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1st Regiment New Jersey Cavalry

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Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War New_Jersey
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First Regiment of New Jersey Cavalry Volunteers

The First Regiment of New Jersey Cavalry Volunteers (originally 16th Infantry), formerly Halsted's Cavalry, out of Trenton, New Jersey, was active from about 1861 Aug 4 to 1865 Jul 24 at Vienna, Virginia.

'61 Dec 29 Pohick Church, Va. '63 Jun 21 Upperville, Va. '64 Jun 1 Cold Harbor, Va.
'62 Jan 15 Pohick Creek, Va. '63 Jun 22 Near Aldie, Va. '64 Jun 2 Gaines' Mills, Va.
'62 May 1 Seddons' Farm, Va. '63 Jun 30 Westminster, Md. '64 Jun 2 Chickahominy River, Va.
'62 May 9 Gray's Farm, Va. '63 Jul 2-3 Gettysburg, Pa. '64 Jun 4-5 Bottom's Bridge, Va.
'62 May Rappahannock Station, Va. '63 Jul 4-6 Emmettsburg, Md. '64 Jun 8 Pamunky River, Va.
'62 Jun 1 Strasburg, Va. '63 Jul 7 Tettersburg, Pa. '64 Jun 12-14 Trevillian Station, Va.
'62 Jun 2 Woodstock, Va. '63 Jul 8 Cavetown, Md. '64 Jun 20-21 White House, Va.
'62 Jun 6 Harrisonburg, Va. '63 Jul 14 Harper's Ferry, Va. '64 Jun 24 St. Mary's Church, Va.
'62 Jun 8 Cross Keys, Va. '63 Jul 16 Sheppardstown, Md. '64 Jun 29-Jul 12 Near Petersburg, Va.
'62 Jul 27 Madison C. H., Va. '63 Jul 31 Berryville, Va. '64 Jul Shenandoah Raid, Va.
'62 Jul 29 Barnett's Ford, (Rapidan,) Va. '63 Aug 15 Salem, Va. '64 Jul 28 Deep Bottom, Va.
'62 Aug 4, 7 Barnett's Ford, (Rapidan,) Va. '63 Aug 16 White Plains, Va. '64 Jul 28-30 Malvern Hill, Va.
'62 Aug 9 Cedar Mountain, Va. '63 Oct 12 Sulphur Sp./Brandy Sta., Va. '64 Aug 14 Deep Bottom, Va.
'62 Aug 18 Rappahannock Sta., Va. '63 Oct 14 Bristow Station, Va. '64 Aug 16-17 Charles City Cross Roads, Va.
'62 Aug 20 Brandy Station, Va. '63 Nov 12 Near Warrenton, Va. '64 Aug 26 Reams Station, Va.
'62 Aug 20-21 Rappahannock Sta., Va. '63 Nov 18 Near Warrenton, Va. '64 Sep 5 Malvern Hill, Va.
'62 Aug 23 Warrenton, Va. '63 Nov 27 Mountain Run, Va. '64 Sep 11 Charles City, Va.
'62 Aug 24 Waterloo Ford, Va. '63 Nov 27 Mine Run, Va. '64 Sep 17 Jerusalem Plank Road, Va.
'62 Aug 28 Snicker's Gap, Va. '63 Nov 29 Parker's Store, Va. '64 Sep 29-30 Reams Station, Va.
'62 Aug 29-30 Bull Run, Va. '64 Feb 18 Kester's Raid, Va. '64 Oct 1 Vaughn's Road, Va.
'62 Sep 1 Chantilly, Va. '64 Feb 21 Ravenna River, Va. '64 Oct 6 Boydton Plank Road, Va.
'62 Sep 24 Warrenton, Va. '64 May 3 Ely's Ford, (Rapidan,) Va. '64 Nov 27 Stony Creek, Va.
'62 Oct 31 Aldie, Va. '64 May 5-7 Todd's Tavern, Va. '64 Dec 9-10 Bellefield Station, Va.
'62 Nov 19 Port Conoway, Va. '64 May 9 Sheridan's Raid, Va. '64 Feb 6 Dinwiddie C. H., Va.
'62 Dec 11-13 Fredericksburg, Va. '64 May 10 Beaver Dam Station, Va. '64 Feb 6-7 Hatcher's Run, Va.
'63 Apr 7 Rappahannock Station, Va. '64 May 11 Yellow Tavern/Ashland Sta., Va. '64 Mar 20 Before Petersburg, Va.
'63 Apr 30 Stoneman's Raid, Va. '64 May 12 Fortifications of Richmond, Va. '64 Mar 30 Dinwiddie C. H., Va.
'63 May 19 Rappahannock Sta./Kelly's Ford, Va. '64 May 21 Church of the Messiah, Va. '64 Mar 31 Five Forks/Chamberlain's Cr., Va.
'63 Jun 9 Brandy Station, Va. '64 May 24 North Anna River, Va. '64 Apr 5 Amelia Springs/Jettersville, Va.
'63 Jun 17 Aldie, Va. '64 May 28 Haw's Shop, Va. '64 Apr 6 Sailors' Creek, Va.
'63 Jun 19 Middleburg, Va. '64 May 29 Emmons Church, Va. '64 Apr 6-7 Farmville, Va.
_ _ '64 Apr 9 Appomattox C. H., Va.

1st Regiment, New Jersey Cavalry

Overview:Organized at Trenton, N. J., under authority of the War Department August 14, 1861, as Halsted's Cavalry. Left State for Washington, D. C.; four Companies August 24 and six Companies August 31, 1861. Attached to Heintzelman's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. Wadsworth's Command, Military District of Washington, to May, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahanncck, to June, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Bayard's Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, to May, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Dept. of Washington, to July, 1865.

Service:Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till May, 1862. Reconnoissance to Pohick Church, Va., December 18, 1861 (1 Co.). Lee's House, Occoquan Bridge, January 29, 1862 (Detachment). Transferred to State of New Jersey and designated 1st Cavalry February 19, 1862. Rappahannock River May 13. Staunton and Strasburg Road June 1-2. Woodstock June 2. Harrisonburg June 6. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Reconnoissance to James City July 22-24. Operations about Orange Court House July 29. Barnett's Ford August 1. Slaughter House August 8. Battle of Cedar Mountain August 9. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Rappahannock Station August 19. Brandy Station, Stevensburg and Raccoon Ford August 20. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Warrenton August 26. Faquier White Sulphur Springs August 27. Thoroughfare Gap August 28. Bull Run August 30. Germantown and Centreville August 31. Chantilly August 31. In Defences of Washington September. Reconnoissance from Upton's Hill to Leesburg September 16-18 (2 Cos.). Expedition from Centreville to Warrenton September 29 (Detachment). Expedition to Thoroughfare Gap October 17-18. Near Upperville October 29 (Detachment). Aldie and Mountsville October 31. Salem, New Baltimore and Thoroughfare Gap November 4. Rappahannock Station November 7, 8 and 9. Snicker's Ferry, Berryville, November 30. Near Dumfries December 11. Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15. Near Chantilly December 29. Near Fairfax Court House and Middleburg January 26. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Stoneman's Raid April 29-May 8. Brandy Station and Beverly Ford June 9. Aldie June 17. Middleburg June 19. Upperville June 21. Dover June 22. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Emmettsburg, Md., July 4. Old Antietam Forge, near Leitersburg, July 10. Reconnoissance to Ashby's Gap July 11-14. Ashby's Gap July 12. Near Harper's Ferry July 14. Shephardstown July 14-16. Scout to Goose Creek July 25-27. Rixeyville Ford August 5. Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan September 13-17. Culpeper Court House September 13. Bristoe Campaign October 8-22. Skirmishes at James City October 8-10. Near Warrenton October 11. Warrenton or White Sulphur Springs October 12-13. Brentsville October 14. Auburn and Bristoe October 14. Advance to line of the Rappahannock November 7-8. Near Warrenton November 11. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. New Hope Church November 27. Parker's Store November 29. Reconnoissance from Bealeton and Front Royal January 1-4, 1864. Scout from Warrenton to Piedmont February 17-18. Near Piedmont February 18 (Detachment). Custer's Raid into Albemarle County February 28-March 1. Near Charlottesville February 29. Stannardsville March 1. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James May 3-June 15. Todd's Tavern May 5-6. Wilderness, May 6-7. Todd's Tavern May 7-8. Corbin's Bridge May 8. Sheridan's Raid May 9-24. Davenport and Childsburg May 9. North Anna River May 9-10. Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern May 11. Ashland May 11. Brooks' Church or fortifications of Richmond May 12. Line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Haw's Shop May 28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor May 31-June 1. Sumner's Upper Bridge, Sheridan's Trevillian Raid, June 7-24. Trevilian Station June 11-12. Newark or Mallory's Cross Roads June 12. Black Creek or Tunstall Station June 21. White House of St. Peter's Church June 21. St. Mary's Church June 24. Near Petersburg June 29-July 12. Lee's Mills, Warwick Swamp, July 12. Demonstration north of the James July 27-29. Deep Bottom July 27-28. Malvern Hill July 28. Ream's Station August 3. Demonstration north of the James August 13-20. Strawberry Plains August 14-18. Gravel Hill August 14. Weldon Railroad August 18-21. Dinwiddie Road, near Roam's Station, August 23. Ream's Station August 25. Old members mustered out at Trenton, N. J., September 16, 1864. Belcher's Mills September 17. Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2. Arthur's Swamp September 30-October 1. Vaughan Road October 1. Boydton Plank Road or Hatcher's Run October 27-28. Reconnoissance to Stony Creek November 7. Warren's Raid on Weldon Railroad December 7-12. Bellefield Station December 9-10. Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 23-April 9. Dinwiddie Court House March 30-31. Five Forks April 1. Payne's Cross Roads and Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Farmville April 7. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition from Burkesville to Danville and South Boston April 23-27. Moved to Washington, D. C., May 2-12. Grand Review May 23. Company "F" mustered out at Washington May 25, 1865. Mustered out at Cloud's Hills, Va., July 24, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 116 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 185 Enlisted men by disease. Total 317.[1]

Fox's History

Of the 272 cavalry regiments in the Union Army, the First New Jersey stands sixth in point of losses in action. It was organized at Trenton, N. J., August 14, 1861, and arrived at Washington the same month, where it remained encamped during the succeeding fall and winter. In February, Colonel Halsted resigned, and was succeeded by Percy Wyndham, an officer of the Italian army who had seen some service in Europe. The regiment took the field early in 1862, entering upon a series of arduous and perilous campaigns which ended only with the war. In addition to the actions above mentioned, the regiment was engaged in a large number of affairs in which it lost men wounded or captured. In 1862 it served in General Bayard's cavalry brigade; at Gettysburg, it was in McIntosh's (1st) Brigade, Gregg's (2d) Division, Cavalry Corlps; in 1864 Davies commanded this brigade, in which the regiment remained without further change. Colonel Janeway fell at Amelia Springs; Lieultenant-Colonel Virgil Broderick and Major John H. Shelmire were killed at Brandy Station; Major James H. Hart was killed at Dinwiddie C. H., March 31, 1865.[2]


  1. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  2. Taken from; William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1888

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