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42nd Illinois Infantry Regiment

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Nickname: 1st Douglas Regiment

Image:42nd Illinois Marker at Chickamauga.jpg
42nd Illinois Infantry Regiment Marker - Chickamauga National Military Park
Battles/Campaigns Engaged in:

New Madrid/Island No. 10, Siege of Corinth, Stone's River (Murfreesboro), Tullahoma Campaign, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge (Chattanooga), Atlanta Campaign [Buzzard's Roost Gap, Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Jonesborough], Spring Hill, Franklin, Nashville

42nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry

Overview:Organized at Chicago, Ill., July 22, 1861. Left state for St. Louis, Mo., September 20, 1861. Attached to Dept. of Missouri, to February, 1862. Flotilla Brigade, Army of Mississippi, to April, 1862. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Army Miss., to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, 13th Division, Army of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps to June, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, to August, 1865. Dept. of Texas, to December, 1865.

Service:Joined Fremont at Tipton, Mo., October 18, 1861. Fremont's Campaign against Springfield, Mo., October 18-November 9. Duty at Smithton, Mo., December 13, 1861, to February 3, 1862. March to St. Charles, Mo., thence moved to Fort Holt, Ky., February 2-20, 1862. Operations against New Madrid, Mo., and Island No. 10, Mississippi River, February 28-April 8. Engagement at New Madrid, March 3-4. Actions at Island Number 10, March 15-16 and 25. Action and capture at Tiptonville April 8. Expedition to Fort Pillow, Tenn., April 13-17. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., April 17-22. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Action at Farmington May 3. Reconnoissance toward Corinth May 8. Action at Farmington May 9. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Skirmish at Rienzi June 3 (Detachment). Reconnoissance toward Baldwyn June 3. Camp at Big Springs June 14 to July 22. Moved to Iuka, Miss., July 22, thence to Courtland, Ala. Skirmish at Courtland August 22. Duty along line of Memphis and Charleston R. R. till September 2. March to Nashville, Tenn., September 3-12. Action at Columbia, Tenn., September 9. Siege of Nashville September 12-November 6. Repulse of Forest's attack on Edgefield November 5. Duty at Nashville till December 26. Hardin Pike near Nashville December 3. Advance on Murfreesboro December 26-30. Battle of Stone's River December 30-31, 1862, and January 1-3, 1863. Expedition to Columbia March 5-14. Middle Tennessee or Tullahoma Campaign June 24-July 7. Occupation of Middle Tennessee till August 16. Passage of Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River and Chickamauga, Ga. Campaign August 16-September 22. Battle of Chickamauga September 19-20. Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., September 24-November 23. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Orchard Knob November 23-24. Mission Ridge November 25. March to relief of Knoxville, Tenn., and Campaign in East Tennessee November 28, 1863, to January 15, 1864. Camp at Stone's Mill, Tenn., December 27, 1862, to January 15, 1864. Regiment veteranize January 1, 1864. Moved to Dandridge, Tenn., January 15, 1864. Operations about Dandridge January 16-17. Moved to Chattanooga January 21. Veterans on furlough February 21 to April 27. Atlanta, (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration against Rocky Faced Ridge May 8-11. Buzzard's Roost Gap May 8-9. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Calhoun May 16.Adairsville May 17. Kingston May 18-19. Near Cassville May 19. Advance on Dallas May 22-25. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Pine Hill June 11-14. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Station Smyrna, Camp Ground, July 4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Peach Tree Creek July 19-20. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy's Station September 2-6. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala., September 28. March to Chattanooga, thence to Alpine, Ga., and return October 19-30. Nashville Campaign November-December. Columbia, Duck River, November 24-27. Spring Hill November 29. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood, to the Tennessee River, December 17-28. Duty at Huntsville and Decatur, Ala., till April 1, 1865. Expedition to Bull's Gap April 1-22. Moved to Nashville, Tenn., and duty there till June 15. Moved to New Orleans, La., June 15-18, thence to Fort Lavacca, Texas, July 18-23, thence to Camp Irwin and duty there till August 17. Post duty at Port Lavacca till December. Mustered out at Camp Irwin December 16 and discharged at Springfield, Ill., January 10, 1866.

Regiment lost during service 13 Officers and 168 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 5 Officers and 201 Enlisted men by disease. Total 387. [1]

"Regiment History - from The Union Army, Vol. 3"

Forty-second Infantry.—Cols., William A. Webb, George W. Roberts, Nathan H. Walworth; Lieut.-Cols., David Stuart, Charles Northrop, Nathan H. Walworth, John A. Hottenstein, Edgar D. Swain; Majs., George W. Roberts, Nathan H. Walworth, John A. Hottenstein, James Leighton, David W. Norton, Frederick A. Atwater, Henry K. Walcott.

This regiment was organized at Chicago, July 22, 1861, and moved to St.Louis on Sept. 21. It moved to Island No. 10 in March, 1862, and was engaged until its surrender in April, 50 men of Co. A spiking 6 guns of the enemy on the night of April 1. On the night of April 4 a detachment of 20 men of Co. H on the gunboat "Carondelet," ran the blockade at Island No. 10. The regiment participated in the siege of Corinth, was engaged in the battle of Farmington, losing 2 killed, 12 wounded and 3 missing, and at Columbia, Tenn., in September it lost 1 man killed. In December it engaged in the Murfreesboro campaign and was engaged in the battle of Stone's river, with a loss of 22 killed, 116 wounded and 85 prisoners. It was also engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, losing 28 killed, 128 wounded and 28 prisoners, and then retreated to Chattanooga.

It was in the battle of Missionary ridge, losing 5 killed and 40 wounded, oeing on the skirmish line during the whole engagement. On Jan. 1, 1864, the regiment reenlisted as a veteran organization and on the 21st moved by rail to Chicago for the usual 30-day furlough. Returning to the field, it was engaged at Rocky Face ridge, Resaca, Adairsville, New Hope -Church, Pine mountain, Kennesaw mountain, Peachtree creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro, and Lovejoy"s Station, encamping at Atlanta on Sept. 8. Its total loss during the campaign was 20 killed, 89 wounded and 7 prisoners.

On Nov. 22 it commenced the retreat for _ Nashville, engaging with the enemy at Spring Hill and Franklin, and losing 24 killed, 95 wounded and 30 prisoners. It was also engaged in the battle of Nashville, losing 2 Killed and 11 wounded. In the following spring it was transferred to the trans-Mississippi department and remained on duty there until Dec. 16, 1865, when it was mustered out at Indianola, Tex.

Fox's History

Organized at Chicago, July 22, 1861, and left the State, September 21st, proceeding to St. Louis. It served in Missouri until April, 1862, when it was ordered to Corinth. During the siege of that place it was engaged in the affair at Farmington, losing 2 killed, 12 wounded, and 3 missing. After marching through Mississippi, Northern Alabama, and Tennessee, its next battle occurred at Stone's River. It was then in Roberts's Illinois Brigade, Sheridan's (3d) Division, McCook's Corps; loss, 19 killed, 96 wounded, and 46 missing; Colonel Roberts, who was in command of the brigade, was among the killed. At Chickamauga, Major James Leighton was killed, the loss of the Forty-second in that battle amounting to 28 killed, 128 wounded, and 28 prisoners.1 In October, 1863, it was placed in Harker's (3d) Brigade, Sheridan's (2d) Division, Fourth Corps, in which command it fought at Missionary Ridge; loss, 5 killed and 40 wounded The division was commanded by General John Newton during the Atlanta campaign, and by General Wagner during the Tennessee campaign against Hood. Major D. W. Norton was killed near New Hope Church, Ga., June 3, 1864. The regiment lost at Spring Hill and Franklin, 24 killed, 95 wounded, and 30 missing; at Nashville, 2 killed and 12 wounded. Having reenlisted, it served throughout the war, and at its close accompanied the Fourth Corps to Texas where it was stationed in 1865, as an Army of Occupation.[2]


  1. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  2. Taken from; William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1888

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