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1840 United States Federal Census Transcription Project

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Date: 1 Jun 1840 [unknown]
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United States Census Transcription Project

1840 Population Schedules of the Sixth Census of the United States


Overview[1]

Authorizing Legislation

The Census Act of 1840 (signed into law on March 3, 1839 and amended by an act of February 26, 1840) authorized establishing a centralized census office during each enumeration. Congress left the design of the questionnaire to the discretion of the secretary of state, but specified that inquiries be made of each household. Subjects among the inquiries were to include "the pursuits, industry, education, and resources of the country." New population inquiries included questions about school attendance, literacy, and vocation.

Enumeration

The administration of the sixth census was very similar to that of the fifth. Enumeration began on June 1, 1840. Marshals were to receive two copies of the census receipts from enumerators by November 1, 1840, one of which was to be sent to the secretary of state by December 1, 1840.
1840 United States Federal Census
Schedule I
Questions/Column Headings
1 - Name of County, City, Ward, Town, Township, Parish, Precinct, Hundred, or District.
2 - Names of Heads of Families
3 - free white males under 5
4 - free white males 5 & under 10
5 - free white males 10 & under 15
6 - free white males 15 & under 20
7 - free white males 20 & under 30
8 - free white males 30 & under 40
9 - free white males 40 & under 50
10 - free white males 50 & under 60
11 - free white males 60 & under 70
12 - free white males 70 & under 80
13 - free white males 80 & under 90
14 - free white males 90 & under 100
15 - free white males 100+
16 - free white females under 5
17 - free white females 5 & under 10
18 - free white females 10 & under 15
19 - free white females 15 & under 20
20 - free white females 20 & under 30
21 - free white females 30 & under 40
22 - free white females 40 & under 50
23 - free white females 50 & under 60
24 - free white females 60 & under 70
25 - free white females 70 & under 80
26 - free white females 80 & under 90
27 - free white females 90 & under 100
28 - free white females 100+
29 - free colored males under 10.
30 - free colored males 10 & under 24.
31 - free colored males 24 & under 36.
32 - free colored males 36 & under 55.
33 - free colored males 55 & under 100.
34 - free colored males 100 and upwards.
35 - free colored females under 10.
36 - free colored females 10 & under 24.
37 - free colored females 24 & under 36.
38 - free colored females 36 & under 55.
39 - free colored females 55 & under 100.
40 - free colored females 100 and upwards.
41 - slaves male under 10.
42 - slaves male 10 & under 24.
43 - slaves male 24 & under 36.
44 - slaves male 36 & under 55.
45 - slaves male 55 & under 100.
46 - slaves male 100 and upwards.
47 - slaves female under 10.
48 - slaves female 10 & under 24.
49 - slaves female 24 & under 36.
50 - slaves female 36 & under 55.
51 - slaves female 55 & under 100.
52 - slaves female 100 and upwards.
53 - Total
54 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Mining.
55 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Agriculture.
56 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Commerce.
57 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Manufactures and Trades.
58 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Navigation of oceans.
59 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Navigation of canals, lakes and rivers.
60 - Number of Persons in Each Family Employed In Learned professions and engineers.
61 - Names of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services Included in the Foregoing.
62 - Ages
63 - Deaf and Dumb White Persons Included in the Foregoing under 14.
64 - Deaf and Dumb White Persons Included in the Foregoing 14 & under 25.
65 - Deaf and Dumb White Persons Included in the Foregoing 25 and upwards.
66 - Blind White Persons Included in the Foregoing.
67 - Insane and Idiots Public Charge White Persons Included in the Foregoing.
68 - Insane and Idiots Private Charge White Persons Included in the Foregoing.
69 - Deaf and Dumb Colored Persons included in the Foregoing.
70 - Blind Colored Persons included in the Foregoing.
71 - Insane and Idiots at Private Charge Colored Persons included in the Foregoing.
72 - Insane and Idiots at Public Charge Colored Persons included in the Foregoing.
73 - Universities or Colleges.
74 - Number of Students.
75 - Academies and Grammar Schools.
76 - No. of Scholars.
77 - Primary and Common Schools.
78 - No. of Scholars.
79 - No. of Scholars at public charge.
80 - No. of White Persons over 20 years of age in each family who cannot read and write.




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