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Journal 7

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J.H. Watmuff Profile,
1 1859-1862 Bendigo, Dunolly, Sandy Creek (Tarnagulla), Loddon , (Mt. Hope Rush), Ararat, Chinamans Flat, Moonlight Flat, Mt William (trek with guide), Pleasent Creek (Stawell), Melbourne,
2 1859 Bendigo Melbourne 1862 Otago N.Z.
3 1863 Otago
4 1863 Otago to 1865 Melbourne,
5 1865-1866 Melbourne
6 1866-1869 Melbourne
7 1869-1870 Melbourne
8 1870-1876 Melbourne
9 1879-1881 Melbourne
10 1881-1882 Dribs & Drabs,
11 1884 Sydney & Misc.
12 Lusitania Voyage
13 Lusitania Voyage
14 Lusitania Voyage
15 Lusitania Voyage
16 and 17 England, letters and Journal,
18 Garonne return Voyage,
19 Resignations
20 (Journal 19) Mildura
21 (Genealogies)
22 (Spare)]
23 (Spare)]
24 (Spare)]
25 (Spare)]
J.H. & Bessie Watmuff's Photos
Olive Watmuff's Photos




Journal Kept By John Henry Watmuff Melbourne From March 28th.1869 to June 5th.1870



March 28th.1869
Weather very hot & oppressive & it is found that if the weather keeps so much longer that the country will be in a serious state A Govt proclamation has been issued for the population to observe the 2nd April as a day of fast & humiliation & prayer for providence to favor us with rain. I do not believe in set occasions for such purposes The ways of God are inscrutable & ordains everything for the best & I have no doubt that the present drought is of some good to man if we could only discover it This being Easter week & holiday time I have little to recount of interest except the manner I have spent my time when not engaged in business Monday evening I partly spent at Stewarts & in company with Miss Stone On arriving home I found my Bro’ Fred very ill with spasms. Dr Hewlit in attendance, I sat up with him all night towards morning he got a little better, but he remained very weak all the week & was unable to resume his work, he intends to make an effort on Monday morning Tuesday evening I spent at Mrs. Florauns Wednesday staid at home Thursday evening I went to Stewarts for a practice on arriving home commenced preparations for a picnic for the following day “Good Friday, morning very gloomy looking, toward noon turned out lovely, our party consisted of twelve ladies & the same number of gentlemen all old friends & acquaintances. We engaged Boats at Richmond



& landed at the Survey Paddock & after regaling ourselves on the good things we brought with us we spent the rest of the day in the most jolly manner possible – playing a variety of out door games, singing & flirting was enjoyed & indulged in to a dreadful extent. We had tea at Roberts Tea Gardens, & having engaged some Italian fidlers who appeared on the scene at 6 Pm we adjourned to a croquet ground where we danced till 10 Pm when all being pretty well tired, we embarked in our Boats & being a lovely night we enjoyed our pull down our pleasure was somewhat marred by a young lady Miss Stoddart fainting no less than 3 times on the way down, I fancy she must have over exerted herself - Miss Beezely stayd all night at our house & the following day, Saturday, with Bessie & Miss B. we went to town Spent the afternoon reading Tennyson’s “Idyles of the King” In the evening I met Miss S & enjoyed myself very much in a strool with her for an hour or two - Sunday morning I went to hear Mr Henderson - Mary & Clark spent the afternoon at our house after tea I went to St Peters Church, enjoyed the choral service, but was rather disgusted at the manner in which the Revd – Handfield intoned the service. I left before the sermon was finished, having had enough of High Church & Ritualism I called at the A.S. Baptist Chapel & met Miss Stone & walked home with her –



April 4th.1869
Weather been lovely the last few days, considerable quantity of rain having fallen doing a deal of good to the country. Monday last was a holiday. I knocked about town until dinner time time hanging rather heavily on my hands through not having made any arrangement for spending it. Spent the evening with Miss Stone. Wednesday evening Miss Campbell & Miss Pitts with Joe West called Bessie being away they would not remain I saw Miss Pitts home to Jollimont. Thursday evening I partly spent at Stuarts & with Miss S. Friday was observed as a Holiday, not being a general one most of the retail places of business being opened, services were held in most of the places of worship, it was intended to pray for rain but there was no occasion to do that having had such a quantity the last few days as to satisfy the most thirsty. I spent the day quietly, visited Harry Dights found him absent stayed about two hours with Mrs. D In the evening I left home to go to Et Melb to bring my mother home who had been spending the day at Mary’s Met Louisa Bourke on my way, strode about with her for an hour, poor girl she was very low spirited having been so far, unsuccessful in her efforts to procure some employment suitable for her. Saturday afternoon in company with my sister & Geo Bond I went to see the Athletic sports held on the M.C. Ground, not many there I knew. Bessie & Bond went to his mothers & had tea. I,



in the evening called for Miss Stone & we took a pleasent strool together, on my arriving Bond & Bessie had returned from a concert they had been at & my sister informed me that Geo had proposed for her, she was very much affected & had not given him an answer but I sincerely trust she will give him a favourable reply for he is a fine young fellow steady & likely to get on in the world. Bessie is 22 & tis time she thought of getting settled, but she is a little peculiar & I fancy she loves someone else, however I think I have partly induced her to accept him. Sunday morning & evening. I went to Church. Mr Henderson has commenced a series of lectures (for Sunday evening *discourse) on character that of this evening was on “Faith” being the basis on which our moral & mental structure rests upon, he spoke for an hour & a quarter upon the subject in the most eloquent & impressive manner. The church was crowded to excess & the night being very hot, it was anything but pleasent -

April 11th.1869
Fine weather, very busy at the office several large vessels at the pier. My time spent much as usual Monday evening, Thornton & I went to Stewarts choir, at St Andrews Church where he is precentor. Tuesday



evening I went to his house & had some singing Wednesday evening our house was deluged with visitors spent it very pleasently Thursday evening after leaving Stewarts house, where I had been practising scales, I went to St Georges Hall to one of Madame Anna Bishop’s concerts I enjoyed the singing very well, especially one item a duet called “Sunset” sang by Mdms. Bishop & Wilkin. Friday evening I called for Miss Stone & accompanied her to Revd I News chapel where she sings in the choir, being practice night, I waited till the Rehearsal was over, & saw her home. Saturday afternoon I spent Reading. In the evening Miss Campbell & Miss Hoskins with Saunders & Bond (rivals) called & had tea I left them as I had promised to take Miss Stone to hear Mdm Bishop sing. The concert was an excellent one & I think my companion enjoyed herself. 11 pm when I got home found the visitors gone. Sunday I went this morning to St Francis chapel (R.C) to hear Mdm A.Bishop sing “Gratius Agimas” with an organ & clarinet accompaniement, it was the finest piece I ever heard her sing - The Choir sang Haydns. No 1 Mass in a very creditable manner. In the afternoon I visited the Cemetery. In the evening I heard Mr Henderson preach a sermon on “Christian Manliness” as usual he was eloquent & logical, the church was crowded to suffocation, on leaving & on my way home I called at News Chapel & was in time to meet Miss Stone & see her home. On arriving home I found G.Bond



& I am happy to state that my sister has agreed to become his wife, sometime next September -

[1869-04-18 Sunday] April 17th.1869
Been lovely weather, still continue busy at the office, Time spent much as usual. Tuesday evening I went to Stewarts, had a practice, on arriving home I found Kidgell, he had just returned from Queensland (Gympie) where he has commenced business & I think from what he states he is likely to be successful, he is looking very well & is the same jolly little fellow he always was he remained all night with us. Wednesday I staid at home Thursday evening, Bessie & I went to a party at Mr Gotchs. found many friends & acquaintances there all bent upon enjoyment singing & dancing Etc, discussing *riar-ds & luxuries of all sorts & of the best description until about 3Am next morning when we broke up. Friday evening I visited A.St. B.C choir met Miss S. & saw her home. Saturday afternoon on leaving the office I went to Grant St. Emerald to see if I could assist Hamilton in getting his furniture Etc to rights, he having returned that day from Carlton found everything settled & as I could be of no use I took a strool up the Yarra River to see some boat racing. The sport provided was excellent in its way, on my way home I called at Mrs Florauns



found she had been married that day to a gentleman named Horne a well to do Cattle Dealer who resides at Castlemain I had been invited to the wedding but declined not being able to leave business, the Bride & Groom had left for a tour, but several people were there I knew so I stayed about an hour I should have remained the evening but I had promised to meet Miss Stone so did not care about breaking my appointment. Sunday morning I start in company with my mother to hear the Revd Charles Clark] preach, he has just arrived from England to take the Reverend I. New place, who is to be superintended. Clarke is a young man in fact looks a boy in the pulpit but I suppose he is without exception the most eloquent preacher in the colony he possesses a beautiful clear bell like voice, his language is choice, full of beauty & rich in simile, he manages to clothe the most commonplace subjects in lovely garbs, he is exceedingly elegant & graceful in his manner & will prove a most attractive preacher. I was quite fascinated, but was not much impressed with the matter of his discourse, he is fanciful & imaginative, not logical nor argumentative. I question whether he will make many converts I may be mistaken, I hope I am, he does not convey the idea to me of a man who has chosen his profession in the spirit that is generally expected of a minister of the gospel of Jesus Christ, but more with the view of airing his



talent as a speaker I am led to this conclusion partly from what I have heard of him & from my own observations. In the afternoon I took a walk, in company with Miss Stone to the Cemetery & in the evening we went to Mr Hendersons to hear him deliver his sermon, or lectures on “Knowledge”, got wet coming home, the rain pouring down in torrents.

April 25 1869
Pleasent weather during the week. Rather slack at the office, waiting patiently for vessels to arrive at the pier that are overdue. Monday night I took Miss Stone to the “Art Exhibition” which is now being held in the New Exhibition Building, open for ten months charge 1/- night is a bad time to view pictures, but I think with the large quantity on view, most of which have been kindly lent for the occasion by private individuals, judging the quantity & quality on view it goes far to prove the love the Victorians have for works of Art in this line, there are many originals & copies of the works of the best masters those being the most noteworthy of the latter are of Rubens, Tituns, Guido & Rafaelle – some of the pictures by the modern painters would not disgrace the finest gallery in Europe, “Rotterdam at Sunset” by Webb is a grand picture, “The First Snow” by Otto Weber, The Depart des



Fiana” by Koller & several others I enjoyed myself very much & I think my companion did ditto, but as a rule very few ladies are connoisseurs they generally [like] the worst pictures providing the subject happens to be one they have a sympathy for, some wax & paper flowers on view appeared to attract her the most I think the taste for pictures requires to be cultivated before one can fully appreciate painting in its higher flights & perfections, it is difficult for an amateur to arrive at a just estimate of the merits of a picture unless he knows something of the Art either by long & careful observations or to have studied it in some shape or another – it was 10pm when we left the building & nearly 11 when I arrived home – Tuesday evening I went to Stuart’s after practising scales for an hour I returned home. Wednesday evening I accompanied Mary & Clark to a Soiree given by the Freemasons at their Hall, Lonsdale St, Mesdames Sanderson, Young & Misses Donaldson, Amery Schatt and Seide being the principal performers, at the [conclusion of the] concert 10 pm the benches were cleared away & I stayd another 2 hours dancing Thursday evening I went to Stewarts on leaving I went to the Induction Service of Revd. C. Clark as pastor of the Albert St Baptist Chapel at the conclusion of the affair I met Miss Stone & saw her home – Friday morning I accompanied my Brother on board of the S.S. “Tasmania” bound for Tasmania where



he intends spending a fortnight for the benefit of his health. I sincerely hope the change may do him good he has not been well for a long time especially since his late illness. In the evening (which was very wet) I went to the Collins St B.C. where Willy Ford is Organist & who very Kindly plays for me anything I wish to learn that has an accompaniment for the Organ. I was practising Rosinis grand Solo from the “Stabat Mater” the “Cujus Animam” rather ambitious on my part to attempt such a piece, however it is fine practice. This evening I went to hear Revd C.Clark. I did not care so much for him as I did when I first heard him a very beautiful discussion but nothing in it. I walked home afterwards with Miss Stone -

May 2 1869 Weather rather changeable but tolerably cold during the week I received a long letter from Fred on Thursday giving a most glowing dis- -cription of Tasmania & its society, his letter was written in Launceston where he had enjoyed very much having met a few kind friends there, he is now, I suppose, in Hobart town where he proposed visiting - Monday evening I spent at Mrs. Walters (Carlton) very slowly Tuesday evening I spent at Stewarts. Wednesday evening I attended a Baptismal Service at the B C



Albert St. saw several ‘dipped’ for what purpose I know not! Friday evening Miss Stone & [I] spent at the C St. BC, with W.Ford singing Saturday afternoon I went to the Art Exhibition & spent a few hours pleasently Picture gazing This morning & evening I went to Church. Mr H preached a fine sermon on “Patience & Constancy”. In the afternoon with Miss Stone I went to the Cemetery & my companion being pretty & agreeable I enjoyed my walk, on arriving home this evening I found Geo Bond at our house, he is a very constant Visitor. May 9th.1869
Beautiful weather. Slack at the office but for myself I had a deal of work to do owing to a desire I have of taking a few days rest to enable me undergoing an operation for strengthening my sight. Monday evening I went to a Concert given by Richardsons pupils at the Haymarket Theatre, it was a very poor affair, but the house was well filled being for the benefit of the new Alfred Hospital. Tuesday evening I spent with Miss Stone Wednesday evening I spent at Stewartss singing Friday afternoon, having left the office earlier than usual, I went to a German named Guttman who has been performing some extraordinary cures by a new process of what I call inoculation, lately discovered, I have been advised by several persons to try it for my eyes. I have



not much confidence in its efficacy yet I thought I ought not to neglect any chance, he commenced by stripping me & then he took a thing in shape of an ordinary paint brush, but instead of being made of bristles it consists of needles, with this he made punctures, slightly, but not enough to draw blood, but sufficient to puncture the skin, he did this up each side of the spine, round my ears and eyes, after which he applied some kind of oil (which is the grand secret) about two hours afterwards the places punctured became very warm & my face began to swell & in the course of a day every puncture gave forth a head of matter – I have had to wear a shade over my eyes, keep within doors & not to get cold there is very little pain attached to the operation the only inconvenience is a slightly irritable feeling I dont intend going to the office for a few days so as to let my eyes have as much rest as possible Sunday afternoon the inflamation commenced to go Down – I sincerely trust the experiment will do my sight, good, but I am afraid the weekness of my eyes has become chronic, & there is little chance of a thorough cure. Clark & Mary spent the afternoon with us. Yesterday I received a long letter from Fred he was in Hobart town, enjoying himself very much, he purposes returning home sometime next week –



May 16_1869
Lovely weather, I resumed my duties at the office on Thursday, fortunately things had been very slack there so I was not missed very much. The first days of the week I spent very quietly Several friends & acquaintances called in the evening to make enquiries concerning the progress attending the operation. I am sadly afraid I am not in the slightest benefitted by the operation I have been subjected to Wednesday morning I went into town and drew the £75 I lodged with a building society on receipt of which I paid £10.7.0 Fred had borrowed from Delnicold to take him to Tasmania. Thursday evening my Brt Fred returned from his visit looking & feeling much better for his trip. I spent the same evening with Miss Stone on arriving home I found Saunders Marsden & Williams at our house who remained till 12 Pm Friday I spent the evening with Miss Stone. Saturday afternoon I took a walk to the Cemetery to see the funeral of the Revd Mr Hill who was so brutally murdered by a prisoner named Rilson in the pentridge jail. Spent the day as usual, church night & morning a walk in the afternoon when I met W.Smart – saw Miss Stone this evening on leaving church & walked home with her. I am getting head over heels in love with her, much to the *disgust of those at home who are always reviling her & myself. I do not care what



the[y] say to myself but I will not have a word spoken against her who I know is not deserving of the slightest reproach. My mother & sister unfortunately listen to every idle rumour concerning her, whose only fault consist in knowing that there is a prejudice existing against her by my relations & resents it by being very stiff & distant to them when ever they see or meet each other, I am sorry it is so for a feeling of this sort on my peoples part only confirms & strengthens my affection for the object of their dislike.

May 23rd.1869 Weather been disagreeable & cold very slack at the office all the week, but yesterday quite a fleet of vessels made their appearance at the Heads so I suppose we shall be busy enough in a few days ”Whit Monday” I had a half holiday Tuesday evening spent at Stewarts. Wednesday & Thursday evening I spent with Miss Stone, Friday evening I spent with Mary (E.M.), on leaving I called for Bessie at St Phillips Church, Hoddle St where she had attended a Tea Meeting, Saturday afternoon I went to Guttsmans & had another operation performed for which he wanted to charge me another 3/- but I objected not having been in the slightest degree benefitted by the last trial, it was at



the mans own suggestion I tried it again, not being aware he proposed charging me for it, until he asked me for payment, I considered I had no right to pay & so the matter ended, by my promising if I really was cured to pay, a pretty safe promise on my part but one I wish to God I should have to pay. In the evening I went to Stewarts towards night my face began to swell but not to the extent it did before. I was near doing myself a great injury by having to go out in the cold air about 12Pm to search for a Doctor to attend my Br’ who took ill in a similar way he did before going to Tasmania. I am happy to say we are both all right now This afternoon R.Ryland called & had tea with us after which we went to hear Revd C.Clark The Church was crowded to excess & we had to stand the whole of the service, at its conclusion I met Miss Stone, got home with some difficulty as the rain came down in torrents, had the pleasure of spending two hours under a verandah

My Br Fred left Williams the printer this last week whom he has been with the last 10 years, he has gone into partnership with a man named Smith, & have taken a place in Flinders Lane in the centre of the business part of the City, it will be a week or two before they are prepared for a start I sincerely hope they will be successful -



May 30th.1869
Weather very wet & miserably cold. I have been very busy at the office, during the week. Monday the 24th was observed as a general holiday I went to witness a Review held at Emerald Hill in company with G.Freer & Miss Edwards got back home by 2.30 found G.Bond here who staid tea, after which I went to a Tea Meeting at the Baptist Chapel, George St Fitzroy heard Miss Stone sing the Soph’ part in a Trio from “Elijah” “Lift thine Eyes” after which she sang “Thou didst not leave his soul in Hell”, from the Messiah, very well at the conclusion of the concert I saw her home nearly 12 when I got home Tuesday evening I went to Stewarts staid there about an hour on arriving home I found Saunders & J. Ballantyne at our house who who remained until 11.30. Wednesday evening I spent with Miss Stone, took a long walk together Thursday evening I spent at Stewarts, *went right home early, Friday evening, I went to Clarks found him busy preparing specifications for his new house I spent a couple of hours very pleasently singing & practising Duets, On my way home I dropped into the Wesly Church Choir & *striking Marsden he insisted upon my singing “If With all your Hearts” from the “Elijah” a Miss *Amear playing



the accompaniment upon the Organ. I forgot to mention I left the office on Friday morning & in company with Fred I went to the funeral of my fathers cousin Stephen Watmuff who died on Wednesday he was a man I only met him about half a dozen times & never cared much about him his habits & that sort of thing being so different from my own, he was buried in the general Cemetery Fred & I being Chief Mourners & his only relatives in the colony (excepting my uncle John Tom) with the exception of his wife, who I think is tolerably well provided for, he left no family. Saturday afternoon being wet, I spent at home In the evening I met Miss Stone & the weather having cleared up we took a long & very pleasent walk together. Sunday morning & evening I went to Mr Hendersons church In the afternoon I took a strool with Miss S. to the Cemetery on arriving home I found Mr *Bucide & Mrs Room friends of my brothers that he made in Launceston Mr[s] R is an exceedingly nice lady, a thorough Christian one I should think, on leaving chapel I called for Miss Stone (who is an attendant at C.Clarks) & saw her home -

June 6th.1869
Weather still cold & unsettled, with plenty of rain Very busy at the office, in fact seldom more so since I have been in the Companys employ



I sent in an application a few weeks ago for an increase of salary, but as yet no mention has been taken of it. I dont suppose there is a more miserable or parsimonious Cmy in existence than the M & HBURl or where there is such a poor chance of an employee getting on in. I regret, often, staid so long in the service, hoping on, hoping on. Monday evening I went to hear “Weston & Husseys” Christy Minstrels at St Georges Hall who have done up the place very nicely & are drawing large audiences, they are very good in one service but I missed the really good singing I had heard from the two previous Companys that I have heard here. There is too much of the comic element. Stewart has been engaged by them as first tenor, & commences with them next week Wednesday & Saturday evenings I spent with Miss Stone – Friday evening I went with Bessie & Fred to a party given by Geo’ neighbours mother in honor of his Birthday, enjoyed ourselves very much 3Am next morning when we broke up - Sunday morning & evening I went to hear Revd. A.M Henderson, Miss S. went with me this evening, he delivered his last discourse on “Character” summing up the various virtues Etc that constitute a truly Christian one, impressing upon his hearers the importance of Faith as a groundwork, or basis, with Virtue, Knowledge, Dilligence Charity etc as a superstructure



to be particularly cultivated & practised –

June 13 1869
*Stinking bad weather all the week nothing but rain, rain day & night, dirty streets, & every place most miserable - Still continue busy at the office in fact never was more so, no less than 11 ships discharging & loading at the Rly Pier. I have felt very unwell during the week from a severe cold accompanied with an attack of biliousness I have been getting thinner & beautifully less if I do not improve shortly I intend to get Medical advice The English mail arrived on Monday & much to my surprise & disappointment no news from Father. I received a short note from my Uncle John Thos. on Tuesday, he was living on Bendigo when he wrote, he wished to know if any news came from England with respect to his affairs I answered his note the following day, informing him that no news had arrived. Uncle Joseph is rather long winded in sending him his share of the annuity he is entitled to, but which according to law I believe he is not entitled to, owing to his taking advantage of the “Bill of Limitation Act”. Monday evening I went to hear & see Stewart make his re debut with the “Christys” the place was very much crowded & taking it altogether I fancy he created a good impression



but there is no mistaking the fact that his voice is nothing in comparison to what it used to be Spent most of my evenings at home. Saturday afternoon I spent at Stewarts & in the evening with Miss Stone This afternoon we took a walk to the Cemetery & in the evening we went together to hear Mr Henderson.

June 20th.1869
Weather very disagreeable. Our office has no fireplace in it & sometimes I feel the cold so much that I can hardly hold my pen to write. I wish our Secretary & Board of Directors had to sit & do my work for a week, I’ll be bound there would soon be a change. Monday evening I went to Fred’s office found it nicely fitted up, they have two good presses & plenty of type & are now ready to commence operations, it will be uphill work for many a day with them Wednesday evening I spent very pleasently at my sister Marys, Mr & Mrs. *Bartlaw were there Friday evening I went to hear the Sable Minstrels in their absurd comicalities, & listen to their stale jokes & indifferent singing. The place was crowded & the performance seemed to be greatly relished, thus showing the taste of the age for everything that is low & debasing, comic singing & burlesque acting is all the rage, nothing else goes down, or pays to place upon



the stage, legitimate acting, high class classical music, & entertainment of an intellectual order are at a discount in Victoria at present - Saturday afternoon I spent at Stewarts singing & in the evening I spent a couple of hours with Miss Stone Morning & evening of to day I went to Chapel Mr H has commenced a series of sermons on the 16th chapter of John, In the afternoon I went to the cemetery in company with Miss S. My mother & sisters are greatly prejudiced against my connection with her & every day I am subjected to all manner of unpleasent remarks in reference to our acquaintance, she is an exceedingly nice girl, very quiet & with nothing of that fastness about her which characterises most of the colonial girls & young ladies of this town. The English mail left here yesterday & having to write to Uncle Joseph about my Uncle John Thomas I thought it a good opportunity of introducing myself & family to his notice. I wrote him a very long letter giving him a complete history of our family from being in the colony previous & subsequent to my fathers absence I gave him some broad hints as to our circumstances & position which I hope he will take in the spirit I intend they should, he has plenty of money I believe & no family to leave it to & I do not see why I should not try to interest him in our favour. I have heard he intends to leave us something when he dies, but a little now perhaps would be of far more benefit to us -



June 27th 1869
Miserable weather. Still continues busy at the office. Monday evening I went to Hamiltons & brought my mother home, who had been spending the day at Emerald Hill. I was extremely sorry to hear that Hamilton had lost his “billet” at W.H.Rocke & Co. more especially as he has nothing by him & his wife near her confinement. Tuesday evening I went to a fashionable Amateur Concert at the Duke of Edinbro Theatre given principally by members of Richardsons Class. Some portions of the programme were tolerably well rendered for Amateurs, whilst others were excusable The great fault I find with most amateurs that they invariably select music either of a too difficult & too classic a character to be successful, pieces that first class artists will only attempt at their best form Music becomes ridiculous when such people as J.B.West sing such pieces as “Fra Poco” from “Lucia di Lammemoor” Etc. Wednesday evening I spent at Mrs. Skinners a large party was assembled to do honor to the wedding of her daughter to an acquaintance of mine Henry Chadwick a clerk in the National Bank - I was not fortunate enough to see the happy pair they having gone on a wedding “tour” I met several there I was intimate with among the number Louisa Burke by far away the loveliest girl at the party I had eyes &



attraction for all but more in particular for her, there was plenty to eat & to drink & plenty of food, it was nearly 4 Am next morning when I took my departure – Louisa rieled me considerably about my new flame - as she terms Miss S., poor girl she feels her position very much & from her manner which she showed, rather foolishly, her “penchant” for her old admirer, caused me to be pretty considerably “chaffed” if she was single things might have been different. Thursday evening I spent at home Friday evening I spent at Pitts, Jollimont, practising Glees in company with the Misses Pitts, Lambert & Campbell, Messrs West, Pitts, Kitson Etc which we are to sing at a Soiree to be given shortly at the Church we all attend (Mr Hendersons). Walked home with Nelly Lambert afterwards, Saturday afternoon I spent at Stuarts & in the evening with Miss Stone I went to church this morning & ditto in the evening in company with Miss Stone, afternoon we took a long strool together –

July 4th 1869
Disagreeable weather Very busy at the office Pier full of ships loading & discharging Monday evening spent the evening at Pitts rehearsing Glees, Tuesday evening spent with Lizzie (Mr & Mrs. W.Bond called & had tea). Wednesday evening I went to hear Weston & Husseys troupe of Sable Minstrels at St Georges Hall, they have improved since



I heard them last. Thursday Miss Stone & I went to a Concert given by the Philharmonic Sty at the Princess Theatre, the music was entirely of a secular character & most of it very well rendered especially some duets by Donaldson & Mrs. Fox they were both in fine voice & I never heard them sing better before, Mrs F “Dearest Companions” would not not disgrace any Concert Room, & Donaldson’s “Oh Tis a Glorious Sight” & his reading of the “Message” & “Sleep Well” - Friday evening we had a rehearsal of our Glees at the Church, David Lee conducting us, much to our benefit. Thursday was a holiday & a wretched wet day it was. Fred and I started to witness the Sports at the MCC Ground, but on arriving there we found they were postponed in consequence of the weather Called at Stewarts on Saturday afternoon, found he had left the “Minstrels” owing to the minister of the Church of which he is the precentor of having procured him a situation In the evening as usual I spent with Miss Stone To day, Sunday, I went to church morning & evening accompanied by Lizzie.

[Sunday, 11 July 1869] June 11th.1869
Tolerably fine weather during the week. English Mail arrived on Monday, no news for any of us – Tuesday evening I spent at Pitts, Jollimont, Wednesday evening I met Miss Stone & we took a long walk together



on arriving home my mother & sister, I am sorry to state, made some impertinent remarks in reference to my intimacy with Miss S. which ended in my losing my temper & leaving the house with a half formed determination never to enter it again. I did not return for hours & until my passion was cooled down, my sister & I have not spoken to each other since & I feel that is that, passed that for ever will hinder our ever being the same to each other than has been - Thursday evening I went to see Montgomery in Shakespears Grand play of “Anthony & Cleopatra” assisted by Miss Cleveland as the heroine, their playing was something magnificent & will be long remembered by Theatre goers, when the players are dead & gone, there are not many men who can say they have witnessed the characters of the Immortal Bard playd so well as by Montgomery, the glories of Brook & Sullivan & even Kean pale before this new light in scene characters - Friday evening on arriving home from business I found my cousin Harry here, he is in town on business connected with his school & also to attend an examination after tea I attended a rehearsal of our Glees at the Grammar School, Collins Street, D.Lee coaching us up in there - Saturday afternoon in company with Harry Vickerman I went to see the Athletic Sports on the M.C.C Ground running & that sort of thing I do not much care for The novelty of the day was a Velocipede race, the first ever



held in Australia, an acquaintance of mine J Finley winning it in fine style, there was an enormous amount of people present to witness the sports - After tea Harry left for home I accompanied him to the Rly Station & returned to Fitzroy where I called for Miss S. & we took a long ramble together. This afternoon, Sunday we did ditto & in the evening I went to church –

[Sunday, 18 July 1869] July 19th 1869
Weather very unsettled during the week & as I have been suffering very severely from a cold makes it none the easier to bear Still busy at the office, plenty of ships been discharging at the Pier. My leisure time spent much as usual. Monday & Wednesday evenings making love in company with Lizzie. Tuesday night I spent at Stewarts, staid rather later than usual owing to a young fellow being there who had just returned from England & who had visited the continent I found his company very agreeable & his descriptions of the various places he had visited & the people he had met very interesting. Friday night I went to a Tea Meeting given by the members of the Collins St Independent Church, Mutual Improvement Association, it was well attended, several of the members spoke pretty well excepting poor Geo’ Neighbour from whom so much was expected owing to the high honor he has gained at the University & to the known fact of his studying for a Barrister. He was nervy



& stumbled over every word he uttered & at last completely broke down & had to appeal to some notes he fished out of one of his pockets & after considerable delay he arranged them & then found that he could not read his own writing & was obliged to take his seat not amidst approving cheers, but *minimal laughter I felt for him, but I have no doubt in time when he overcomes his nervousness he will “shine” The best part of the Entertainment were the Glees, in which I took my share of the honor. Saturday afternoon I spent at home & in the evening I went in company with Miss S. took a long walk. Sunday, morning I went to Church, Mary was there I walked [part] of the way home with her, she is looking very much better than she has been doing for a long time. In the afternoon In company with Lizzie I went to the Cemetery for a walk – & In the evening I went to Church with Mother

I received a note on Friday from Uncle John Thos. desiring to know if any money came by the last Mail for him. I replied in the negative, he is working on the farm of Mr. Gill, River Loddon, nr. Newbridge -

July 25th.1869
Weather very cold & foggy & rather severe for those who suffer from Lung diseases & that sort of thing. Monday evening spent at home. My sister Bessies pupils the little Miss Snowdens had been spending the day at our house & I took them home at about 9.Pm. Staid playing cards there till 10 Pm when I returned - Wednesday evening I spent at



Clarks, the Miss Clarks were there, after indulging in some music (my sister Mary being in fine voice pleased me very much) we commenced to play “Besique” a new game of cards & likely to become a popular one for those who care for cardplaying for my part it appears like downright waste of time - Tuesday evening I took Miss Stone to a Concert held in the Wesleyan Chapel Emerald Hill being the occasion of the opening of the New Organ an excellent programme was provided & the singing was really good Mrs. Fox, Miss Watson, Exon & Maddon were the chief vocalists while Pringle was organist for the occasion Friday I left the office in company with a fellow clerk, Hart, & spent the evening very pleasently at his mothers house E.H. I met several nice people there among the number Miss McAndrew who plays & sings beautifully I sang several Duets with her & *pieces some of which she accompanied upon the Harp It was nearly 12 Pm when I left after spending a most enjoyable evening. On my way home I witnessed a fine eclipse of the moon. Saturday after I went to see the Velocipede Tournament” at the Fitzroy Cricket Ground I left early in disgust, being one of the most uninteresting & shady affairs I ever witnessed. In the evening, as usual, I spent with Miss Stone, taking a long walk together - This afternoon (Sunday) we took a walk together around the Cemetery, Went to Church in the morning & ditto in the evening on coming home a dense Bank of fog enveloped the City. I never remember seeing such



heavy one before. On arriving home I found G.Bond & the Bros West here spending the evening they left after supper We had rather a singular visitor in the afternoon of the name of Cook, who used to be a boy in my fathers Warehouse, Manchester, he had seen our name on Freds Signboard & found us out, he is at present engaged in a large place of business & has succeeded in amassing a snug little property together & is altogether in a prosperous condition I wish his old employer was ditto, but such is life some go up & others come down –

August 1st.1869
Weather still continues cold & unsettled, pretty busy at the office Monday evening I spent at home Miss Odell & Dalia Rekowskie being here. Tuesday evening I spent at Clarks, Wednesday with Miss Stone. Thursday I went to the Princess Theatre to hear Madame Simonsen & her husband who have just returned from Europe They are giving concerts assisted by Miss Rebecca Nordt & Mr Keilby who sing pretty well. Madame & her husband are as good as ever. I am sorry they are drawing such poor houses - I have been suffering lately from an acute pain in my groin accompanied by a dead kind of pain around my heart, which prevents me laying on my left side, caused I think by a sprain I gave myself at the Gymnasium which necessitated my leaving it, some weeks ago. I began to get frightened as I thought it would have gone away before this



not doing so I came to the conclusion to get some advice about it & was advised to go to Dr Beaney which I did on Friday evening. He says I have slightly ruptured myself but promised to cure me for £12, a lot of money, I gave him £4 on account & the balance I am to give him in a months time, he has recommended me taking cold baths regularly every morning & gave me a bottle of playsin, doses of which I am to take 3 times a day. I had no idea I was so bad, however I sincerely hope I shall get all right. Saturday afternoon I took a strool into town & in the evening in company with Lizzie I took a long walk to Northcote. Sunday morning I went to hear mass at St. Patricks R.C.Chapel Spent the afternoon at home in consequence of the rain Miss Norris called & spent the day at our house After tea I called for Miss Stone & we went to hear Mr Henderson on arriving home I saw Miss Norris home -

August 8th.1869
Weather tolerably fair during the week very little rain & no frost. I have been suffering very severely during the week from a serious attack of Bile brought on I believe from taking the medicine I have done lately. I called the Dr attention to it & he changed my physic at once which I am happy to state has had the effect of making me feel better Monday evening I spent at Stewarts singing Tuesday evening remained at home ditto



Friday evening Wednesday I went out for a strool with Miss Stone Thursday evening I went to Simonsens Concert. Saturday afternoon I spent at Freds office opening a set of Books for him & posting up Etc to date In the evening Miss S & I as usual took a pleasent ramble together 11 Pm when I returned home In the morning I went to Church, took my mother in the evening & In the afternoon I went for a strool to the Cemetery with Miss S. being the only place in this neighbourhood where one can go to within easy walking distance The English Mail arrived in the beginning of the week no news from any relatives

On Monday last I was greatly shocked to hear that my second cousin Alf Peel was dead, having died in Dunedin in July leaving a widow & one child to mourn his loss, he died of consumption, Mrs Peel wrote to us informing us of the fact I am truly sorry for her, it seems no time (4 years ago) that she came out, a merry bride to this colony I intend writing to her next week -

August 15th.1869
Weather much pleasenter than it has been the last few weeks I have not been very well during the past few days owing to my late illness & being in very low spirits at the same time has not improved me. Monday evening I spent with my sister Mary, left about 11 Pm in company with my mother who had been spending the day with her -



Tuesday, Wednesday & Saturday evenings I spent with Miss Stone, Friday evening I spent at the Choir of the Wesley Church Brunswick St roaring away in some anthems. I wrote to Mrs Peel & also to my Uncle J.T. that day. Saturday afternoon I spent in Fitzroy Gardens listening to the Head Quarters Band that has been reorganised I enjoyed the music very much Sunday morning tho’ very stormy I went to Church clearing up in the afternoon I went for a walk in company with Lizzie to the Carlton Gardens. Clark & Mary spent the afternoon & evening at our house. I went to church & meeting Miss S after the service saw her home

August 22 1869
Weather very mild & summerlike, rather slack at the office, spent my leisure time much as usual. Monday evening I took Miss Stone to a Concert given at the Princess Theatre by Richardsons pupils assisted by Madame Simonsen who was the only one worth listening to during the evening none of the pupils appear to have improved since I last heard them. I firmly believe it is owing to their Masters bad system of tuition for some of them had really good natural voices but by what Richardson call[s] the closed force it is apparent it distroys the voice instead of improving it. It was amusing to look over the Programme containing as it did the choicest selections of the best masters & perhaps the most difficult that only first class artists can render effectively, such



things as the “Cujus Animam” & “Oh Tis a Glorious Sight” from Oberon attempted by amateurs who ca’nt read a line of music & perhaps not had a quarters instruction in the elementary branches of music. Tuesday, Wednesday & Saturday evening I spent with Miss Stone. Thursday evening the Miss Thwaites & G Bond spent the evening at our house – Friday I spent at home. Saturday on leaving business I spent a couple of hours doing up Freds Books at his office, on leaving I accompanied my sister Bessie to Lee & Kaye Piano Warehouse to choose a piano, we saw a very nice toned “Hopkinson” that Bessie seemed to like which I think her intended husband will purchase - Sunday morning I went to Church, being the anniversary, of the opening of the Church there were special services & a collection made for the erection of a Hall in connection with the Church, that will serve the purpose of a Sunday School, Lecture Room Etc – In the evening a sermon was preached to young men, 23 verse of the 23 Chp proverbs “Buy the Truth”. Mr Henderson started defining what was logical or verbal truth & also moral truth, the principle aim of his discourse appeared to be a demolition of the arguments in favour of “Protoplasm” Prehistoric man & the Darwinian Theory etc Upon these subjects he discoursed at considerable length in an easy discussion style suitable to the class he was supposed to be speaking viz the young he concluded by impressing upon his audience the general maxims & principles of Christianity

August 29 1869
Weather very changeable, dirty & dusty with a little rain at the end of the week which made



things more refreshing. Time spent much as usual I am still going to Dr Beaney I think he is a humbug & that he overrated the complaint I am suffering from. I fancy if I had continued my own course I should have cured myself just as soon as he will, a sprained groin simply requires time & care & plenty of cold water. The physic he is giving now I am sure is nothing but tincture of iron mixed with plenty of water Wednesday evening Miss Stone & I went to a concert & Lecture at our Church. Saturday afternoon I went to the Fitzroy Cricket Ground to see some sports, found, they were so poor that I remained outside the fence & witnessed for an hour or so on the cheap - Thursday evening I went to hear the Revd C.Clark deliver a lecture at the Duke of Edinbro” Theatre, the subject being – “Christmas & its Carols” in old England. He was assisted by the Albert Choral Society who sang the carols, after being introduced by the lecturer who explained in a most humorous & interesting manner their origin Etc Clark is one of the most polished & fluent speakers we ever had in the colony & his powers of miming are equal to any actor I have seen, many of “*some righteous” were greatly shocked with his manner & ‘abandon” displayed being so different from what are generally *with *men from the ordinary run of ministers, he imitated Cocks Crowing



Bulls Bellowing, Dogs Barking & those happy (?) souls who worship too liberally at the shrine of Bacchus - The Hon Jms McCulloch presided at the lecture who expressed himself delighted at it Sunday morning & evening I went to hear Mr Henderson. I took a strool in the afternoon with Miss Stone.

Sept 5th.1869
Weather fine. Busy at the office. Seven ships having come alongside our Pier to discharge & load during the last 10 days. English Mail arrived (4 days after its time) no letters found a few pencilled lines in a newspaper from father that he intended writing by the next week, he was not well suffering from Rheumatic in his arms. Monday Mrs. Snowden & her sister Miss Jarvis spent the evening at our house. Tuesday evening I called at Dr B. had to wait two hours before seeing him, he must be doing very well, he gave me my usual bottle of physic which I have hardly tasted, nothing but Iron & water, on leaving him I went in company with a friend to listen to a final Rehearsal of “Ermain” which is to be given in ”Cameo” at the Haymarket Theatre on the 8th. Miss Belle Staff, an old friend of mine who used to sing at Hendersons Choir is to “come out” as Elvira, the music is admirably for her light soprano voice which she uses with good skill & judgement for one so young (18). I think she promises to become a first rate singer. The only thing I fear for her is she appears to be



very delicate, whereas a singer requires a strong robust constitution. Wednesday evening I went out for a walk with Miss S. Thursday I spent at my sister Mary spent a pleasent evening - Friday on arriving home I was grieved to find my sister Bessie had been taken seriously ill during the day when out teaching she had been obliged to take cab to come home & go to bed she had been suffering from a cold which I fear she neglected until it has lapsed into Billious fever & up to the present I see very little change for the better in her, & to make things worse my mother took ill yesterday & has been confined to her bed suffering from the same complaint as Bessie Dr *Herret has been in regular attendance upon them both. Our house is like a little hospital, we have got a good nurse Saturday evening I went out for a short time. Sunday, I spent at home till evening, when Fred stayd at home while I went out to hear the Revd. C.Clark preach one of his pretty sermons, taking for his text the words of the angel who took the hand of Lot when leaving the City of the Plain “Linger Not” at the close of the sermon I met Miss Stone & saw her home My mother received a letter during the week from Capt Lane (Boston U.S) informing us of the death of his good & beautiful wife from Dysentry, my sister had a long letter from her only the last mail & at the time of



her writing she was quite well, she had visited Australia twice in her husbands Ship “Levanter” & spent her leisure [time] with [us] & we all became very much attached to her for her many good & amicable qualitites We grieved very much to hear of her death

Sept. 12, 1869
The first few days of the week were very cold & unsettled but the last 2 or 3 have been lovely & fair, in fact quite hot & summerlike. My mother & sister have been very ill the doctor attending them regularly, neither of them arose from their beds until Friday when Bessie get up for a short time & I fancy it will not be long before she is well & strong, my mother still continues very weak & her recovery is not likely to be so soon as my sisters, our house has not been the most comfortable of places lately, however Fred & I have managed the best we could under the circumstances Monday & Tuesday evenings I staid at home, Wednesday, I promised to take Miss Stone to the Philharmonic Sty Concert, for the production of “Ernani”. I had purchased tickets, when on calling for her I found her parents objected, for some unaccountable reason or another, that she should not go. I staid about an hour with her, & on leaving her I went to the Concert alone, heard the last two acts which in my opinion contained the best music of the opera, Miss Staff fully sustained the opinion I had formed of her



of her as a singer. She has a light pure toned, flexible sophano voice with a good compass, she sang very correctly & with good taste & expression. Mr Exon was the tenor & Lamble, (of Ballarat) the Bass – Cazaly assisting, all of whom aquitted themselves very creditably, but no praise would be out of place for the chorus I never heard the *Charleway Chorus given with such effect before. This week an event occurred which should long be remembered by those who have been long in the colony & who take an interest in it, the death of our oldest colonist John Pascoe Fawkner, (the founder of the colony) at the ripe old age of 78, he died last Sunday & was buried in the General Cemetery on Wednesday the 8th inst, a half holiday was proclaimed in respect to his memory. The funeral was an immense affair, no less than 250 carriages & vehicles forming a procession, with those walking, of about 1¼ miles in length, & such was the end of a very remarkable man, whose history every ones knows. Thursday evening I spent at home. Friday called at the Dr. on leaving him I called at the Albert St Chapel for Miss Stone who had been singing there (she is a member of the Choir) Saturday afternoon after finishing my domestic duties, cutting up wood & clearing up the yard & garden Etc I went out for a strool after tea called for Miss Stone & we took a long walk together 11 Pm when I got home. This morning I went to Church



after the service. I walked part of the way home with my sister Mary. I fancy she is looking very worn & ill I sincerely hope she is not suffering from some organic complaint, there is something wrong with her I am sure she is getting so sallow & appears so worried after any slight exertion. In the afternoon I went for a walk in company with Lizzie being a fine day we enjoyed ourselves - In the evening I went to church, afterwards met Miss Walters Miss Stoddart & Mr Burt, who accompanied me home to see Mother & Bessie, found several visitors at our house, after their departure I walked part of the way home with Hamilton -

Sept 19 1869
Weather has undergone quite a change: I never witnessed such a transition from winter to summer in so short a time. The first few days of the week were as hot as is generally experienced in Decr. I am happy to state that my mother & sister are fast recovering from the effects of their late illness, & are now make every preperation for the latters wedding which is to take place on the 25th. inst, if all goes well, as the time draws I am led to think more seriously of the event & of the loss we shall experience by her leaving us, however these sort of things will occur & in my case it will I hope tend to hasten my own marriage if I can only manage matters. Monday evening I spent at Stewarts



Tuesday & Wednesday evenings I spent in company with Miss Stone Thursday evening I spent at Mary’s Friday staid at home, Saturday afternoon at home reading In the evening I met Lizzie & we took a long walk together. Sunday afternoon ditto & in the evening we went to Mr Henderson’s together found several visitors at our house on my arrival home

Sept 26 1869
Lovely weather during the week, been a very busy one for me, not only at the office but at home in consequence of the preperations respecting my sisters wedding & the event itself what with Dressmaking & house *clearing Etc home has not been the pleasentist place in the world - Monday evening G Bond & his bro’ John with Miss Norris spent at our house. Tuesday evening I spent at Mrs Harts on Emerald Hill, several friends there, spent a most enjoyable evening singing Etc, had an excellent supper after which I left in company with the Miss *Domalaws whom I saw home to their house in West Melb. nearly 3 am when I reached Johnston St., Fitzroy. Wednesday evening I met Miss Stone & we took a pleasent walk together I am getting dreadfully fond of her, I dont know what will be the result, marriage I fondly hope Ah! If my interest in the Vulcan Reef would only turn



out satisfactory I would marry her at once – Thursday evening I spent at home assisting in the preperations for the coming event (“Bessies Wedding”). I wish it was mine, most ardently, Saunders, Hamilton & Bond were with us. Friday evening I spent at home assisting Etc went out for a short time, making purchases, for a short time. Saturday morning, having a holiday, & all being in readiness I went to St Marks Church with my sister Bessie & her bridesmaid Miss Norris, & my brother Fred, on arriving at the church we found G Bond & his Bro John with several friends waiting the ceremony which was performed in due course & in the usual manner by the Revd R.B.Barlow, the affair was soon over those interested behaving in the most admirable manner on leaving the church we adjourned to my mothers where a number of friends who had been invited met us & we sat down to an excellent dinner got up in fine style when after stuffing ourselves & getting over the Toasting Etc, the Bride & Bridegroom left about 2Pm & went for a drive to the Yan Yeans, the rest of us spent the affair very pleasently: a few of us in the evening went over to East Melbourne & Clark, having the key of Georges cottage, & went there & remained until the happy couple returned from their drive about 8 Pm where after seeing them comfortably settled Etc & indulged in a considerable amount of chaff we left



them to their fate & their new & novel position with best wishes for their future which I have little doubt will be all that could be wished - On seeing Miss Norris home, Swanston St, where she is living as Governess at Mr Beers Bookseller, I came home myself feeling regularly knocked up after all the bustle excitement Etc attending the affair - To day Sunday I went to church morning & evening, took a long walk in the afternoon in company with Miss Stone -

Octr 3th.1869
Lovely weather the last few days, several pleasent showers having fallen the past few days doing a deal of good, as the farmers & others *are crying out greatly for want of rain. Monday evening I remained at home & kept my mother company my sister Mary spent the evening with us & remained until near 11 Pm when I saw her home. Tuesday evening I went out for a strool with Miss S. Wednesday I spent at home in company with Mother as she feels very lonely now Bessie has left home. Thursday evening in company with Liz I took a long strool as far as Kew. Friday I went to Mrs. Walters, found her & the family very busy making preperations for Emily’s wedding with Burtt, which took place the next day (Saturday)



did not stay long, came home & spent the evening reading & singing. The English Mail arrived on Wednesday, bringing me a letter for John Tom. & enclosed in it was a draft for £20 & a request for me to forward to him the sum of £13.6.8. being her share of the interest accruing from her share of the money of John Toms which was divided before he turned up, it appears they have decided (that is my father, Aunt Sarah, & Uncle Joseph) to send him the principal, but the interest of his money his father intended it to realize £40.0.0 a year, but Aunt Sarah says her share of the principal does not realize that proportion of the amount, but out of her own income she purposes forwarding to him a sum yearly to the extent of what her father intended he should have & this is her first remittance, it is rather a strange agreement & one that Uncle Joe does not approve of as he was his fathers executor & wishes veto to get possession no more of the whole of the principal as formerly before my father & Aunt Sarah insisted upon its division, I forwarded John Tom the aforesaid amount, I was rather [annoyed] at not hearing from father, he sent us a few newspapers & in one which I opened I found a slip of paper, in which he had scribbled a few lines informing us that he had been taken very ill in a Railway carriage & carried beyond his destination where he had remained



until he had recovered, consequently he was not able to write as he had promised, but intended doing so by the following mail, he stated he had been to London & had been greatly worried by the business connected with the Chancery Case, all details are settled & the Court is to give its decision in November next, its immaterial considering the small amount there will be, to divide, & the immense amount of labor & trouble there has been over the affair. Saturday afternoon I went to see the opening of the boating season, on the Yarra, inaugerated by a grand procession of Boats representing the various clubs, it was an excellent turn out, some very fine Gigs, outriggers, pairoars, canoes Etc on the river. In the evening Miss Stone & I took a long strool together, ditto, this afternoon (Sunday) I went to Church morning & evening -

Oct 10th 1869
Weather very wet & miserable all the week I have no doubt rain is much wanted in certain quarters & it is very selfish under such circumstances to wish a continuance of fair or fine weather, I have been very anxious & troubled in mind all the week owing to the sudden & unexpected illness of my dear sister Mary she had a servant, an illwilled stubborn cold blooded creature who had annoyed & irritated her to such a degree as to produce “Epileptic Convulsions” & being about five months gone in the “family way” proved so serious that on Tuesday



evening the doctors despaired of saving her life, they, after a consultation decided upon delivering her which was done by placing her under chloroform & with the aid of instruments the fits nearly finished her, & what with the extraordinary loss of blood it seems marvellous how she survived, but owing to a good constitution careful nursing & medical attention she became conscious on Thursday – poor dear her sufferings must have been great both to mind & body My mother spent Tuesday & Wednesday with her. I spent two evenings with them doing what laid in my power which did not amount to much. Friday evening I called found her improving & conscious to surrounding objects, staid about an hour, on leaving there I went to hear the great Revivalist Preacher (Revd. W Taylor, or Californian Taylor, as he is more generally called,) at the Wesleyen Chapel Brunswick St Fitzroy, I heard some years back when I liked him much better than on the present occasion he has been in Melb’ several [times] & according to his own accounts has converted many from the paths of sin & wickedness. I witnessed his manufacturing process, which did not impress me as being superior to many other clergymens method without the fuss & parade displayed by Yankee Taylor, the Church was like a noisy nursery with the crying out of poor sinners that seemed possessed with devils, & by pleading penetats howling at the mercy rail, who [were] encouraged to come forward by Taylor who was marching about the pews



beseeching those openly that he saw were affected by his exhortations, I noticed the converts were principally children & young girls. I have my doubts as to the genuineness of 5% of these so called converts, I believe its nothing but sentiment & impulse induced or brought about by some mesmeric influence, instead of its being brought about by calm dispassionate deliberation & by earnest prayer & a careful regard to ones conduct in life God moves in a mysterious way & this mode of bringing sinners to repentance may be one, I have no right to judge, but when someone asked me if I did not think it was a cheering sight to see so many convinced of the error of their ways Etc & so many coming forward to the penetent rail making a public confession I asked him what had become of hundreds that were converted on Taylors last visit to the same place – it is well known that not half a dozen of the scores who made a public profession on that occasion are now even attendants at a place of worship, this silenced my enquiring friend & I came away meditating in my mind upon the peculiar motives & sources of action which actuates such numbers in a particular direction, especially upon spiritual matters - I forgot to state that I met Lizzie at the Church, found she had been no more affected at what she had seen & heard than I was, perhaps not as much



in any way. I fancy the weakness of her character is in her want of veneration (at least a phrenologist would perhaps put it at that form of expression although I do not believe in the so called Science) I should say a lack of enthusiasm, although women get the character of being very matter of fact – I have invariably found them impulsive & enthusiastic, strange, but the very opposite of materialism - Saturday afternoon I remained at home reading, mother having gone to see Mary. In the evening I went out for my usual strool & with my usual companion. Sunday morning I went to Church. In the afternoon in company with Lizzie I went to the Cemetery. In the evening I went to see Mary & was agreeably surprised to find her so far recovered as to be able to converse & appear cheerful, so soon after the dreadful suffering she has undergone & her escape from Deaths door, she is dreadfully altered & I fear her illness will affect her to a certain extent as long as she lives. I always had a presentiment that she will never be a long liver, on leaving her I went to Albert St Chapel get there as it was disgorging its congregation met Lizzie and walked home with her.

Octr 17 1869
Weather like a young steed, unsettled & restless, towards the latter part especially, hot winds & dust prevailing - I am happy to state that my dear sister Mary is fast recovering in a



manner which seems perfectly marvellous to me when I consider the state I believed her in this time last week she having been able to leave her bed the last two days. My sister Bessie has been very unwell during the week suffering from weakness in consequence, I think, of her being married so soon after her late illness. Monday evening I went to my doctors got my usual bottle of physic – on leaving, I went to Stewarts, found him very jolly owing to Mrs. S. having been confined of a boy during this day, both doing well. I met Joe West there who accompanied me home where we spent a couple of hours singing - Tuesday & Wednesday evenings I spent with Miss Stone, Thursday evening I went to see Mary & afterwards called upon Bessie found her & George very “Bob & *Johanh” the former at the piano & the latter bending lovingly over her singing, very *nicely, enough to make a fellow envy them their apparent happiness. I remained about an hour & on arriving home I wrote a letter to my Aunt Sarah Watmuff of Leicester which I posted the following day. Friday evening I remained at home, Saturday morning it commenced to rain & has done so without inter- -mission up to the present time - I get so sick of staying in doors that I went to St Peters Church this evening, found about 20 people present, the service was shortened as much as possible, for I



dont think it lasted above an hour. I hear the River is rising rapidly & if the rain continues I expect their will be another flood & probably a repetition of 1863. I heard also there is a large ship at the “Heads” called the “Victoria Towers” completely wrecked, all hands saved -

Oct 24 1869
Very busy at the office as usual, plenty of work & little pay, & I am beginning to think it will be a long time before I get an increase - I am happy to state that my sister Mary is getting over her illness Monday evening George & Bessie spent with us I walked halfway home with them. Tuesday I met Miss Stone & took a long walk with her. Wednesday night I went to the Theatre Royal to see the newly arrived German Tragedian, Herr Bandmann, he has thoroughly mastered the English language & his pronunciation is as perfect as most Englishmen, he had a good appearance & appears to have studied the characters he plays with great care & attention. I saw him in the “Merchant of Venice” as Shylock. I cant say I altogether liked him, he pitches his voice too high, which to my mind mars the effect of elocution & firm declamation - I hear he is very fine as “Hamlet” a character I have heard from many he has never been surpassed in the colony, for my part I doubt it - The afterpiece was a Burlesque called the ”Maid & the Magpie” which served to introduce another new actress Miss Rose



Evans, a pretty little fair haired fasinating little woman who has already established herself as a first favorite to the Theatre loving public - Thursday evening I went to a public meeting held in Albert St. Bpt. Chapel, several ministers spoke upon the subject they met upon viz Christian Usefulness” I dare say it was interesting to many present. I certainly sympathised with the object of the meeting, but I must say I never listened to such a lot of dry commonplace speaches before – I at the conclusion I met Miss Stone, who had been singing there, & walked home with her. Friday evening we spent together, came home early & assisted Fred with some of his work, he & his partner are not doing much & in their spare time they are engaged in compiling an almanac for 1870 I fear they have undertaken a job they can scarcely carry out. Saturday afternoon I went to see Mary, found her very weak. I fear that she will never be herself again, she used to be so jolly & full of spirit, but this last year or two I have noticed her getting very lowspirited & anything but vivacious, unless with a very great effort I think Clarks manner has a great deal to do with it, he is a peculiar tempered man, very precise, very particular, & excessively irritable, to an enthusiastic & impulsive nature, like Marys. I think he means



well, but his overbearing self conceit & a sensitiveness peculiarly his own renders him a miserable man, unconsciously to himself – he is his own, greatest enemy, he is clever, there is no doubt, but there is an unsettleness & a ficlleness about him which renders him very obnoxious at times, unconsciously to himself he is very mean & then as if ashamed of himself at times he is lavishly extravagant & liberal I remained about an hour with them when I came home after tea, still being wet, I went to the Haymarket Theatre to see a company of very clever French Acrobats, one of them is the strangest man I ever saw, another one the Flying Trapeze does miracles of agility - Morning & evening of to day I went to hear Mr Henderson In the afternoon I took a long strool with Miss Stone The political world has been all action lately owing to the resignation of the McCulloch Ministry & the difficulty that has been found in forming a new one which has been accomplished by McPherson (a native born politician) I think on the whole his party will be able to give a good account of themselves -

Octr. 31 1869 Melbourne.
Weather very unsettled raining nearly every day. The English Mail arrived on Monday, bringing me a long letter from my Uncle Joseph Watmuff of Brighton in answer to one I sent him some 7 months ago



he alludes principally to my fathers behaviour & treatment of his family since leaving Victoria in not very favourable terms, he accuses him of being guilty of all manner of petty meannesses, having borrowed money from my late Uncle Henry & never returned it & of being set up in business by him no less than three times & on each occasion having come to grief in consequence of his idle dilatory habits, he also states that Aunt Lucy had willed all her property Etc, which was considerable to him & his family (Joseph states he saw the Will shortly after its execution) but owing to some business transaction she had with my father, in which he did not act very honorably towards her, she altered her will & left it all to strangers, her antipathy lasted to her death. Uncle regards my father being so foolish not on account of my father but he is sorry we should suffer for his folly, (or selfishness as he terms it) he himself states that he has done with him for ever & hopes never to see him again – he wishes I had written to him years ago such a letter as I I sent him which he compliments me by calling a beautiful one, & desires now to continue my correspondence with him, & that in his next letter he will give me particulars as to his own affairs & its ultimate disposal, he says he does not intend leaving my father nor Aunt Sarah a penny & In



[regard] to my Uncle John Tom he says his money (£800) was equally divided between himself my father & Aunt Sarah on condition that if J.Tom turned up it was to be returned to Joseph, as trustee, & reinvested, he has lodged his third in the Bank & until the others do ditto, he says he will not send out a penny interest - he is a stubborn man I think, & will keep his word, & I feel assured the others will not refund but will send out to J.T. their share of the interest to J.Tom & keep control of the principal themselves - In fact my father sent out £12.10.0 for J.T. as his yearly share, he also sent £7.10.0 towards the expenses attending Bessies wedding, (which £50 would not cover) father does not like the idea of her being married he says he had other views in reference to her future that was for her to go to England & devote her life to him in the capacity of nurse, a pretty picture truly! but one that would have had no charms for Bessie, considering she barely remembers him & that he hasnt done anything for her to endear him to her. Monday evening I spent at Herr Schetts singing. Tuesday Thursday & Saturday evenings I spent with Miss Stone. Wednesday night I spent at my sister Bessies. Friday I remained at home Saturday afternoon I went to the Fitzroy Gardens to hear the Band play. Sunday morning & evening I went to hear Mr Henderson preach. In the afternoon Miss Stone & I took a long strool to the Cemetery -



Weather hot & sultry, very busy at the office Spent my leisure much as usual. Monday evening singing at Stewarts Tuesday, Thursday, & Saturday nights I spent in company with Miss Stone. My people taunt me a good deal about her making it very unpleasent for me, for I should like to introduce her to our house & try & establish something like a good feeling between my relatives & hers, but under present circumstances it is impossible so the breach gets wider & to make things none the better her parents are strange & distant in the manner. Since I have known Miss S. I have not been invited once inside the house. I go into the shop occasionally, where I see them sometimes, it is a great mistake on parents part to act this way, they allow her to come & meet me & they know we go about a great deal together & yet they dont bother or ask any questions concerning my intentions, indeed if they did I dont know what I should say. I certainly mean to marry her, as soon as I can in spite of everything if she will have me, sometimes she is so cold & stiff towards me that I feel inclined to cut her altogether & again she is all smiles & exceedingly affectionate in her manner, Heavens only



knows what the upshot will be. I have a presentiment tho’ I am not in the slightest degree superstitious that I am going to have a lot of trouble over the affair - Wednesday evening I spent at with my sister Mary, Clark was out, she advises me to get married if I can, if it wasnt for those infernal mining shares at Avoca I would have had enough to have furnished a house comfortably I have nearly £20 to pay before the year is out as it is on them & no prospect whatever of a return. Friday evening Mr & Mrs Bauman spent at our house, while here a fire broke out in the next street & on going to see it found it to be a small cottage belonging to Mrs Silk, a hard working woman who has for years been in the habit of doing my mothers washing & rough work she is a decent sober woman but her family are a bad lot, as it is she has lost every thing not being insured I am very sorry for her, I & some others intend trying to raise a few pounds to enable her to build up her cottage again - This has been a busy week in Melb’ owing to the races, the great event of the year the Cup race was won by “Warrior”.

This morning I went to hear a new mass sang at St. Francis. In the evening I heard Mr Henderson preach he was very earnest & eloquent -



Novr. 14 1869
Still hot & sultry & likely to be worse for some months instead of better - Very busy at the office I have nothing of interest to note. I am sick of continually relating the same thing week after week smatters so of egotism. Monday night I spent at Schetts, Collins St., practising a lot of glees Etc for a concert he is to give shortly - Tuesday & Thursday I spent with Lizzie & on Saturday evening I took her to see the German Tragedian Herr Bandman in the “Corsican Brothers” he was very good, but I have seen others that I liked much better in the same character, Lizzie seemed pleased with the performance & that pleased me -

Wednesday evening I spent with my sister Mary. I fancy she is looking much better lately - Sunday morning & evening I went to Church, collections were made for the Sabbath School - In the afternoon Miss S. & I went out for a walk.

Novr. 21 1869
Weather very unsettled, but close & sultry. Time spent as usual, very monotonously. I seem to be losing all the enthusiasm of youth & with it ambition I feel that having got into a certain groove I am



incapable of getting out of it. I had thought that by industry & strict attention to business in the employ I am in that my services would be recognised, but such is not the case. I find the careless ones get along as well as the hard workers & careful ones in the Rly companys employ my salary is too small & inadequate for the work I perform - If I had been in any other employ I am sure I should have been very differently treated. It is folly repining, human nature seems ordained to bear & suffer & I am not to be an exception Tuesday & Thursday evenings I spent with Lizzie I cannot account for the fasination, or infatuation as some would term it, I feel toward her. Monday evening I spent at home with mother. Wednesday & Saturday evening I spent at Schetts singing he gives a Concert next Wednesday at which I am to sing - Friday evening I spent at Clarks, G.Clark & his family were there on a visit from Sydney for a few days. Saturday afternoon I went to the sports on the Melbourne Cricket Ground saw some excellent running by the best athletes the colony possess - I met a number of acquaintances, left the ground in company with Mrs. Young, Mrs. Burtt & Miss Stoddart, I wish it had been somebody else with us, I cannot induce Lizzie to come out any where with me except in an evening occasionally to the Theatre or to a concert, I



suppose it is owing to her having to assist in the business I was grieved this evening (Sunday) with her. I went to hear the Revd. C.Clark at whose chapel Lizzie attends, at the conclusion of the service I met her, she was exceedingly cool & distant toward me, which considering our close intimacy lately rather surprised me, & to make matters worse she could give me no reason for her strange conduct in fact I could hardly get a word out of her. I had seen her in these moods before & know it to be impossible to expect anything like an explanation from her. I cannot understand such an order of mind & the consequence was I got angry & she more reticent, than ever, & so we parted We may never meet again, I shall try & see her during the week & if she continues the same I shall break the spell that binds me to her & all that I hold dear in Melb - & take to my old life again, I cannot understand why she acts as she does occasionally like this Can some ill natured person have remarked to her my meeting lady friends yesterday & paying them only the usual every day attentions that any gentleman might pay a lady, & owing to her limited knowledge of the usages of society, being inspired with that devil created passion, jealousy, if so, how cruelly she wrongs me for I had her incessantly in my



thoughts & was surprised at finding myself thinking how very few of the vast numbers of ladies present would compare in point of beauty with Lizzie – & how proud I would be if she was only with me - I feel assured it is as I expect that some remarks have been made by some busy body or another that has annoyed her. - I was nearly forgetting to mention that I had a visit paid me at the office by Mrs Hooper & Mrs. Hickey on Monday to enquire if I had heard from Bobby who they last heard of was at the diggings in Gympie, Queensland, the old lady was in a great state of mind because I had not, but most singular to relate I was accompanying them from my office to the Railway platform when who should we meet but Bob himself, who had within an hour of the time arrived per steamer from Queensland – & was coming to enquire from me if I had heard anything about his mother & sister, I cannot discribe their joy at meeting so unexpectedly, they left the following day for Sandhurst together -

Novr. 28 1869
Weather unsettled, & what is strange, very cold & stormy - Very busy at the office, several large vessels discharging at our pier - Great excitement has been created in Melb owing to the arrival of the Flying Squadron consisting of Six (6) large Man of War Ships arriving in our



port on the 26th.inst. which intend remaining in our port for a week Great exertions have been made to raise funds for the “Benevolent Asylum” by giving a series of Concerts & Lectures principally at the New Exhibition Building, but I am sorry to state with poor results as yet -

The English Mail arrived on the 26th. no news of any importance to us colonists. The Disestablishment of the Irish Church & its consequences still occupying public attention at home - With regard to my own honorable self things are much about the same only much happier with regard to my relations with Miss Stone. I met her on Monday evening & peace was once more restored, but I could not get out of her the cause of her strange manner toward me of the night before. I suppose it will come out sometime or another. Tuesday & Thursday evening I spent with her. Wednesday night – Schetts “Invitation Concert” at the Mechanics Institute” came off, being very fashionably attended it was a nice little affair being mostly pupils of Schett’s who performed, on its concluding, most of the performers adjourned to Schetts private residence where we danced & sang until 3 Am next day got drenching wet coming home in company with J.Evans. Friday evening I spent at Burtts



Burtt was out (but Mrs B (formerly Emily Walters) was at home several other friends of hers dropped in & we managed to spend a pleasent evening together, on arriving home I found my mother very ill suffering from severe spasms. I am happy to state she is much better now, but they have left her very weak Yesterday afternoon I took a strool into town found it rather quiet & deserted owing to the sports, being held at the Friendly Societies Ground, proving attractive & to the fact of the ceremony of making over the ground to trustees, by His Excellency Sir J H Manners Sutton taking place. In the evening I met Miss Stone & we took a long walk as far as Johnstons Street Bridge & back together. This morning & evening I went to Church & in the afternoon in company with Liz I went for a walk to the Cemetery, on arriving home found Bessie & Bond, at mothers, who staid tea -

Tuesday being “Constitution Day” was observed as a halfholiday by the Railway, being a wet day it was a matter of indifference to me whether it was a holiday or not

Decr. 5th.1869
Tempus Fugit Another week passed, spent by me, that is my leisure, much as usual in spite of the festivities going on in consequence of feting the officers & crew of the Ships of War in Harbour - Friday a monster pic nic was given to them at FernTree



Gully, 1000 people were invited to it by the Mayor Mr Amess. The same day the Admiral of the fleet “Hornsby” allowed the vessels to be thrown open for inspection & for the reception of the School children – it really warmed ones heart to see the thousands of little girls & boys on our platform going down by Rail to Sandridge, the Compy for once acting liberally conveying them to & fro @ 3p ahead, another 3p took them on board & back & so was spent by them a day that will be remembered. Balls have been given every evening for the officers entertainment & they in return gave an Amateur Dramatic performance at the Haymarket Theatre, was *proved a great success. Sailors in uniform have been swarming the streets for days past & on the whole I think they have nothing to complain about the manner they have been treated in Melbourne

Monday Thursday Friday & Saturday nights I spent with Miss Stone, we went to Weston & Husseys Negro Entertainment one night - Tuesday night in company with my friend Marsden I went to hear the “Opera of Bohemian Girl” performed in “Camera” by the members of the Philharmonic Society in the Haymarket Theatre it was a great success not only in point of attendance but also with reference to the performance, the Choral work was the best ever heard in Melb’, & with regard to



principals considering they were only amateurs, they acquitted themselves very creditably. Bella Staff, who was so successful in “Ernani” was the Arline & sang her part remarkably well considering her youth & the little experience she has had. This reflects great credit on her teacher, David Lee, T.Lamble sang the Baritone part first rate, his singing was greatly admired. Angus the Basse was good. I am surprised he does not sing more, he is very stiff & inaccurate but he possesses a splended voice. Donaldson was the Thaddeus & he sang his music very tastefully & prettily, but the music on the whole considering the key it is written in was too high for him, his best effort was in the well known song “You’ll Remember Me” which he sang beautifully - The Duet the “Secret of her Birth” was far too much for him – altogether it was a very creditable performance, & I was very pleased with it -

Wednesday evening I spent at Marys. Bessie & George Bond were there & my mother. Thursday I received a letter from John Tom enquiring if any money arrived pr. last mail for him I replied in the negative Thursday, Friday & Saturday evenings I spent with Miss Stone, we went to hear the Christy Minstrels (Weston & Husseys) last night. This afternoon (Sunday) we took a long walk together & after church came out this evening, I met her & walked home with her-. I went to hear Mr Henderson this morning & evening -



Decr. 12th. 1869 Melbourne
Lovely weather for this time of the year The Flying Squadron left the Bay last Tuesday without my seeing one of the vessels - Monday evening I spent at Stewarts singing Tuesday & Thursday evening I spent with Lizzie. Wednesday, my mother was taken very unwell with dysentry I went over to Et Melb in the evening to see Bessie & request her to come & spend the next day with mother , which she did. I am happy to state she is quite well now - Friday evening I spent at Burtts, Miss Stoddart & the Misses Harrisons with others were there & I found the time pass so agreeably that it was late before I left -

Saturday afternoon I went to the Picture Gallery, there being a new addition to the Gallery of a picture called “Autumnal Showers” which has cost the trustees £500, it did not strike me as being of such particular merit as to warrant the eulogies that have been passed upon it by the Art Critics it is a pretty English Landscape & a difficult work perhaps for a person who is not an artist to pass an opinion upon, however I cannot see £500 worth in the work. I met Belle Staff on leaving the place & we took a strool about town together, she could speak of nothing else but her



sweetheart a Mr Howitz a Dane, a very nice fellow, that I have met at Mrs. Florauns many times I dont know if he is going to marry her but she seems awfully smitten with him -

In the evening I met Lizzie as usual & we took a long walk together. This afternoon ditto & in the evening I took her to hear Mr Henderson

Beautiful weather for this time of the year - Time spent much as usual. Monday evening I called at Burtts did not stay long there but went to Stewarts singing until 11 pm. Tuesday & Thursday nights spent with Miss Stone, Wednesday I went to Clark & in company with Bessie & George who live in the neighbourhood we went to see Clarks new house which is nearly finished, while there Mr & Mrs MComas called, (Julia Davis that was, she has been married about 5 months) they gave me a very pressing invitation to visit them. I spent the evening at Bessies, mother & Fred were there – 12 pm when we got home. Friday, my cousin H Vickerman came down from the country to make some purchases, he is to be married on the 24 inst to a Miss Mary Ronald, a farmers daughter who lives in the neighbourhood. In the evening we all went to see Mr Robt.Heller at the Apollo Hall,



he is a very clever conjuror & succeeded in bamboozling his audience pretty considerably, he is assisted by his sister a Miss Heidei Heller who does some extraordinary feats on what is called second sight, what pleased me most was Hellers Piano Forte playing. I fancy he is the best player I ever heard & my opinion is borne out by the critics who allude to him in forms of the highest praise, & yet to my mind he is only a mechanical artist, there is a great want of taste & light & shade in his playing, but as far as execution & difficult manipulation is concerned he is A.1. On arriving home we found Miss Norris & her intended husband Mr Spinks *who had been spending the evening with mother, they remained about an hour afterwards. Spinks seems to me to be a rather self centred little egotistical man, but with all a smart fellow. Saturday afternoon I went to hear the Band play at the Gardens & in the evening I met Miss Stone & we took our customary long walk together. To day has been frightfully hot, did not venture out in the morning but in the afternoon I went to Carlton Gardens & finding a shady spot, I spent an hour or two smoking a cigar Etc. In the evening in company with Miss Stone I went to Church -



[Sunday, 26 December 1869] Decr.12th 1869
The weather during the week has been fearfully hot especially last Monday & Tuesday when the The’ stood at 109º in the shade making life itself unbearable – fortunately the weather changed in the evening when a quantity of rain fell making things a little more pleasent. Monday evening I spent at Stewarts. Tuesday evening I spent with Lizzie, Wednesday evening I went to the Theatre to see a new actor named Bartlett perform in a play called “Lavater”, he taking the principle character, which of course was Lavater the physiogomist. I liked him pretty well, but he is not a C Kean or Brooke or Sullivan, I enjoyed the dancing of the sisters Duvalli afterwards, they are the best Terpsichorean that have ever visited the colony. Thursday evening Fred & I spent very pleasently at my sister Mary’s. Friday evening Miss Stone & I spent together. Saturday being X mas day I had a holiday. In the morning I went to hear Mozarts 12th.Mass at St Francis R.C. Chapel on arriving home I found Mary & Clark, Bessie & Bond at our house who staid dinner & spent the afternoon with us. In the evening we all went to the Theatre Royal, to hear the “Messiah”, the place was frightfully crowded. I took Miss Stone, & we succeeded in securing a good seat in the stalls, a Miss Bailey (Mrs Smythe) who used to be very popular in Melb. some years



ago, but who has been travelling in India, China & St Africa since, sang for the first time since her return, she took the sophano parts, but was far from successful she appeared to be extremely nervous, she has a voice of rather a midling quality, limited range & rather screeching, her best effort was in the Solo “He shall feed flock”. I have no doubt she will, improve & become a favorite in Melb. S.Lamble a Baritone from Ballarat, sang well, his rendering of “Why do the Nations” has scarcely been equalled in Melbourne Donaldson was never in better form & succeeded in pleasing a very critical audience. Nelly Lambert sang tolerably, & shows signs of improvement under David Lee her instructor, & who also acted as conductor of that is Lee, it was very late when we got home. Sunday morning I went to Church ditto, in the evening with Lizzie, very hot -

The English Mail arrived in due time no letters from fathers relatives, mother had a short letter from Aunt Ellen Bryer (her sister).

Jany 2nd 1870
Commencement of another year, & not without regret that the last one has passed & so very unprofitably as far as concerns myself. I trust the present one will be more fruitful, my journal



contains little that would give a stranger an idea of my thoughts & feelings, being principally a recital of the most interesting events I be connected with. What will this year bring forth “pleasure & pain! joy or sorrow! it is well the future is veiled from us or else in how many cases would our lives be unbearable -

On Monday @ 10 am in company with a large party of friends & acquaintances (between 40 & 50) I went to a picnic at Heidelberg, the prettiest village out of Melbourne – most of the party went out in Buggies some on horseback, while the rest went out in the Coach that usually plys there, which we had engaged to convey us there & back We camped on a farm belonging to a person named Fanning who was very kind to us in providing us milk & allowing us to boil our Kettle & also granted us the use of the Piano & as the drawing room opened on the Verandah we enjoyed ourselves amazingly singing & dancing & playing all sorts of games, we visited a fine garden in the neighbourhood & as the fruit was ripe & the owner not chary of it we regaled ourselves pretty considerably We left about 8 pm & got back to town, but not without an accident happening which by more by good luck than judgement did not end seriously. A buggy Mr Spinks was driving broke down going out Mr. S. leg got a little bruised & the ladies had their dresses torn coming home the same Buggy broke down again, & its passengers had to be distributed amongst the others –



I went to Bessies house on getting into town arrived home at mothers about 11 pm found some of the party there enjoying themselves – my pleasure was somewhat damped, having called at my sister Marys & finding her very unwell I have been to many a picnic where I enjoyed myself better, I went to it very reluctantly. After I had promised to join some fortnight back I of course intended to take Miss Stone with me but she knowing my sister Bessie was going & their love for each other not being of a very warm nature, she declined going. I was annoyed, & yet couldnt back out of my promise as I had assisted in forming the party & many, if I had been absent, would not have gone, but for the future I intend to study my own feelings in such matters -

Tuesday evening I met Lizzie & she was rather cool toward me, we parted without my knowing why she was so strange I suppose she thought it unkind of my going to the picnic without her.

Wednesday evening I called to see Mary found her a little better, from there I went to Stewarts staidd about an hour singing scales - Thursday evening Fred & I sang a couple of songs each at a Soiree held in the Congregational Chapel Et Melb’ it was a very quiet affair Enoch Taylor & his daughter & son in Law Mr Wilson



were the other vocalists, after the affair was over we went to see Bessie who lives near by the Chapel, found her very ill & under the Doctors hands, from what I can make out she was suffering from a miscarriage which after all turns out to be a “false conception” found mother with her, but she came away with us - Friday evening I went to Stewarts, staid there till 9 pm, on leaving I took a strool down Brunswick St & met Lizzie returning from visiting her sister her coolness had vanished & she was as good natured & kind as ever we extended our rambles until 11 pm on arriving home found several people at our house & we sat up, being the last day in the year, to see the new year in Saturday was a lovely day. I did not leave home until 2 pm when I strooled over to the Royal Park, was astonished to find such a number of people there, principally children from the various Sunday schools, among the number I found the Albert St Baptist Chapel Sunday School, met Miss Stone, who was or is rather a scholar or teacher, she left & in company with me, we visited the Gardens of the Acclimatisation Stys spent a couple of hours very pleasently together, the grounds are nicely laid out & contain a variety of interesting specimens of natural history – after tea we met again & took a pleasent strool together in Carlton Gardens until 10 pm. Sunday morning I went to church



ditto in the evening when Mr Jeffries of Adelaide preached, considering the reputation he has there, I was rather disappointed, after sitting under Mr Henderson one gets rather fastidious, on leaving the church I went to Albert St Chapel & met Miss Stone coming out, walked home with her – On Tuesday I received a letter from Uncle John Tom anxiously enquiring if any letters had arrived per last Mail for him, I replied in the negative.

Jany 9th:1870
Weather hot & sultry Monday being a Customs Holiday there was nothing doing so I left the office about middle of the day & came home, being very hot I did not go anywhere in particular, strooled into town & got caught in a thunderstorm on my way home, rained all night. I went to the Theatre in the evening & sat out the poorest pantomine I ever witnessed, called “Jack Sheppard,” there was a most miserable attendance. Tuesday evening I went to Et Melb & assisted Clark in removing his furniture to his new house in Powlett St.11 pm when I got home. Wednesday evening I spent with Lizzie. Thursday & Friday evenings I spent at home. Saturday afternoon I went to the Melb’ Cricket Ground to see the lately arrived



productions, Hewitt & Bird - & Toply the walker the price of admission to the ground being 2/6. I contented myself with an outside ticket but with the aid of an opera glass I saw as much of the races as if I had been inside the ground. The whole performance was a great disappointment, the Englishman sent being in condition were beaten in everything they they were entered for, they were rather heavily handicapped but they never gained upon their handicaps, our colonial walker Lyall & Woodhouse are much prettier & fairer walkers than Toply & I am sure our runners, will prove a tough match for Hewitt & Bird even when they are in their best form. In fact our Colonial Champion, Harris, has challenged, Hewitt to race him at five (5) different lengths for a large sum, & I hear it has been accepted, the race to bee seen in about 6 weeks from now – it speaks well for our colonial athletes that they can hold their own against the crack ones of England – After tea I saw my darling Lizzie & we took our customary strool together, which seldom ends till nearly 11.30pm her fathers shop is kept open till 12 on Saturdays & they does not object to her staying out to that hour but other evenings she has to be home by 9 pm, they are awfully quiet people & rather unsociable, all the time I have been going with their daughter they have never invited me inside the house, if I



wish to see Lizzie the only chance I have is when she happens to be in the shop. It is not right, in fact most parents would object, & *resist properly to, having daughters in allowing them to go out, or abroad, To continually to see their lovers – but they dont appear to see any harm in it. Sunday morning I went to Church & in the afternoon I took a strool with Lizzie & in the evening we went to hear Mr Henderson deliver his promised lecture to “Young Men”, his sermon was principally taken up with the early life of the apostle Paul, from which I gained more information concerning his life & labour than ever I knew before, he illustrated his subject by relating the lines of many celebrated men who had risen to fame in the worlds history

Jany 16th.1870
Weather very hot. Two days of the week been the warmest of the season so far, Very busy at the office never was more so, I think our Traffic is increasing, but it matters not, as far as the employees are concerned, whether the railroads *carry 5% or 20%, they are not benefited. Spent Monday, Wednesday & Saturday evenings with Lizzie Tuesday evening I spent at my sister Mary’s Thursday my cousin Harry Vickerman (came to Town



leaving his wife at home, Monument Creek Nr Mount Macedon) & I spent the evening at My sister Bessies, Hotham St Et Melbourne, time passed very pleasently. Friday evening I met Marsden & accompanied him to the Choir of B.S.W Chapel where I joined in singing Some anthems Etc This morning I went to hear Mr Henderson In the afternoon, I took a strool with Miss Stone, & in the evening I went to hear the Rev Mr Clark who preached one of the most eloquent Sermons I ever listened to, met Lizzie at its close & accompanied her home –

Jany 23 1870
Weather very fine, still busy at the office, the pier Crowded with ships. English Mail arrived last Friday no news of any importance. My pleasure time spent much as usual Monday evening I spent at Bessies. Mr & Mr Dewar, & Mary were there & we succeeded in passing a very pleasent evening – Tuesday evening I went to the Mechanics Institute in company with Marsden, to hear some pieces sang by members of the Philharmonic Society, at the conclusion I acompanied Idalia Rekowski & Miss Odele home to Richmond. Wednesday night I spent in company with my darling Lizzie, 10pm when we parted Thursday evening I spent at Stewarts, Friday evening Fred & I went to Emerald Hill to Hamiltons



Miss Campbell & Miss Daken called, so spent a very pleasent evening together, Miss D plays very well on the piano, Hamilton walked to town with, [us] 12pm when we got home. Saturday afternoon I went to get my portrait taken at Botterills in Collins St on leaving the place I went to the Yarra to witness a rowing match for a handsome Cup, presented by the well known Soft Goods Merchant G Stevenson Esq it was contested for by four crews selected by from from four different soft goods warehouses. The racing was very good. McNaughton Loves crew winning the cup, the day was very hot rendering it very unpleasent for the spectators who indulged in a race up the bank witnessing the race, after a good tea & bath, feeling refreshed I went out & calling for Lizzie we took a long walk together Sunday morning it was fearfully hot I did nt not go out In the afternoon, Lizzie & I spent together in a shady nook in Carlton Gardens & in the morning I accompanied her to C.S.Chapel where the Revd Mr Martin preached, he had lately arrived from England to take charge of the Collins St Baptist Chapel, rendered vacant by the dismisal of The Revd W Taylor, whose case has been so prominently Before the public, he preached an excellent sermon from Revelations 21 & 22 verses -



Jany 30 1870
Weather unbearable due to the excessive heat. Still busy at the office Spent several evenings With Lizzie – Thursday evening I went to the Theatre to Akhursts Benefit, a popular Extravaganza & newspaper writer, who is going to England, the place was fearfully crowded - Friday evening we had quite a party at our house, my sisters, & the Misses Pitts, Campbell, Dakin & *Howitz & others, spent the time very pleasently – This afternoon (Sunday) Lizzie & I took a walk together & in the evening she accom- -panied me to hear the Revd Mr Graham, of Sydney preach, he & Mr Henderson have exchanged pulpits for a month- Feby 6th 1870
Hot weather on two occasions the thermometer has reached 100ºf in the shade during the week. I have felt very unwell during the week, suffering from dysentry & from anxiety arising from a foolish action on my part & also from the failure of the Vulcan Reef company which means my having to pay a share of the losses, besides the loss of all I have already paid in & upon my shares, enough to drive a fellow crasy I had thought of getting married this month but *how I am without a single penny. I recvd a letter from



from John Tom requesting me to send him something as he was not very well, not having any I could not comply with his request, tho if I had any to spare I doubt whether I would send him any if I had money for he is an old humbug & one whose voracity is not of the highest order Feby 13 1870
Weather very hot but not so bad as it was a fortnight since, very busy at the office The half yearly meeting was held a few days ago & resulted very satisfactely as far as the shareholders were concerned there being a better dividend declared than the last half year with a prospect of increased business – It is to be hoped that the clerks salaries will be taken into consideration with the Comps. increased prosperity I am sick of drudging along on my present “screw” I have not much faith in my employers they are proverbially mean & parsimonious, hardly a day passes without a letter appearing in the papers complaining of the *raggardly manner things are conducted by the directors in some form or another – Monday night I went to hear the Opera Compy that Lyster has just introduced into the colony. Five principal in in all. Lucy Chambers the contralto is a colonial bred lady who went to Italy seven years ago to study, she appeared at La Scala Milan & I believe was successful there the other members are quite new to us. The sophano Signorina



Barratti is young & somewhat inexperienced I should imagine from her manners on the stage that is judging from her acting, but she has a magnificant Sophano voice, good quality combined with a great range, a voice that I doubt has ever been heard or equalled in Victoria, the Tenor is also good, Signor Neri, he an elderly man & must possess a fine constitution to have preserved the freshness of his voice at his age, he is a brother in law of the celebrated tenor Mongini of European celebrity, his voice is of a fine robust quality possessing great power & a very high range which is something unusual for that quality of voice Contini the Baritone has a sweet sympathetic voice & appears to be highly thought of, the Bass, Dondi is a fine fine looking man with a splendid voice, scarcely heavy enough [to] be styled a Basso profundi, but still a fine voice very even & resonant a singer who will become a great favourite I fancy when the rest will have become tame – although I must say that the tenor Basso voices are far from being equal to the Baritone & Basso we had here two years ago. I allude to Bertolini & Antoni, the latter who came to such an untimely end on his voyage *4 California – Ernani was the opera I heard then performed & it was the greatest treat I ever had. I had heard it before but it was never so perfectly done, from the fact of our never having voices capable of singing the music of all the parts equally Tuesday & Thursday evening I spent with Lizzie Wednesday evening I spent very pleasently at Mary’s Friday evening Mary & Clark, Bessie & Bond called at



our house & staid until 11 pm at our house – Saturday morning I took Lizzie out for a long walk ditto this afternoon & in the evening she accompanied me to hear Mr Graham preach at Mr Hendersons Church at the conclusion of the service I met Mother & I introduced Lizzie to her I am afraid they did not take kindly to each other

20th.Feby 1870
Weather very hot. last Tuesday being the hottest day of the season the Thermometer registering 107º f in the shade Continues busy at the office. Spent my leisure much as usual. Monday night I went to hear “Lucrezia Borgia” in which Opera Lucy Chambers the Contralto made her debut in, she has a fine rich voice but considering her reputation & the way she has been extolled I fancy she has been greatly overestimated, she appears to me to be too fat & puffy to sing, she is the best actress of the Troupe, & what with her being a colonist & her personal attraction in the way of legs she created quite a furore I never knew any one to get such a reception as she did although I have known many more deserving, she is nothing in comparison to Sara Flowers as a singer & yet people are going into ectasies about her, her singing of theBrindis “Il Segreto” was much admired & was the best effort on her part of the *evening. Baratti was very fine as Lucrezia as far as the singing was concerned, Neri & Dondi came up to expectation in their respective parts, taken altogether



it was the finest representation of the opera we ever had all the parts being properly filled. Tuesday Thursday & Saturday evenings I spent with Miss Stone, Wednesday evening I spent at Clarks my mother had been spending the day there so I brought her home. G Bond & Bessie went to Schnapper Point on Sunday last & will not return until next week Mother got a letter from them yesterday stating they were enjoying themselves very much & Bessie was very much better for her trip there. Saturday afternoon I took a ramble into town for an hour came home & read Sunday morning not feeling very well I went into the gardens & spent the time reading In the afternoon I did ditto but being in company with Lizzie made it more agreeable spent the evening with her. – Mail arrived from England, no letter from any relations by it. Feby 27th.1870
Weather excessively hot, Tuesday being one of the hottest I ever experienced. I trust the worst part of the season is over. Still continues busy at the office but not to the extent the proprietary desires, Thursday evening I went to hear Verdies Opera “Ballo in Maschera” but was disappointed owing to the indisposition of the Tenor, Deroti “Lucrezia Borgia” was substituted in its place & a finer production was never witnessed in this colony. I met Clark & Mary there & we enjoyed ourselves very much. I regret very much that Miss Stone cannot accompany me to here these entertainments, it would improve her tastes



very much, she has been out very little & not seen much owing to a great extent on her parents past in not allowing her out after a certain hour. Sunday morning I went to the Catholic Chapel & heard a very fine Mass sung. In the afternoon Lizzie & I went for a walk In the evening I went to Church Mr Legge preached an excellent sermon. I shall be glad when Mr Henderson returns, he is expected from Sydney during the week in time to renew his duties by next Sunday on leaving, after the service, I went to the Albert St Chapel & there met Lizzie coming out, saw her home-

March 6, 1870
Lovely weather, cool, pleasent breezes blowing as a rule Very busy at the office, little time to devote to anything but business Monday night I called for Lizzie who had been spending the afternoon at her Uncles who is in business in the Boot & Shoe line in Bourke St. Tuesday I spent with Mary trying over some Duets Wednesday & Friday morning I passed in company with Miss Stone Thursday evening I spent at Clarks. Saturday afternoon I went along with thousands of others to the Melb’ Cricket Ground to witness the running matches between F Hewitt (who is considered to be the champion runner of the world) & J.Harris, (a colonial born & bred young fellow) the latter challenged Hewitt to run 5 races of various distances ranging from 100 yds to 440. Three to be run on 5th.*say yesterday, viz 150 200 & 300 yds, there was an immense amount of people on the ground & the greatest excitement & enthusiasm prevailed. The first two distances, 100 & 200,



were won by Harris, but the third distance was hardly contested, but unfortunately resulted in a dead heat, great interest will be taken in the next two events, which are to take place tomorrow afternoon, it was late when I got home to tea, but afterwards I found time to visit Lizzie Sunday morning I went to church & was pleased to find Mr Henderson at his post again, he had landed from the steamer about 2 hours before service commencing Miss Stone accompanied me in the evening to hear him

March 13th.1870
Weather very warm. Time spent much as usual during the past week & not time to waste on particulars

March 20 1870
Weather very unsettled The English Mail arrived on Thursay bringing us a long letter from Father containing replys to my my mothers last letter home, he alludes very bitterly to the spirit in which mother writes, & also to Uncle Joes behavior to him for many years past, I cannot understand why this should be so, especially when I call to mind the kind letter Uncle Joe sent me, father severely alludes to the Chancery Case, our hopes in that quarter are not very bright. Wednesday evening my brother Fred was taken very ill with same complaint that he suffered from last year, but I fear in a more aggravated form. I sat up with him two nights, the first of which I thought he never would survive. Dr Hewlett has been in attendance upon ever since. I think he is much better



this evening – poor fellow he suffered dreadful pain, his digestive organs I fancy must be very much impaired Monday morning I went to Hamiltons found Mr & Mrs going to spend the evening at Campbells (Bank) & Miss Campbell being there she insisted upon me accompanying them which I did, found a large number of people there spent the night very pleasently dancing & singing. 3Am next morning when we broke up, the rest of the night I slept at Hamiltons, walked into business with Jim in the morning, saw Miss Stone several times during the week but owing to Freds illness not so often as usual. Sunday morning I went to Church –

March 27th.1870
Lovely weather during the week, rather slack at the office first time I have been able to state such a case for many a long day. I am happy to state that my brother Fred is so far recovered as to be able to resume his business duties, tho he is still very weak & far from well I received a letter from Uncle John Tom last Monday he is annoyed at Uncle Joe not sending him his interests, he purposes writing to him tho by the next mail & giving him a “bit of his mind”. I fully expected having heard from Uncle Joe by the last mail myself. I wish he would send me some money for I have managed to get myself into a devil of a scrape the subject of which I dare not commit to these pages in case of accidents, when another who is very dear to me would be compromised – I must get over it, but the



anxiety I have endured & am enduring is fearful. Monday, Wednesday Friday & Saturday evenings I spent In company with Miss Stone Tuesday evening I was in very low spirits & I went to hear Barratti in Norma the first production of the season, she sang magnificantly no language can describe the enthusiasm of the crowed assemblage present produced by her rendering of the music I have heard several say who have heard Grisi in the character that that artiste, great as she was in the part, never sang it better. Neri [as] “Pollio” was excellent & spirited & Dondi was very fine as ”Ovorisso” I never was better pleased by a performance I ever witnessed, tho’ I was in low spirits & could not help being roused from my lethargy. Thursday evening Mrs. W.Bond came to tea & spent the evening with us. Sunday morning I went to Church took a strool in the afternoon & in the evening I went to St Peters Church – April 3rd 1870
Hot weather, Monday evening Mrs. Bauman & Jessie Smart called & had tea at our house & spent the evening, it is some time since I saw her last she is not altered in the slightest, after the explanation we had I thought her feelings towards me would have changed but no, she was as soft as ever & when she got an opportunity she commenced to allude to the state of her feelings towards me as not having changed, although she informed me that she knew all about my the attentions I was paying Miss Stone, I cut her short as mildly as



as I could by telling her that I really did love Miss Stone & my intention was if possible to marry her & to avoid further annoyance I cleared out at 8 o'c & called for Liz, but not before I had to give Jessie a promise that I would come & see her off by the Geelong steamer on Wednesday, which I did nothing accusing in our leave taking but the usual civilities common on such occasions, the same evening Wednesday, I spent at Clarks, Geo Bond got into a serious mess the same evening. Mrs. Dewar had been spending the day with them & Geo & Bessie were accompanying her home & when going through the Tresuary Gardens, a man or blaguard, insulted them by making some coarse remarks, they took no notice of the fellow at first when he continued his behaviour & on George remonstrating with him, the man rushed upon Geo’ & dealt him a terrific blow behind the ear which dropped him Bessie & Mrs D ran away screaming which had the effect of bringing others to the spot. Geo gathered himself up & with the assistance of Mr R.Jack, an acquaintance of Bonds, they succeeded after a desperate struggle with the wretch (who proved to be a strong powerful fellow,) in securing him & marching him off to the police station, next day he received 3 months with hard labor. Thursday & Friday I spent with Miss Stone. Saturday afternoon I spent at Bessies. After tea I called for Miss Stone & we went to hear the opera of “Maritana” with the exception of Beaumont & Madame Simonson the rest of the company were very poor Lucy Chambers didnt appear to know her part as “Lazerillo”



Albert Richardson was exceedingly lame & inanimate as Don Jose I dont think Beaumont's voice is as powerful as it used to be before he went to California but it is much sweeter & more flexible than it was. He sang “There is a Flower that Bloometh” beautifully Sunday morning & evening I went to Church. -

April 10th.1870
Weather close & oppressive for this time of the year, the want of rain is beginning to be severely felt especially in the country districts. Very little news to relate except of a public character & that is a change of Ministry, one Mac turned out & another Mac gone in, that is to say Macpherson is out & McCulloch has resumed the reins of government, but what is very extraordinary the former premier has accepted office under the latter, as Minister of Lands. I am afraid the new Ministry will be of short duration. Spent most of my evenings during the week with my darling Lizzie. The scrape I have already alluded is assuming proportions that is frightening me would to Heaven it were over! Sunday morning & evening I went to hear Mr Henderson & in the afternoon I met Liz & we took a pleasent walk together -

April 24 1870
A fortnight since I continued my journal & the Easter Holidays over spent most of my leisure time in the evenings with Lizzie, Good Friday it rained nearly all day, in the evening I went to a Concert at St Georges Hall, got up by Horsley & D. Lee rather a tame affair Saturday evening Miss S & I went to a friend of ours in Collins St, Sunday afternoon



we took a strool together. Monday morning I spent at home reading & in the afternoon I called for Lizzie & we went to St Kilda rambled about the beach until 5 pm got back home about 7 at 8 we met again & took a walk about Carlton Gardens. Tuesday & Wednesday evenings we passed together, Friday & Saturday ditto, Thursday evening I went to see Hamilton he has not been very well lately 11 Pm when I got home. Sunday it rained all day, but in the evening it cleared off a little & Lizzie went to hear Mr Henderson deliver his sermon on "Women". It was a fine oration & displayed a deal of learning & study upon the subject. The first half of his sermon was taken up by describing womens position in Society before the introduction of Christianity he took a glans at all parts of the world from antique to modern days & showed what a miserable state women lived in even in the most civilized & enlightened nations & cities of the world such as Athens & Rome Etc Etc the latter portion of his discourse was taken up in proving how thankful women should be for the introduction of Christianity for the increased privileges they enjoy, he alluded to J.Stuart Mills work on the subjection of women. Mr H. considers he is very wrong in publishing such a work & thinks it will ultimately prove a great blot on the character of 1 one who is considered one of the greatest thinkers & logicians of the age - The English Mail arrived during the week, no letters for any of us - I wrote to my Uncle Joseph & sent him Geo & Bessies & my own likeness. I wrote to Uncle John Tom yesterday, he is living at Hills Hotel, Newbridge -



May 1st.1870
Weather very unsettled & changeeble, been kept tolerably busy at the office - work increased for a short time owing to Mr Adamson, my fellow clerk having been removed to the Export Office this summer & Mr Reid being appointed to his place Mr R is a smart clever intelligent young fellow & proves to be a very efficient clerk - My leisure spent much as usual

Friday evening I left home with the intention of visiting Mary but on the way I met her & Geo & Bessie coming to our house so I returned with them Mr & Mrs. Spink (Miss Norris) called & so between us we managed to spend an agreeable evening The other evenings of the week with Lizzie. Saturday evening I left her at a friends & I was to call for her late in the evening so I passed the time by going to see East Lynue a most melancholy tear producing piece I was so disgusted with it that after the 2nd Act I came away & calling for Liz I saw her home 12 before I got home Went to church morning & evening to day, in the afternoon in company with Liz I took a strool in the Cemetery

May 8th.1870
Weather tolerably fine for this time of the year, mornings rather cold & a little frosty but when the sun gets out it makes every- -thing bright & cheerful, I have nothing to note of interest my anxiety is not lessened in the least, but rather increased since I last alluded to it, there is only one remedy for it & that I ought to have taken months ago. Spent most of my



evenings in company with Lizzie Thursday evening I accompanied her to an entertainment given in the Albert St Baptist Chapel for the benefit of the Gould St. Sabbath School The programme was rather a singular one considering the place it was given in, Revd. C.CLark gave some capital readings & Recitations from Dickens & T.Hoods Works – particularly the one from Dickens, he chose the subject from Pickwick” when that worthy goes out shooting being conveyed to scene of action by Sam Weller in a barrow & his subsequent impounding, which he gave in the most unctious manner. The performance was intersposed by Secular Glees by the Choir, on the whole a very suitable Bill for a Theatre or Concert Room but not at all an appropriate one for a Chapel, however it drew a good house & everybody went away delighted & satisfied with their moneys worth - on the whole I was rather disappointed at C.Clark reading. I had heard so much about it that I was led to expect something better, the Comic element seems to be his forte, I dont think I ever enjoyed anything of the sort better than his rendering of Sam Wellers account of his story about the pieman. Several letters have appeared in the papers since alluding to the performance the writers of which dont appear to take the most charitable view of Mr Clarks choice of subjects. Friday evening I spent at Bessies, Miss Wright & Mr Carroll were there 12 pm when I got home. Saturday afternoon I took a strool into town, had a look at the New Arcade that is just completed belonging to Mr Spenseley, running through



from Bourke St, opposite the post office into Little Collins St. it is very prettily fitted up & arranged with a fountain & numbers of small shops, the latter I think will let well After tea Lizzie went to a friends & I called for her afterwards – met her again this afternoon & took a walk together on arriving home I found Mrs Pantor & her sister Miss Clark who stayed tea Mr & Mrs. Dewar dropped in, after tea I went to Church, called for Lizzie & took her home -

May 15 1870
Weather very unsettled, things were lively at the Railway owing to a number of large vessels having arrived at our pier to discharge their cargoes. English Mail arrived on Wednesday & much to our disappointment bringing no letters from any relatives in England. Friday evening I staid at home the other evenings I spent in company with Lizzie or at least portions of the time when she was not at her friends house, where she goes occasionally I wish to goodness she would not go, it is very much against my wish, I dont like the place I wish she would agree to be married, I am sick of this anxiety of mind I am suffering from. Saturday evening when waiting for her I went for an hour or two to the "Princesses" & saw an adaptation of "David Copperfield" called "Little Emily" performed the Dramatist has stuck pretty well to the main part of the story & on the whole its pretty well put together "tho it is rubbish". Harwood is “immense” & very funny as Micawber. The sisters "Duvalli" performed & danced in a small piece, they are without doubt the most finished & elegant dancers that have ever visited Australia This morning & evening I went to Church. In the afternoon took a walk with Liz.



May 22 1870
Weather at the beginning of the week very wet & cold, finer towards the latter end, nothing fresh to relate, affair with Lizzie still in status quo. As usual spent most of my evenings with Lizzie, if she wont agree to be married next week I shall leave the colony I am sick & miserable with the anxiety I have endured lately. I wrote to father *early this week & informed him that I contemplated getting married & that he must provide more liberally towards mothers support - Wednesday evening I went to Stewarts for a change Miss Webb from Sandhurst & some other people were there & we managed to pass a very jolly evening together. Yesterday afternoon I went to Clark found my sisters & their husbands on the point of going for a walk to the botanical gardens so I accompanied them, after tea I went to Baumans to see Will Smart who has been very ill, he had gone away for a few days with some friends, no one at home but Jessie who I thought was at Geelong, I remained about an hour she was inclined to be as gushing as ever, but my heart is wrapped in another nearer & dearer to me, so I gave no encouragement but left as soon as I could & went to meet Lizzie, ditto this afternoon. Morning & evening found me at church called for Liz this evening at the chapel she goes to & walked home with her -

May 29th 1870
Weather cold & disagreeable with an occasional fine day. Very busy at the office Tuesday being Queens Birthday was observed as a holiday. A Review was held at the Albert Park, Emerald Hill, I went to see it in company with Bessie & George



2500 volunteers were present who went through their evolutions Etc in a very creditable manner. The Governor & Major General Chute were present. I met a number of people there I knew 2 pm when I got home. In the evening I took Lizzie to a friends house where I left her till 11 pm in the meantime I met an acquaintance who took me to the Oriental Cafe Bourke St, a new place, found two or three rooms very crowded with people none of them particularly respectable looking the novelty appeared to be which attracted the numbers consisted of about a dozen of girls (?) dressed out in what was termed Oriental or Turkish dresses, many of them being nothing more or less than common prostitutes. I left, disgusted with the place. I am surprised the proprietor obtained a licence for such an immorally conducted place, it was 11.30 before I met Liz & saw her home Thursday evening I met her again & we had a long serious talk together & we came to the conclusion that we had better get married My position does not warrant my taking such a step at present with only £155 pr annum however if we can only manage to get the necessary household goods together we must try to manage upon it & live in hopes of something better turning up - on my informing those at home of my intentions my mother get into an awful state of mind & for the first time in my life I felt conscious of doing what seemed a selfish action & if it was not for the extreme urgency of the case I doubt if I would take the step so soon, but I feel I owe a higher duty to Lizzie than I do to my family - my word, few sons have done their duty in times past as I have done in fact ever since I was a mere child I appear to have done nothing else but live for my family & have lost sight of myself altogether so I fancy it is time I looked out for myself I am getting now a good age & its time I was getting settled. I feel I have nothing to reproach myself in reference to my conduct towards my family. I question if my sisters would be as they are now but for me nor would my mother have been able to keep a home together as she has done but for the assistance I rendered her in times past - what annoys me most & makes me less considerate in reference to my mother & more determined to marry arises from the fact of the rooted antipathy all members of my family have, particularly my mother & my sister Bessie, to her whom I love, they have not slightest grounds on which to base their dislike upon There is not a living soul who can breathe a word against her in any shape or form



she has been obliged for her own sake to appear stiff & distant to some people in consequence of her position in her fathers business, in order to keep herself free from scandel Etc which might arise from too much familiarity with customers in the shop. no! whatever there is in her wrong is of my own making & as such I must bear the consequences, but under whatever circumstances I am placed in with her I will try & do my duty & prove a good husband to her. Friday night I spent at Hamiltons & told him how I was situated, he has promised to assist me all his power in furnishing Etc he is a dear good fellow. Sunday morning I went to church. Afternoon took a walk with Lizzie, left her at her sisters Mrs. Lustys, met her again after tea, she was very unwell saw her home about 8 Pm on arriving home I found Hamilton here walked part of the way home with him
June 5th.1870
Very wet & cold nothing fresh. Liz & I have agreed to get married at the end of July so we are making desperate efforts to get things together & considering how I am situated, having lost so much money mining, & with a small salary, I shall be put to my wits ends to get the necessary things however it must be done - my mother is still predudiced & is in anything but an amiable mood at the prospect of my getting married, she makes out I am in her debt. I bought a piano some 2 years ago & she gave me a few pounds towards its purchase which I accepted as payment for a long outstanding debt of hers which I paid years ago - Monday night I spent at Hamiltons, met Mr R Jack there walked home together. Tuesday Thursday & Friday I spent with Lizzie. Wednesday night I spent at home. Mr & Mrs. Thompson were here. Saturday afternoons I went to Hamiltons, met a couzin of his who is on a visit from N.Z. where he has an extensive business I staid tea after which We came to town. I called for Liz & we went to her friends, where she staid till 11 Pm. In the meantime I knocked about town This morning I went to Church as usual, came on to rain heavily cleared up about 2 Pm when I called for Lizzie & we took a strool together after tea I met her again & we went to Church we talked over our approaching union & I found her very practical in her suggestions, she is a regular trump & is & intends doing her best towards making everything pleasent My brother Fred has proved very kind & considerate & is the only one of my family who seems to wish me well & thinks I am doing well as he is favourably inclined to Lizzie Mr & Mrs Stone, although strange people throw no obstacle in the way of our union -







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