Disproved: A promising record, the baptism of a George Soule, son of William, on 9 February 1595 at Tingrith, Bedford, along with other Soule families, using the name George, found in Sudbury, Suffolk, and Flitwick, Bedford, was disproved, through DNA. This recent testing has proven that the above families centered around Tingrith, Flitwick and Stotford, Bedfordshire, were not the same family as George, the Mayflower passenger.
Recent research suggests that George was probably born in Haarlem, Holland, about 1601, the son of Jan/John Sol/Sols/Solis/Soltz and wife Mayken/Mary (Labus/Labis). Jan and Mayken were Protestant refugees who were married at Austin Friars, London, England, 30 Aug 1586. They had seven children baptized in Haarlem, Holland, between 1590 and 1599.
More information on the search for George's ancestors is available at the Soule Kindred Website. Research by the Soule Kindred has been funded by a bequest with a directive for research in England.
The y-DNA group for George Soule is I1a, a Nordic family of northern Europe. Since 2005 Soule men have been tested with results shown on the Soule project housed with[FamilyTreeDNA.com.] Recently, three different SNPs were identified for the three sons of George with descendants. In 2019 the mitochondrial DNA from Mary Bucket, and thus her mother as well, was identified as H1g1, also with FamilyTreeDNA.com.
George Soule joined, probably in Leiden, a company of adventurers off to the New World. He was apparently associated as a printer's helper with Brewer, Brewster and Winslow. While his status is often given as a "servant" to relatively wealthy Pilgrim Edward Winslow, it would appear George and George's older brother Johannes were involved with Brewster and Winslow in the printing of "Perth Assembly" as Johannes died in a fire while boiling printing varnish [on a Sabbath! Tsk! Tsk!], probably in early 1619. Bradford and Brewster made out that the passengers on the Mayflower were all "poor English farmers"....as part of the deception designed to hide in plain sight the printer's crew from Leiden. Thus George, who was of an age to be a servant or apprentice, was placed with the printer he already knew: Winslow. The cover story indeed fit the visible situation. If someone can find an apprenticeship document, it would be a great gift as such document should name the apprentice's father! George was also given an 'English' spelling of his surname: from Sol to Sowle. Brewster used his patronymic name, William Williamson, to get out of Leiden in 1619 and onto the Mayflower. References to Master Williamson are documented in 1620 and only change back to "Bruster" in 1624 [when the King was sick and dying]. It would not do for the English harbormaster in 1620 to get any idea that there were Dutch persons onboard!! He might alert the King's men who were searching for Brewster and his printing crew!!
Shortly after the arrival of the Mayflower in New England, George and forty other men signed the Mayflower Compact, 11 Nov 1620.
George Soule received one acre of land, as a Mayflower passenger in the 1623 Plymouth land division, used as an incentive to produce more crops. His future wife Marie Buckett, passenger on the Anne, also received an acre.
Between the 1623 land division and the 1627 cattle division, George married Mary Buckett.
In 1627, the communal cattle was divided. George, his wife Mary, and son, Zachariah, were part of Richard Warren's group that were given a black heifer, known as the smooth horned heifer, that had arrived in the Jacob, and two she goats.
A freeman was given the right to vote on town and colony matters. George Soule's name was on the first list of freeman in Plymouth, 1 Jan 1632/3, and on a list 7 Mar 1636/7. Subsequently, his name was in the Duxbury sections of the 1639, 1658 and 29 May 1670 lists of Plymouth Colony freemen.
He was one of the forty-two "voluntaries" raised to fight the Pequot Indians on 7 June 1637, "but when they were ready to march ... they had word to stay; for the enemy was as good as vanquished and there would be no need."
Duxbury, Massachusetts, was part of Plymouth Colony. Officially it became a separate town in 1637. George was one of the first settlers along with notable people Myles Standish, William Brewster, and John Alden.
13 July 1639, George Sowle sold 2 acres of land in Plymouth to Robert Hicks for one steer calf.
George Soule became a relatively well-to-do leader, business man and office holder in Plymouth Colony. As early as July 1627, George Soule was one of a group of 58 "Purchasers or Old Comers" who assumed Plymouth Colony's debt to "The Adventurers," the promoters and captalists who financed the voyage of the Mayflower and other early ventures and expenses of the colony. In return, the group received profitable trading concessions in Maine, at Cape Ann, on Buzzard's Bay, and subsequently on the Connecticut River. The General Court voted 5 March 1639/40 to pay these "Purchasers or Old Comers" for the surrender of their patent. Land records show that he acquired extensive holdings in Duxbury, Dartmouth, Middleboro, Marshfield and Bridgewater, but resided only in Plymouth and Duxbury (or "Ducksburrow" as it was called originally).
George Soule was a solid and responsible citizen of Plymouth Colony and Duxbury. He was appointed Deputy (from Duxburrow) to the Plymouth Colony Court on 27 Sept 1642 (special deputy in case of war with the Indians), and several other times between then and 6 June 1654. George also served: Grand jury 7 March 1642/3, 6 June 1643; Jury 3 June 1656, 3 March 1662/3; Petit jury 1 June 1647; 4 June 1645. George and others viewed a lot to be laid out to Jonathan Brewster. Later that year, a group of men including George were nominated to equally divide and lay out a new grant of land in "Saughtuckquett." He was on a committee to draw an order concerning the disorderly drinking of tobacco 20 Oct 1646. and many other committees
George deeded land to his children before his death. Most of the deeds also mention wife Mary as giver or with her consent :
To Nathaniel 22 jan 1658 (acknowledged 3 July 1672)
To George Soule Jr. 17 July 1668, acknowledged by George and wife Mary.
To Francis Walker, husband to his daughter Elizabeth, on 23 July 1668, land at Namassakett, with consent of his wife Mary. 
To Patience Haskall, his daughter, and her husband John Haskall land at Namassakett, 26 Jan 1668 [1668/9]. 12 Mar 1668/9 George to Elizabeth wife of Francis Walker (wife mary relinquishing her dower rights.
George and Mary, 30 July 1672, sold for 80 pounds to John Paterson, Taylor, husband of his daughter Mary, land at Powderpoint in Duxborrow. This deed also mentions sons John and Zachariah
20 Dec 1667 George sold land in Bridgewater to Philip Bill, who had sold the land to his brother James Bill, who had sold it to NIcholas Byram.
George died before his inventory was taken 22 Jan 1679. His resting place is not known but a memorial stone was erected by the Soule Kindred in 1971 at the Miles Standish Burying Ground, Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, showing the death in Jan 1679/80.
Last Will & Testament Summary
Dated: 11 Aug 1677 Duxberry, Collonie of New Plymouth
Inventory: 22 Jan 1679 [O.S]; 1 Feb 1680 [N.S.] Valued at £40. 19. 0.
Note the newest edition (2015) of Mayflower Families in Progress incorrectly lists the inventory 22 Jan 1678/79, but still cites the Mayflower Descendant 2:81-84 (1900) which says 1680 new style ie. 1679/80
Mentions: previous deeds of land given to sons Nicholas and George and daughters Elizabeth and Patience; 12 pence a piece to daughters Susannah and Mary; and to eldest son John everything else, making him executor. The codicil is interesting. It states that if John or his heirs should "disturb" Patience, then John is no longer executor and everything he has from the estate is to be given to Patience.
Will of George Soule 11 August 1677
In the Name of God Amen
I Gorge Soule senir of Duxberry in the Collonie of New Plymouth in New England being aged and weake of body but of a sound mind and Memory praised be God Doe make this my last Will and Testament in Manor and forme following Imprimis I comitt my soule into the hands of Almighty God whoe Gave it and my body to be Decently buried in the place appointed for that use whensoever hee shall please to take mee hence and for the Disposall of my outward estate which God of his Goodnes hath Given mee first I have and alreddy formerly by Deeds under my hand and seale Given unto my two sonnes Nathaniel: and Gorge All my lands in the Township of Dartmouth; Item I have formerly Given unto my Daughters Elizabeth and Patience all my lands in the Township of Middleberry Item I Give and bequeath unto my Daughters Sussannah and Mary twelve pence a peece to be payed by my executer heerafter Named after my Decease; And forasmuch as my Eldest son John Soule and his family hath in my extreame old age and weaknes bin tender and carefull of mee and very healpfull to mee; and is likely soe to be while it shall please God to continew my life heer therfore I give and bequeath unto my said son John Soule all the Remainder of my housing and lands whatsoever to him his heires and Assignes for ever Item I Give and bequeath unto my son John Soule all my Goods And Chattles whatsoever Item I Nominate And appoint my son John Soule to be my sole Executor of this my last Will and Testament; and lastly I Doe heerby make Null and voyde all other and former wills and Testaments by mee att Any time made; and Declare this Instrument to be my last Will and Testament In Witnes wherof I the said Gorge Soule have heerunto sett my hand and seale this eleventh Day of August in the year of our Lord one Thousand six hundred seaventy and seaven;
Gorge Soule and a seale
The above Named Gorge Soule Did signe seale and Deliver this Instrument to be his Last Will and Testament in the prsence of us
The Marke D T of Deborah Thomas
Item the twentyeth Day of September 1677 I the above Named Gorge Soule Doe heerby further Declare that it is my will that if my son John Soule above named or his heires or Assignes or any of them shall att any time Disturbe my Daughter Patience or her heires or Assignes or any of them in peacable Posession or Injoyment of the lands I have Given her att Namassakett allies Middleberry and Recover the same from her or her heires or Assignes or any of them That then my Gift to my son John Soule shall shalbe voyd; and that then my will is my Daughter Patience shall have all my lands att Duxburrey And she shalbe my sole executrix of this my last Will and Testament And enter into my housing lands and meddowes att Duxburrow, In Witnes wherof I have heerunto sett my hande and seale;
Gorge Soule and A seal
The above Named George Soule Did Signe and seale to this addition in the prsence of us Nathaniel Thomas
The Marke D T of Deborah Thomas
Source: Will Book 4:1:50 followed by his inventory of p. 51.
Y-DNA Results I-A20032.Previous Y-STR testing through the Mayflower Society DNA Project and the Soule surname DNA project has indicated that the Mayflower Soule lineage belongs to the Y haplogroup I-M253, which is quite common in Northern and Northwestern Europe. NGS/WGS Testing: Big Y testing of multiple patrilineal (all male line) descendants of George Soule has been able to refine the haplogroup/clade of the Soule family to I-DF29>Z58>Z59>Z60>Z140>Z2535>S1954>S12289>A20032. Patrilineal descendants of George Soule have begun to identify their own subclades below A20032. Descendants of John have been found to be BY32573, descendants of Nathaniel have been found to be A20044 and descendants of George have been found to be YSC0000261.
↑ "Caleb Johnson Updates us on George Soule Research Efforts" Soule Kindred Newsletter, Fall 2017, Vol. LI No. 3.
↑ 2.02.1George Soule of the Mayflower and his Descendants for Four Generations. Originally compiled by John E. Soule and Milton E. Terry. Revised by Louise Walsh Throop. Mayflower Families in Progress. Seventh Edition. Plymouth: General Society of Mayflower Descendants, 2015.
↑ Morton, Nathaniel. New England's memorial. (Boston: Congregational board of publication, 1855) Originally published 1669.p. 26 Note: The original compact is gone. Morton furnished the earliest known list 1669 facsimile,
↑ 5.05.1 Pulsifer, David (editor). Records of the Colony of New Plymouth, in New England: Deeds, &c., 1620-1651. Book of Indian records for their lands. Vol 12 of series. (Boston: Press of William White, 1861. 1623 George p. 4, 1623 Marie p. 6, 1627 p. 12
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986," images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 376 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts. p. 245
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986," images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 306 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts.
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986," images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 307 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts.
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986,"images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 321 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts.
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986," images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 375 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts.
↑ "Massachusetts Land Records, 1620-1986," images, FamilySearch : 22 May 2014), Plymouth > Deeds 1651-1681 vol 2-4 > image 299 of 677; county courthouses and offices, Massachusetts.
↑ 22.022.122.2 "The Will and Inventory of George Soule."Mayflower Descendant: A Magazine of Pilgrim Genealogy and History. Boston, MA: Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, 1899- . (Online database: AmericanAncestors.org, New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010) Vol 2:81-84 Link at AmericanAncestors ($)
↑ Anderson, Robert Charles. The Pilgrim Migration: Immigrants to Plymouth Colony 1620-1633. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2004). p. 434
↑ Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633. Volumes I-III, 3 vols. (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.) p. 1706 Link at AmericanAncestors ($)
↑ 25.025.1 "Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Probate Records, 1633-1967," images, FamilySearch] : 20 May 2014), Wills 1633-1686 vol 1-4 > image 504 of 616; State Archives, Boston. This is the clerk's copy.
Plymouth Colony Court Records Vol. 6 Court Orders 1678-1691 p. 15
Plymouth Colony Court Records Vol. 7, Miscellaneous Records 1633-1689 (Vital records and burials; Treasury accounts, and Lists of freemen and others) Pg. 95, 174, 175, 189, 198 & Vol 8, Pg. 4, 27, 108, 193
Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation (Massachusetts Historical Society, 1856) p. 447 Mr Edward Winslow; Elizabeth, his wife; & 2. men servants, caled Georg Sowle and Elias Story; also a litle girle was put to him, caled Ellen, the sister of Richard More." p. 451 "... Georg Sowle, is still living, and hath 8. childrñ."
Bradford, William, 1590-1657. Of Plimoth Plantation: manuscript, 1630-1650. State Library of Massachusetts "List of Mayflower Passengers." In Bradford's Hand.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: