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37th Infantry Division, United States Army, World War I

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The 37th Infantry Division was assigned to:

Primary subordinate units were:

  • Headquarters, 37th Division
  • 73rd Infantry Brigade
  • 74th Infantry Brigade
  • 62nd Field Artillery Brigade
  • 134th Division Machine Gun Battalion
  • 112th Engineer Regiment
  • 112th Field Signal Battalion
  • Headquarters Troop, 37th Division
  • 112th Train Headquarters and Military Police
    • 112th Ammunition Train
    • 112th Supply Train
    • 112th Engineer Train
    • 112th Sanitary Train
      • 145th Field Hospital and Ambulance Company
      • 146th Field Hospital and Ambulance Company
      • 147th Field Hospital and Ambulance Company
      • 148th Field Hospital and Ambulance Company

Popularly known as the "Buckeye Division." Insignia, a red circle with a white border. Composed of National Guard of "Buckeye" State, Ohio. Organized at Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Alabama, beginning in August, 1917, when the first units of the Ohio National Guard arrived, and completed in October when the last had reached camp. The division was built around the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and 10th Ohio Inf. Regts., 1st Ohio Fld. Arty., 1st Ohio Cav., 1st Ohio Engrs., and the Ohio Fld. Sig. Bn. On May 20th the division, less its artillery, was sent to Camp Lee, Virginia, where it was filled to war strength and on June 11th, Hqs and Hqs Troop, 134th Machine Bn. And 73d Inf. Brig. Began the movement to Hoboken, sailing on June 15th and arriving in France June 22, 1918. The 74th Inf. Brig. And Engrs left Camp Lee June 21st and sailing via Newport News arrived in France July 5th. The F.A. Brig., Trench Mortar Battery, Sanitary Train, M.P., and 114th Vet Section, left Camp Sheridan, Ala, June 14th for Camp Upton, sailing from there June 27th via England.

With the exception of the F.A. Brig. And Amm. Train (less small arms section) the division was sent to the Bourmont area for training, and on Aug. 4th went into the front line in the Baccarat sector in the Vosges mountains where it trained under the 6th French Corps. On Sept. 16th it proceeded by rail to the vicinity of Robert-Espagne. After four days it was moved by bus to Recicourt and as a part of the 5th Corps entered the Argonne drive at Avocourt. Relieved on Oct. 1st after having advanced to Cierges, the division was sent to Pagny-sur-Meuse from which point it was sent to hold a portion of the line in the St. Mihiel sector with headquarters at Euvesin. After nine days in this sector the division was withdrawn to Pagny-sur-Meuse and on Oct. 18th began its move by rail to Belgium where the Div. Hqs. At Hooglede in the Lys sector it was attached to the French Army 30th Corps on Oct. 22d. Advancing to and crossing the Escaut river the division was relieved from the front lines on November 4th and 5th and returned to Thielt for rest. On Nov. 8th the division was transferred to the 34th French Corps and again entered the lines along the Escaut river in a sector with Syngem as its headquarters. Forcing a crossing of the Scheldt (Escaut) river on the night of Nov. 10th-11th, the advance was begun early on the 11th and pushed forward some five kilometers to the towns of Dickele and Hindelgem where the arimistice at 11 a.m. brought the fighting to an end.

The artillery was sent to Camp de Souge for training and assigned to the 1st Army in the Argonne offensive, never serving with its own division. It served successively with the 4th American Corps, 2nd American Army, 2nd French Colonial Army, and 17th French Corps. At one time the three regiments of the brigade served with three different divisions, the 28th, 33d, and 92d, and only joined the division just prior to its return to the United States.

Commanders:

  • Maj. Gen. Charles G. Treat - April 24th
  • Maj. Gen. Chas. S. Farnsworth May 8th - return to the States.

The division made the following captures from the enemy: Officers, 26 enlisted men, 1,474; artillery nineteen 77's; four 105's; ten 155's; seven trench mortars; machine guns, 261, besides many rifles and a great deal of ammunition of all calibers. This division made a total advance against resistance of thirty and three-fourths kilometers. Battle deaths, 992; wounded 4,931; prisoners of war 23. One thousand two hundred and fifty replacements were furnished the 37th Division. Distinguished Service Crosses awarded, 25.[1]

Sources

  1. http://www.newrivernotes.com/topical_history_ww1_oob_american_forces.htm




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