Charles Smoke was born about 1831 in what is now Wisconsin, which was then part of Michigan Territory. (1900, 1905 censuses) The same year (1905), in the Wisconsin State census, he gave his age as 83, which implies that he was born in 1822. Given the penchant for exaggeration, and the age of his wife Jane (b. 1840), the later date is more likely.
The 1905 Indian census gives his Hocąk name as ZheeKah, which is for Žī́ga, "Brown", from žī́, "brown"; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names.
In 1900, his wife is Kate (b. 1844), but in the 1905 censuses, his wife is Jane (b. 1840). It appears that his first wife died before 1905, and he remarried. With Kate, he had at least the following children:
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