Enoch Jones Smith

Enoch Jones Smith (abt. 1844 - 1879)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Enoch Jones (Jones) Smith
Born about in Maury County Tennesseemap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about (to ) in Van Buren County Arkansasmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Richlands, Stone County Arkansasmap
Profile manager: Deb Cavel private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 8 Oct 2015
This page has been accessed 518 times.

Contents

Biography

Birth date and place Enoch Jones Smith, called 'Jones' by the family, was born between 1841-1844 in Maury County, Tennessee; son of Lawson Henderson Smith and Priscilla LNU. His year of birth is reported variously on different documents.

The Smith farm straddled the county line, and was in both Maury and Hickman Counties TN. Though Enoch Smith gave his birthplace as Maury County on his Union Army Enlistment Papers, the family was always enumerated in the Hickman County TN census and tax lists.

1850 Federal Census District 77, Ripley, Missouri; Roll: M432_412; Page: 423A; Image: 286, Dwelling # 171, Family # 175 Household Members
Name Age
L H Smith 39 b NC
Preciller Smith 39 b SC
Pleasant Smith 17 b TN
John Smith 15 b TN
Sarah G Smith 13 b TN
Ruthy J Smith 11 b TN
Enoch J Smith 9 b TN
William H Smith 2 b KY
Elizabeth Smith 63 b SC (This is Lawson's mother Elizabeth Caziah Smith )

Disaster Strikes
In 1851 disaster appears to have struck the Smith family. From a household with a wife, six children and his mother in 1850, by 1852-53 only Lawson and his sons Enoch and William survive.

Losing so many family members in such a short period of time could have several potential causes; fire, food poisoning, weather, but one potential cause looms large.

A series of terrible Cholera epidemics swept around the world in in 1832 and again in 1849. In 1849, a major outbreak occurred in Paris, and other cities of the world followed like falling dominoes. In London, 14,137 people died from Cholera in 1849, over twice as many as the 1832 outbreak. It claimed 5,308 lives in the major port city of Liverpool, England, an embarkation point for immigrants to North America, and another 1,834 in Hull, England. [1] [2]

In North America Cholera took the life of former U.S. President James K. Polk. Cholera spread throughout the Mississippi river system, killing over 4,500 in St. Louis and over 3,000 in New Orleans. Thousands died in New York. Cholera was transmitted along the California, Mormon and Oregon Trails leading to as many as 12,000 deaths among those on their way to the California Gold Rush, Utah and Oregon in the cholera years of 1849–1855. The epidemic didn't hit the Midwest until 1851-52. But in some counties in the Midwest the population dropped by 35-50% due to deaths from Cholera. It is believed more than 150,000 Americans died during the two pandemics between 1832 and 1855. [3][4]

Lawson soon felt the need to leave the pain of Missouri behind. Their brother John had moved to Arkansas when he and Jacob had gone to MO, and Jacob had moved from MO across the border to Arkansas before the epidemic hit. So Lawson took his boys and moved to Arkansas, where he soon found himself keeping company with a woman as bereft as he was, who'd been left a widow with six children, one born eight months after her husband died. That darling baby girl was only a year old when they met. He must have missed having a house full of children, and his own boys needed the attention of a mother. By all accounts it was a good match, and his boys were happy.

1860 Federal Census Bell County Texas; Roll: M653_1288; Page: 341; Image: 210; Family History Library Film: 805288

L Smith                 M 48 North Carolina
Levina Smith F 39 Indiana
Jones Smith M 17 Tennessee
Wm Smith         M 12 Kentucky
Elizabeth Smith F 4 Arkansas
Henry Smith         M 2 Arkansas
Pricilla Smith F 2 Arkansas
Thos Crouch M 20 Arkansas
Levinia Crouch F 17 Arkansas
Casiah Crouch [sic] F 16 Arkansas
Wash Crouch    M 12 Arkansas
Andrew Crouch M 10 Arkansas
Susanna Crouch F 8 Arkansas

1863 Civil War - The Press Gang  Confederate Army - In March 1863 a Confederate Army "Press Gang" rounded up all the men fit for military service and marched them to Little Rock to serve in the Confederate Army. Jones Smith and Aaron Crouch were caught up in this involuntary enlistment. Their names are found on the March/April roll call sheet for three days in Little Rock, but they are then listed as deserters.

Third Arkansas Union Cavalry; Third Arkansas Union Cavalry ISBN 0-941765-18-0, 118 pages, In October Jones and William Smith and Aaron and William Crouch enlisted in the Union Army, Company G, Arkansas 3rd Cavalry Regiment. Jones and Aaron served as wagoners for the duration of the war.
CROUCH, AARON
CROUCH, WILLIAM
SMITH, JONES
SMITH, WILLIAM

1863/Civil War Enlistment: 2 Oct 1863 • Conway County, Arkansas Age: 18 Enlisted in Company G, Arkansas 3rd Cavalry Regiment on 28 Oct 1863. (Union). SMITH, JONES Pvt - Enl 28 Oct 1863 in Conway Co, AR. Ht 5' 8", eyes blue, hair lt, complx fair, farmer, age 18, born in Maury Co, TN. Discharged 22 May 1865. [1]

The excerpt below fills in the blanks between our boys being "press-ganged" into the Confederate Army and volunteering for the Union. Of the names mentioned here, two were Smith relatives, Jones Smiths' grandmother Elizabeth was a Kizziar by birth and the Brashers/Breashers were cousins from Hickman Co TN who had moved west with the Smith family.

Spring of 1862 Southern recruiting officers rounded up a group of men from along the Blakely, Moccasin and Blocker creeks [Note: Near Hot Springs Arkansas, in Garland County] for induction into the Southern Army, men who sympathized with the North. They were taken to the southern part of the state and at a given time, this group deserted under the guidance of Mike Blocker, a member of the group who had some knowledge of the land.

They worked their way through swamps, cane brakes and back country until they finally reached home. Meantime, a movement was started in the northern part of the state for Union sympathizers to organize into troups and resist. Contact had been made with men of like feelings in northern Montgomery County and the area from Cedar Glades and east and north through the Blakely sector.

A Federalist camp was established on the headwaters of Blocker Creek, east of Pilot Knob of Blue Ouachita Mountain. Some of the names that figured among the Unionists were: Fisher, Kensey, Bledsoe, Caldwell, Vaughn, Muse, Blocker, Speer, Breshears, Phillips, Kizziar, and Irons. *[most of these are allied families]* The number reached 30 and it was decided to move northerly through the mountain trails and establish contact with a group of Federalists in the vicinity south of Dardenelle.

This was a group of Union Irregulars who were cooperating with the efforts of the Regular Union Troups trying to move down the Arkansas River. They were also some help against units of the Confederacy moving up from Yell and Montgomery Counties. About 2 days after joining ranks with the Feds, the men from Blakely participated in a skirmish north of Plainview. As Union irregulars they were forced to operate on their own most of the time. A number of skirmishes were fought from Dardenelle south to Cedar Glades. When Little Rock was taken by Feds, a US Government was set up and most of the men from central Arkansas were formally inducted into the 4th AR Cav Vols USA under Col Lafayette Gregg. Others were in 3rd AR USA under Col Abraham Ryan.
Report by Col John M Clover, 3rd Missouri CAV
Series 1...VolXXII...Part 1...page 503v
Published in the Hot Springs History

Military

National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System: http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss
Name: Jones Smith
Side: Union
Regiment State/Origin: Arkansas
Regiment: 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry
Company: G
Rank In: Private
Rank Out: Private
Role: Wagoner 
Film Number: M383 roll 3

Marriage: Izard County, AR Enoch Jones Smith married Kizziar Crouch. Kizziar was the daughter of Lavina Cox Crouch and her first husband John Crouch. Lavina's 2nd husband was Lawson H Smith, father of Enoch Smith. Enoch and Kizziar were step-siblings.

Kizziar.

Children of Jones and Kizziar

Mary Levina Smith was born on August 15, 1869, in Fort Smith, Arkansas. She married William Henry Seeley. Mary Levina Smith Seely died in September 1942 in Duncan Oklahoma. Buried at Old Velma Cemetery, Velma, Stephens County, OK.
Mary Seely Family.
John William Wesley Smith was born on August 6, 1873, in Izard County, Arkansas. Died May 11, 1932. Buried Old Velma Cemetery, Velma, Stephens Co, OK. William married Mattie Carter (also known as Martha Leona "Mattie" Carter) 17 May 1896 in Ardmore, Carter Co., Oklahoma (from Oklahoma Select Marriages, 1870-1930)
William Wesley's family.
Mahala A. Smith was born in 1875 in Arkansas. Her death before age 7-8 years is assumed based on the fact that Josephine and her twin sister Eliza born in 1878 did not have any memories of Mahala at all, so she must have died when they were very young.
Priscilla Josephine Priscilla Josephine "Josie" Smith was born on March 3, 1878, in Witt Springs, Stone County, Arkansas. Josie married Frederick Francis Cavel. She died 28 February 1955 in Duncan, Stephens County OK.
Fred Cavel and Josie Smith Wedding Portrait
Eliza Ann Smith was born on March 3, 1878, in Witt Springs, Stone County, Arkansas. She married James W. Seely and died on the 1st of February 1928 in Velma, Stephens County, OK.
Eliza's family.

1870 Federal Census; Holley, Van Buren, Arkansas; Roll: M593_66; Page: 41A; Image: 82; Family History Library Film: 545565; Dwelling #18, Family # 18
Household Members
Name Age
Jones Smith 24 b TN
Keziah Smith 24 b AR
Vina Smith 1 b AR
Jacob Smith 12 b AR twin [note: Jacob was half-brother to both Jones Smith and his wife Kizziar Crouch Smith]
Sylla Smith 12 b AR twin [note: Priscilla was half-sister to both Jones Smith and his wife Kizziar Crouch Smith]

Death Enoch died on September 18, 1879, in Turkey Creek, Stone County, Arkansas, at the age of 38, and was buried at Finch Cemetery, Stone County Arkansas, which is near Turkey Creek. Mortality Census states the cause of death was paralysis of seven days duration. [Note: This family has a history of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis] https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/6729/hypokalemic-periodic-paralysis .

Enoch Jones Smith had a history of recurring episodes of profound, but temporary, paralysis described in detail by his granddaughter Susan Kizziah Lawson. It was during one of these paralytic episodes that he died, lying on a cot on the front porch.

Mortality Census

Arkansas Historical Commission; Little Rock, Arkansas; U.S. Census Mortality Schedules, Arkansas, 1850-1880; Archive Roll Number: 2; Census Year: 1879; Census: Richwoods, Stone, Arkansas; Page: 1 Name: Enoch Smith
Gender: Male Race: White
Marital Status: Married
Estimated birth year: abt 1842
Birth Place: Tennessee
Age: 37
Death Date: Sep 1879
Cause of Death: Paralysis of seven days duration
Census Year: 1880
Census Place: Richwoods, Stone, Arkansas, USA
Enumeration District: 196
LINE: 15

Probate Records

Administrators and guardians bonds and letters, 1873-1928; Stone County Arkansas. Clerk of the Circuit Court; Stone, Arkansas
Name: Enoch Jones Smith
Death Date: 18 Sep 1879
Probate Place: Stone, Arkansas

1882 - After she was widowed by Jones Smith, Kizziar married William Madison Carter on 26 Nov 1882 in Stone County, Arkansas.
This was a second marriage for both.
They had four children:
(1) Randolph Daniel Carter, born 1884, died 1959,
(2) Martha Elizabeth Carter, born 1886, died 1944,
(3) Nancy Smith (Parks), born 1887, died 1970,
(4) Octavia Smith (Talley), born 1890, died 1974.

'Death Kizziar died 15 April 1921 in Velma, Stephens County, OK.

Gravestone of Kisarah (sic) Carter

Photographed Primary Sources

Photographs are from members of the Smith, Cavel and Seely family. The photos of Kizziar Crouch Smith and of Fred Cavel and Josie Smith on their wedding day are in the possession of Deborah Cavel-Greant. The photos of Eliza and Mary Seely's families belong to Caroline Seely. The photo of William Wesley Smith's family belongs to his great-granddaughter Martha Smith. The stone was placed by descendant Ben Woods. Her grave is oddly placed, in the aisle between two rows of graves, where it is walked on all the time. It was not marked and its location had been forgotten until a group of her great-grandchildren went on an expedition to find it in 1981. There are no other graves in any of the aisles in this very large cemetery and the caretaker had no explanation for its placement. It is now marked with a flat stone so it won't be lost again.

Sources

[1] Johnson, Steven (2006). The ghost map : the story of London's most terrifying epidemic--and how it changed science, cities, and the modern world. New York: Riverhead Books. ISBN 1594489254.
[2] Charles E. Rosenberg (1987). The cholera years: the United States in 1832, 1849 and 1866. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-72677-0.
[3] Unruh, John David (1993). The plains across: the overland emigrants and the trans-Mississippi West, 1840–60. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. pp. 408–10. ISBN 0-252-06360-0.
[4] P.A. Blake (September 1993). "Epidemiology of cholera in the Americas". Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 22(3). 22: 639–60. PMID 7691740
http://www.couchgenweb.com//civilwar/3cavcog.html
1850 United States Federal Census
"United States Census, 1860", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MXFB-B39 : accessed 30 May 2016), Jones Smith in entry for L Smith, 1860.
1870 United States Federal Census
American Civil War Soldiers
Ancestry Family Trees
Arkansas Marriages, 1820-1949
Arkansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1818-1998
U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865
U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885
U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865
U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current
Personal knowledge passed on by his granddaughter Susan K Lawson Sept 1, 1981.

Acknowledgments

Thank you to Kitty Smith for contributions to this profile.



More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored by MyHeritage




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Jones by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Jones:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at MyHeritage DNA.



Images: 3
Enoch Smith Image 1
Enoch Smith Image 1

Gravestone of Kisarah Carter
Gravestone of Kisarah Carter

Probate document for Enoch Jones Smith
Probate document for Enoch Jones Smith

Collaboration

There are no public comments yet.



Jones is 20 degrees from Dave Rutherford, 20 degrees from John Wayne and 20 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

S  >  Smith  >  Enoch Jones Smith