Stratford-on Avon, in the county of Warwick, page 12

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Jan Fillingim, Dale Burdick, Linda James and Kitty Smith for contributing to this profile.



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Christopher by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 3
Christopher Smith, The Immigrant.
Christopher Smith, The Immigrant.

Marriage record for Christopher Smyth and Alis Gibes
Marriage record for Christopher Smyth and Alis Gibes

Trinity Church from the river Stratford-on-Avon England
Trinity Church from the river Stratford-on-Avon England

Collaboration

On 5 Jul 2018 at 01:26 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Ancestor of Stephen Hopkins-2262, Governor of RI Colony and Declaration Signer.

On 7 Feb 2018 at 22:53 GMT Anne B wrote:

I'll change the project box tp PGM Adjunct, it will keep his ppp covered. Thanks Kitty. And if the Quakers would like him, that would be great PGM has plenty to share. :)

On 7 Feb 2018 at 18:20 GMT Kitty (Cooper) Smith wrote:

Michael, Christopher appears to have been a Quaker, but his children were not.

On 7 Feb 2018 at 18:17 GMT Kitty (Cooper) Smith wrote:

Hi Anne, First records are sketchy, but it appears his older children came before Christopher and his younger children. Mary was in Hartford by 1644. Simon was in Hartford by 1646. They may have come with Ephraim Huit in 1639. Joseph married Ephraim's daughter.

You can remove the PGM tag if you want, but we may need to add it back later.

On 7 Feb 2018 at 12:47 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Perhaps we should add him to the Quaker Project?

On 7 Feb 2018 at 12:44 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Anne, I think you are correct, not PGM based on the bio info.. Kitty has more knowlege on this than I.

On 7 Feb 2018 at 11:55 GMT Anne B wrote:

Is he actually Puritan Great Migration? First record in 1650.

note to myself. If he isn't neither are his children.

On 11 Jun 2017 at 00:38 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Awesome work Kitty, these kind of discoveries are what make genealogy so fun. Well done!

On 9 Jun 2017 at 16:04 GMT Kitty (Cooper) Smith wrote:

Hi Michael, Most recent research indicates that Christopher had one wife that he married in Stratford Upon Avon. His children listed are all based on baptismal records from Holy Trinity Church in Stratford Upon Avon. Matching yDNA tests for sons William, Simon, Joseph, Edward and Benjamin, together with the baptism records confirm this family. Please see the William Shakespeare article for details.

Thomas Smith's descendants are a different yDNA group (newest research), so together with the lack of baptism record, it is pretty clear that he was not a son of Christopher.

On 9 Jun 2017 at 13:20 GMT Michael Stills wrote:

Children with Alice according to sources appear to be Susannah, Thomas, Benjamin, and Edward. Thomas is missing

Apparently he was married twice before? No names given, other childen need sourced. (still working through other sources)

Updated: See wife for children, may need to be vetted for other wives?

more comments


Christopher is 13 degrees from Elinor Glyn, 16 degrees from Frances Weidman and 15 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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