Mary (Snowball) Decorah
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Mary Pē’ūksīga (Snowball) Decorah (abt. 1863 - 1940)

Mary Pē’ūksīga Decorah formerly Snowball aka Buffalohead
Born about [location unknown]
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Wife of — married after 1905 (to 1914) in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
[children unknown]
Died in Wisconsin, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 9 Nov 2020
This page has been accessed 89 times.
Mary was Ho-Chunk.

Contents

Biography

Birth

Mary was born about 1863, probably in Wisconsin.

Name

Her Hocąk name was given as PayOokSeKah (1905 census), which is for Pē’ūksīga, "Yellow Brow Edge", from , "forehead, brow"; ’ūk, "the edge of something, as of a table top"; , "to be yellow, orange, brown"; and -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. This may be a Bear Clan name, since black bears have a yellow snout that begins just below their brow ridge.

Confusions About Paternity

The Wisconsin Historical Society suggests that Mary is the "daughter of Snow Ball [WauSooMonEKah] and [WaConChaWinKah]". Both these people can be found in the censuses. Wasu[hi]mąnįga ("Walking Hail") is Frank Snowball. (1905 #363) However, the 1905 census records individual #783, Frank A. Snowball with the Hocąk name of JumpCheKaRaKah (= Jąpjikerega, "Lightning that Flashes Suddenly"). This Frank Snowball was born in 1864, and was married to Mary Sine (b. 1873), who has the Hocąk name WauConChaWinKah (= Wakąjáwįga, "Thunder Woman"). On the other hand, Frank Wasu[hi]mąniga Snowball in the same census, but as individual #363, is married to Mary NaSeeMaKinWinKah. In any case, both these couples were born between 1860 and 1873, so they could hardly be the parents of Mary Pē’ūksīga (b. 1863).

Children

She had the following children with Tall Decorah (1905, 1914 censuses):

Anglo Name Clan Name Birth Order Name Dates
Grace Whitegull Wīhą́gā (Second Daughter) 31 December 1888 - 15 June 1963
Joseph Hųkįsgaga (White-haired Chief) 1892 - 14 January 1923
John Kerejųsepsgaga (White Blackhawk) Ną̄ǧíga (Fourth Son) 1896 -
Stella Buchanan Wiragošgewįga (Star Woman) Aksigáxųnųga (Fifth Daughter) 1898 -
Frank 1902 -
Carrie Oct. 1904 -

Tall Decorah, as well as Frank and Carrie, have disappeared by the 1910 census, and may be presumed to have died in the interim.

Confusion with Other Marys

The censuses present the wife of Tall Decorra as Mary S., which some unsourced genealogies have identified as Mary Swan. The 1937 census records Mary S. Decorah as a widow, but on the next line, it records the death of Mary Swan Decorah on 7 September 1938, and gives her birth date as 1874. The Mary S. married to Tall Decorra was born in 1862/3, revealing the abbreviated /S/ as likely standing for "Snowball".

There is another Mary Snowball who married Frank Redhorn on 2 Oct 1891 in Monroe County, Wisconsin. Frank was still married to a Mary in the 1900 census.

Death

She passed away November 20, 1940. (WHS)

Sources

  • 1905 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 9. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1910 Indian census; Roll: M595_671; Line: 9; Agency: Wittenberg. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1914 Indian census; Roll: M595_570; Line: 9; Agency: Tomah Indian School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1921 Indian census; Roll: M595_168; Page: 18; Line: 3; Agency: Grand Rapids. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • 1937 Indian census; Roll: M595_573; Page: 25; Line: 10; Agency: Tomah Indian School. Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M595, 692 rolls); Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75; National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  • WHS — Charles van Schaick, "Portrait of Elderly Ho-Chunk Woman", Wisconsin Historical Society, Image ID: 60612.


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Is Mary your ancestor? Please don't go away!
 star icon Login to collaborate or comment, or
 star icon ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com

DNA
No known carriers of Mary's ancestors' DNA have taken a DNA test.

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Images: 1
Mary S. Decorah
Mary S. Decorah

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.

Simplified.

Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.

S  >  Snowball  |  D  >  Decorah  >  Mary Pē’ūksīga (Snowball) Decorah

Categories: Ho-Chunk