Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Ohio
The 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union army during the American Civil War. It played a conspicuous role at the Battle of Franklin during the 1864 Franklin-Nashville Campaign, where six members later received the Medal of Honor, most for capturing enemy flags.
The 104the OVI was organized at Camp Massillon on August 30, 1862, under Col. James W. Reilly in response to a need for additional three-years regiments.
- Company A
- Company B
- Company C
- Company D: Captain Marcus C. Horton
- Company E
- Company F: Captain Joseph F. Riddle
- Company G
- Company H
- Company I
- Company K
Among the nearly one thousand recruits in the 104th OVI was future United States Congressman Laurin D. Woodworth.
The regiment moved to Covington, Kentucky, on September 1, 1862, in preparation for the Defense of Cincinnati against a threatened Confederate invasion by troops under Edmund Kirby Smith. It was involved in the subsequent skirmish at Fort Mitchel in northern Kentucky.
The regiment spent 1863 in Kentucky and then moved to East Tennessee until April 1864. It then was reassigned to duty as part of the XXIII Corps in Georgia, Washington D.C., and finally North Carolina for the Carolinas Campaign.
The 104th OVI mustered out of the army on June 17, 1865.
During its term of service, the regiment had 3 officers and 46 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded in combat. It also lost 4 officers and 130 enlisted men by disease, for a total of 183 fatalities out of the 1,740 men who served at various times in the regiment.
List of Medal of Honor Recipients from the 104th OVI
Six men from the regiment were recipients of the Medal of Honor for gallantry at Franklin:
- Joseph Davis: Rank and organization: Corporal, Company C. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Wales. Date of issue: 4 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
- John C. Gaunt: Rank and organization: Private, Company G. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Damascoville, Ohio. Birth: Columbiana County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag.
- Abraham Greenawalt: Rank and organization: Private, Company G. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Salem, Ohio. Birth: Montgomery County, Pa. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of corps headquarters flag (C.S.A.).
- Newton H. Hall: Rank and organization: Corporal, Company I. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Portage County, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag, believed to have belonged to Stewart's Corps (C.S.A.).
- George V. Kelley: Rank and organization: Captain, Company A. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: Massillon, Ohio. Born: 23 March 1843, Massillon, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag supposed to be of Cheatham's Corps (C.S.A.).
- John H. Ricksecker: Rank and organization: Private, Company D. Place and date: At Franklin, Tenn., 30 November 1864. Entered service at: ---. Birth: Springfield, Ohio. Date of issue: 3 February 1865. Citation: Capture of flag of 16th Alabama Artillery (C.S.A.).
104th Regiment, Ohio Infantry
Overview: Organized at Camp Massillon, Ohio, and mustered in August 30, 1862. Moved to Covington, Ky., September 1, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Kentucky, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of Central Kentucky, Dept. of Ohio, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Dept. of Ohio, to July, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to February, 1865, and Dept. of North Carolina, to June, 1865.
SERVlCE.-Defence of Cincinnati, Ohio, against Kirby Smith's threatened attack September 2-12, 1862. Skirmish at Fort Mitchell, Covington, Ky., September 10. Pursuit to Lexington, Ky., September 12-15. Duty at Lexington till December 6. Moved to Richmond and Danville, Ky., in pursuit of Morgan December 6-26. At Frankfort, Ky., till February, 1863. Operations in Central Kentucky till August. Expedition to Monticello and operations in Southeastern Kentucky April 26-May 12. Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee, Campaign August 16-October 17. Expedition to Cumberland Gap September 4-7. Operations about Cumberland Gap September 7-10. Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23. Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 5. Duty in East Tennessee till April, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge and Dalton, Ga., May 8-13. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Cartersville May 20. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 1O-July 2. Skirmishes about Lost Mountain June 11-14. Combats about Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Cheyney's Farm June 22. Ulley's Farm June 26- 27. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Buckhead, Nancy's Creek, July 18. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Columbia Ford November 28-29. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Franklin December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., till January 15, 1865. Movement to Washington, D, C., thence to Federal Point, N. C., January 15-February 9. Operations against Hoke near Fort Fisher February 11-14. Orton's Pond February 18. Fort Anderson February 18-19. Town Creek February 19-20. Capture of Wilmington February 22. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Raleigh till May 2, and at Greensboro till June. Mustered out June 17, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 46 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 183.
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