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38th Regiment of the Mississippi Confederate Infantry

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1862 [unknown]
Location: [unknown]
Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Mississippi Confederate
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For profiles of men of the unit, see 38th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry, United States Civil War category.

38th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry formed during the summer of 1862 with men recruited in the counties of Holmes, Tishomingo, Alcorn, Wilkinson, Hancock, Harrison, Pearl River, and Marion. The unit fought at Iuka with 322 men, then reported 35 casualties in the Battle of Corinth. Later it was assigned to General Hebert's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. In July, 1863, it was captured in Vicksburg and during the siege lost 35 killed, 37 wounded, and 2 missing. Exchanged, the regiment contained 24 officers and 115 men in December, 1863. It then was mounted (38th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry) and assigned to Mabry's and W Adams' Brigade, Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana.[1]

"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H Crute, Jr contains no history for this unit.[2]

A brief History of the 38th Mississippi

Company Origins

Company A -- Holmes County Volunteers (raised in Holmes County, MS)
Company B -- Van Dorn Guards (raised in Claiborne County, MS)
Company C -- Hancock Rebels (raised in Hancock County, MS)
Company D -- Wilkinson Guards (raised in Wilkinson County, MS)
Company E -- White Rebels (raised in Lawrence County, MS)
Company F -- Johnston Avengers (raised in Copiah County, MS)
Company G -- Wolf Creek Marksmen (raised in Attala County, MS)
Company H -- Price Relief (raised in Hinds, Madison, & Newton Counties, MS)
Company I -- Columbia Guards (raised in Marion County, MS)
Company K -- Brent Rifles (raised in Pike County, MS)

Mounted in 1864

The companies for this regiment had their rendezvous at Jackson, and Colonel Fleming W. Adams was elected May 12, 1862, and later, on the 16th, the other field officers, Brent and Foxworth. The regiment was ordered to Corinth, then occupied by the army under General Beauregard, confronted by the army of General Halleck, and the regiment was there a few days before the evacuation, May 29, when they joined in the retreat toward Tupelo. The whole army suffered seriously from sickness during the occupation of Corinth, and this regiment, being new, lost many by death during May and June. The regiment was ordered to Columbus to recruit about July 1, and in August to Saltillo, where it was assigned to Col. John D. Martin’s Brigade of Gen. Henry Little's Division, Gen. Sterling Price's Army of tile West, which had been left in Northeast. (from Dunbar Rowland’s "Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howell’s "For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’


  1. 38th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry, National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database.
  2. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database.

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