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22nd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry

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Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Mississippi
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The 22nd Regiment

22nd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry organized at Iuka, Mississippi, in August, 1861, contained 38 officers and 597 men present for duty in November. Its members were from the counties of Jefferson, Amite, Lafayette, Hinds, De Soto, and Issaquena. After fighting at Shiloh, Baton Rouge, and Corinth, the unit was assigned to Rust's and Featherston's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. It participated in various conflicts during the Vicksburg siege and for a time was stationed at Jackson. Continuing the fight under General Featherston, it was active in the Atlanta Campaign, Hood's Tennessee operations, and later in North Carolina. The regiment lost 13 killed and 34 wounded at Baton Rouge, had 21 killed and 64 wounded at Peach Tree Creek, and totalled 93 officers and men in December, 1864. It surrendered with the Army of Tennessee. The field officers were Colonels D.W.C. Bonham, James D. Lester, and Frank Schaller; Lieutenant Colonels Charles G. Nelms, James S. Prestidge, and H.J. Reid; and Majors Thomas C. Dockery and Martin A. Oatis. [1]

History

The 22nd Mississippi was organized in Iuka, Mississippi, in July 1861. This regiment served in the Army of Tennessee and saw duty in Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama and fought in many battles. Some historians have estimated this regiment marched and traveled by train over 5,000 miles during the war. It was sent into Kentucky twice early in the war. The regiment's battle credits include: Shiloh, Iuka, Holly Springs, Coffeeville, Snyder's Bluff, Fort Pemberton(Greenwood, MS), Champion's Hill, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Rough and Ready, Columbia, Franklin, Nashville, and Kinston and Bentonville, SC. Lt-Colonel Frank Schaller was the commander who replaced Col. Bonham. He was absent from his regiment for a long period of time. His story is told in a book "Soldiering For Glory", but it doesn't give a complete account of the regiment since he spent a lot of time in Virginia.

Headquarters Staff

Colonels-- D. W. C. Bonham, died November, 1861; Frank Schaller, James D. Lester.
Lieutenant-Colonels-- James S. Prestidge, Frank Schaller, H. J. Reid, Charles G. Nelms.
Majors-- Thomas C. Dockery, James S. Prestidge, Martin A. Oatis, Charles G. Nelms.
Surgeons-- W. Moseley, died 1862; Meares, G. C. Phillips.
Assistant Surgeons-- G. C. Phillips, B. F. Kittrell.

Formation

Company A, Mississippi Greys, of Lawrence County; mustered into State service at Monticello 27 April, 1861
Company B, Hinds Light Guards, of Hinds County, mustered into State service at Raymond 1 May, 1861
Company C, Sarsfield Southrons, from Vicksburg, Miss.
Company D, Rodney Guards, of JeffersonCounty, mustered into State service at Rodney 2 May, 1861.
Company E, Liberty Guards, of Amite County, mustered into State service at Liberty 29 April, 1861.
Company F, De Soto Rebels, De Soto County.
Company G, Black Hawk Rifles, of Carroll County, mustered into State service at Black Hawk 30 April, 1861.
Company H, Lafayette Farmers, from Lafayette County.
Company I, Swamp Rangers, of Washington County, mustered into State service at Greenville 23 March, 1861.
Company K, Pegues Defenders, from Lafayette County.

Battles

During Battle of Belmont, November 7, 1861, regiment was across the river at Columbia, KY.
Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862
Baton Rouge, LA, August 5, 1862
Corinth, MS, October 4, 1862
Fought rear-guard skirmishes during retreat into Mississippi.
Rolling Fork Expedition(aka Steele Bayou Expedition) March 1863
Fort Pemberton (Yazoo Pass Expedition) April 4, 1863
Champion Hill, MS, May 16, 1863
Kennesaw Mountain, GA, June 27, 1864
Peach Tree Creek, GA, July 20, 1864
Big Shanty, GA, Oct 3, 1864
Decatur, AL, Oct 20, 1864
Columbia, TN, Nov. 26, 1864
Franklin, TN, Nov. 30, 1864
Nashville, TN, Dec. 15-16, 1864
Fought rear-guard skirmishes under General Walthall.
Columbia, TN, Dec 20, 1864
Anthony's Hill (near Pulaski), TN, Dec 25, 1864
Sugar Creek, TN, Dec 26, 1864
Bentonville, SC, March 19–21, 1865

Sources

  1. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database.

See also:

  • Dunbar Rowland’s “Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898”, taken from the Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi.
  • "Soldiering For Glory"; the Civil War Letters of Colonel Frank Schaller, Univ. of South Carolina Press, 2007.
  • Sketch of the Black Hawk Rifles, 22nd Mississippi, Company G. by Colonel H. J. Reid


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