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1830 United States Federal Census Transcription Project

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Date: 1 Jun 1830 to 1 Aug 1831
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United States Census Transcription Project

1830 Population Schedules of the Fifth Census of the United States

Overview[1]

Authorizing Legislation

President John Q. Adams, in his fourth address to the U.S. Congress on December 28, 1828, recommended starting the census earlier in the year than August 1. He also proposed that the collection of age data be extended from infancy, in intervals of 10 years, "to the utmost boundaries of life." These changes were incorporated into the census act of March 23, 1830.

Enumeration

As in the previous census, marshals or their assistants visited every dwelling house for enumeration, or, as the law stated, made a personal inquiry of the head of every family in their district. Because of delays in the compilation of the census returns, the filing date was extended to August 1, 1831.
In 1830, enumerators used uniform printed schedules for the first time. In prior censuses, marshals had used whatever paper was available and had designed and bound the sheets themselves. Because federal census clerks did not have to sort through a huge variety of schedules in 1830, they were able to tabulate census results more efficiently.
The 1830 census counted the population only. After the failures of the past two censuses, no attempt was made to collect additional data on manufacturing and industry in the United States.


1830 United States Federal Census Schedule I
Questions/Column Headings
1 - Name of County, City, Ward, Town, Township, Parish, Precinct, Hundred or District.
2 - Names of Heads of Families.
3 - Free white males under five years of age.
4 - Free white males of five and under ten.
5 - Free white males of ten and under fifteen.
6 - Free white males of fifteen and under twenty.
7 - Free white males of twenty and under thirty.
8 - Free white males of thirty and under forty.
9 - Free white males of forty and under fifty.
10 - Free white males of fifty and under Sixty.
11 - Free white males of sixty and under seventy.
12 - Free white males of seventy and under eighty.
13 - Free white males of eighty and under ninety.
14 - Free white males of ninety and under one hundred.
15 - Free white males of one hundred and upwards.
16 - Free white females under five years of age.
17 - Free white females of five and under ten.
18 - Free white females of ten and under fifteen.
19 - Free white females of fifteen and under twenty.
20 - Free white females of twenty and under thirty.
21 - Free white females of thirty and under forty.
22 - Free white females of forty and under fifty.
23 - Free white females of fifty and under Sixty.
24 - Free white females of sixty and under seventy.
25 - Free white females of seventy and under eighty.
26 - Free white females of eighty and under ninety.
27 - Free white females of ninety and under one hundred.
28 - Free white females of one hundred and upwards.


Sources

  1. "United States Census Bureau", website online, (https://www.census.gov/history/www/through_the_decades/overview/1830.html); accessed 22 April 2020.




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