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34th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, United States Civil War

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Illinois
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For a grouping of men of this unit, see the category for the 34th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Overview:

  • Organized at Camp Butler, Ill., and mustered in September 7, 1861.
  • Moved to Lexington, Ky., October 2, 1861, thence to Louisville and Camp Nevin, Ky., and duty there till February, 1862.
  • Attached to:
    • Johnson's 3rd Brigade, McCook's Command, at Nolin, Ky., to November, 1861.
    • 5th Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862.
    • 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing, 14th Army Crops, Army of the Cumberland, to November, 1863.
    • 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.

Service:

  • Advance on Bowling Green, Ky., and Nashville, Tenn., February 14-March 2, 1862.
  • March to Savannah, Tenn., thence moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn., March 16-April 6.
  • Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7.
  • Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30.
  • Pursuit to Bonneville May 31-June 6.
  • Buell's operations on line of Memphis and Tennessee R.R. in Northern Alabama and Middle Tennessee June to August.
  • March to Nashville, Tenn., thence in pursuit of Bragg, to Louisville, Ky., August 21-September 26.
  • Pursuit of Bragg into Kentucky October 1-16.
  • Action at Floyd's Fork October 1, near Clay Village October 4.
  • Battle of Perryville October 8 (Reserve).
  • March to Nashville, Tenn., October 16-November 7, and duty there till December 26.
  • Reconnoissance toward Lavergne November 26-27.
  • Lavergne, Scrougesville November 27.
  • Advance on Murfreesborough December 26-30.
  • Triune December 27-28.
  • Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863.
  • Duty at Murfreesboro till June.
  • Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 24-July 7. Liberty Gap June 24-27.
  • Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16.
  • Moved to Bellefonte, Ala., August 16, and detailed as Provost Guard.
  • Moved to Caperton's Ferry, Tennessee River, August 30, and guard pontoon bridge there till September 18.
  • Moved boats to Battle Creek September 18.
  • Moved to Anderson's Cross Roads October 20, thence to Harrison's Landing, Tennessee River, November 8.
  • Joined Brigade at Chattanooga November 15.
  • Battles of Chattanooga November 23-25; Tunnel Hill November 24-25; Missionary Ridge November 25; Chickamauga Station November 26.
  • March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., November 28-December 17.
  • At Rissville, Ga., till May, 1864.
  • Veterans on furlough January 8 to March 7, 1864.
  • Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May to September, 1864.
  • Tunnel Hill May 6-7.
  • Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11.
  • Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9.
  • Demonstration on Dalton May 9-13.
  • Battle of Resaca May 14-15.
  • Rome May 17-18.
  • Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battle about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5.
  • Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2; Pine Hill June 11-14; Lost Mountain June 15-17.
  • Assault on Kenesaw June 27.
  • Ruff's Station, Smyrna Camp Ground, July 4.
  • Chattahoochie River July 5-17.
  • Peach Tree Creek July 19-20.
  • Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25.
  • Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30.
  • Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1.
  • Lovejoy Station September 2-6.
  • Pursuit of Forest and operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3.
  • March to the sea November 15-December 10.
  • Siege of Savannah December 10-21.
  • Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865.
  • Averysboro, Taylor's Hole Creek March 16.
  • Bushy Swamp March 18. Battle of Bentonville March 19-21.
  • Occupation of Goldsboro March 24.
  • Advance on Raleigh April 14.
  • Bennett's House April 26.
  • Surrender of Johnston and his army.
  • March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 19.
  • Grand Review May 24.
  • Moved to Louisville, Ky., June 12.
  • Mustered out July 12 and discharged at Chicago, Ill., July 17, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 11 Officers and 129 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 119 Enlisted men by disease. Total 261. [1]

Fox's History

Organized at Springfield September 7, 1861, and ordered to Kentucky in October, where it remained until February 14, 1862. It was then in Kirk's Brigade of Rousseau's Division.
It fought at Shiloh — then in McCook's Division of Buell's Army — losing 15 killed and 112 wounded; Major Charles H. Levanway was killed in this action.
The Thirty-fourth was present at the Siege of Corinth, after which it marched with the army through Northern Alabama, Tennessee and Kentucky to Louisville, arriving there September 27, 1862. It then moved on the Perryville campaign, after which it encamped at Nashville.
At the battle of Stone's River it was in Kirk's (2d) Brigade, Johnson's (2d) Division, McCook's Corps, its casualties amounting to 21 killed, 100 wounded, and 74 missing, out of 354 engaged; General Kirk, formerly Colonel of the Thirty-fourth, was killed there.
At Liberty Gap, Tenn., the regiment lost 3 killed and 24 wounded. In September, 1863, it was ordered to Carpenter's Ferry, on the Tennessee River, to guard a pontoon bridge, upon which duty it was engaged at the time of the battle of Chickamauga. In November, 1863, it was assigned to Davis's (2d) Division, Fourteenth Corps, in which it served on the Atlanta campaign, and it was hotly engaged at Resaca; also in the assault on Kenesaw, losing in that affair 5 killed and 40 wounded.
Having reenlisted for the war it was present on the march through Georgia, and at the fighting in the Carolinas; it lost at Averasboro, 3 killed and 5 wounded; and at Bentonville — then in Morgan's Division--8 killed and 22 wounded.
After marching in the Grand Review at Washington, May 24, 1865, the regiment moved to Louisville where it was mustered out, July 12, 1865.[2]


Sources

  1. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  2. Taken from; William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1888


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