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38th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry

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Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War North_Carolina
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38th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry completed its organization in January, 1862, at Camp Mangum, near Raleigh, North Carolina. Its members were recruited in the counties of Duplin, Tadkin, Sampson, Richmond, Catawba, Alexander, Randolph, Cleveland, and Cumberland. Ordered to Virginia, the unit was assigned to General Pender's and Scales' Brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia. It fought in many conflicts from the Seven Days' Battles to Cold Harbor, then took its place in the Petersburg trenches and saw action in the Appomattox Campaign. The regiment lost thirty-six percent of the 420 at Mechanicsville, had 2 killed and 22 wounded at Second Manassas, and had 14 wounded at Fredericksburg. Its casualties were 20 killed, 77 wounded, and 11 missing at Chancellorsville, and of the 216 engaged at Gettysburg, more than forty percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 21 officers and 110 men. The field officers were Colonels John Ashford and William J. Hoke, Lieutenant Colonels Robert F. Armfield, Oliver H. Dockery, and George W. Flowers; and Majors Lorenzo D. Andrews, M.M. McLauchlin, George W. Sharpe, and John T. Wilson. [1]

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.[2]

For a decription of Lee;s surrender at Appomatic Court House see "The Last Salute of the Army of Northern Virginia" from the "Boston Journal" May 19o1 by by General J. L. Chamberlain at :---- https://www.battlefields.org/learn/primary-sources/last-salute-army-northern-virginia

Who was The Typical Confederate Soldier and What Did He Carry? See this article "The Typical Condereate Soldier" as seen through the eyes of G. H. Baskett of Nashville, Tennesse. December 1893 at Duplin County, North Carolina's "Lost Souls" Genealogy Page.---- http://nccivilwar.lostsoulsgenealogy.com/confederatesoldier.htm


  1. 38th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  2. North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 A Roster. Vol. 10.
  • Manarin, Louis H., and Weymouth T. Jordan. North Carolina Troops 1861-1865 A Roster. Vol. 10. Raleigh, N.C.: State Dept. of Archives and History, 1966. FHL book975.6 M2nc Vol.10
  • 38th North Carolina Infantry Regimental History - Histories of the Several Regiments from North Carolina in the Great War 1861-65, Volume 2, Written by Members of the Respective Commands, Edited by Walter Clark, Lieutenant Colonel Seventeenth Regiment N.C.T, Published by the State, 1901, 676-697. Archive.org

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