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4th Regiment, Michigan Infantry (1st Organization), United States Civil War

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Date: 1861 to 1864
Location: Michiganmap
Surname/tag: US_Civil_War
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See: the category for the 4th Regiment, Michigan Infantry (1st Organization), United States Civil War for a grouping of profiles of persons of this unit.

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4th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment

The 4th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. This regiment was one of the few regiments in the Civil War to lose more in battle than from disease.
4th Michigan Volunteers Monument at Gettysburg
Mustered in: June 20, 1861
Mustered out: June 30, 1864
Nickname(s): "The Old 4th"
Total Enrollment: 1,325
Killed and Died of Wounds: 189
Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 108
Died in Confederate Prisons (Previously Included): 35
Total Dead: 297
Total Wounded: 335
Total Casualties: 632
Total Percentage Dead: 22.42%
Total Percentage Killed (Previously Included): 14.26%
Total Percentage Wounded: 25.28%
Total Casualty Percentage: 47.70%
Saving the Flag by Don Troiani, The 4th Michigan at Gettysburg


4th Regiment, Michigan Infantry (1st organization)

Overview:Organized at Adrian, Mich., and mustered in June 20, 1861. Left State for Washington, D. C., June 26. Attached to Wilcox's Brigade, Heintzelman's Division, McDowell's Army of Northeastern Virginia, to August, 1861. Sherman's Brigade, Division of the Potomac, to October, 1861. Morell's Brigade, Porter's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1864.

Service:Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21, 1861. Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till March, 1862. Moved to the Virginia Peninsula March 16. Action at Howard's Mills April 4. Warwick Road April 15. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Hogan's, near New Bridge, and Ellison's Mills, near Mechanicsville, May 23. New Bridge May 24. Battle of Hanover Court House May 27. Operations about Hanover Court House May 27-29. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Battle of Mechanicsville June 26. Gaines' Mill June 27. Malvern Hill July 1. Duty at Harrison's Landing till August 16. Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Centreville August 16-28. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battle of Antietam, Md., September 16-17. Blackford's Ford September 19. Shephardstown September 20. Reconnoissance toward Smithfield, W. Va., October 16-17. Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 29-November 17. Battle of Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-15. Expedition from Potomac Creek to Richards' and Ellis Fords, Rappahannock River, December 29-30. At Falmouth, Va., till April 27. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Battle of Chancellorsville May 1-5. Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign June 11-July 24. Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1-3. Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va., July 5-24. Duty on line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan till October. Bristoe Campaign October 9-22. Advance to line of Rappahannock November 7-8. Rappahannock Station November 7. Mine Run Campaign November 26-December 2. Duty at Bealeton, Va., till May, 1864. Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River May 4-June 15. Battle of the Wilderness May 5-7. Laurel Hill May 8. Spottsylvania May 8-12. Spottsylvania Court House May 12-21. Assault on the Salient May 12. North Anna River May 23-26. Jericho Mills May 23. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomoy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 16-19. Relieved from duty in the trenches June 19. Mustered out June 30, 1864. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 1st Michigan Infantry.

Regiment lost during service 12 Officers and 177 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 107 Enlisted men by disease. Total 297. [1]

Company E - "Hillsdale Volunteers"

The Union Army History

Fourth Infantry. -Cols., Dwight A. Woodbury, Jonathan W. Childs, Harrison H. Jeffords, George W. Lumbard, Jairus W. Hall; Lieut. -Cols., William W. Duffield, Jonathan W. Childs, George W. Lumbard, Michael J. Vreeland; Majs., Jonathan W. Childs, John M. Randolph, Jairus W. Hall, Sewell S. Parker. This regiment was organized at Adrian in May, 1861, and was mustered in June 20. It left the state June 25 and reported at Washington, where it was engaged in the defense of the city during the summer and encamped at Miner's hill, Va., during the winter. It was attached to Griffin's brigade, Morell's brigade, Porter's division, 3d corps, and participated in the siege of Yorktown. It was also engaged at New bridge in May, fording the Chickahominy under a heavy fire and driving off a superior force, for which it received high praise, Gen. McClellan telegraphing that the 4th Mich, had "covered itself with glory." It was then engaged at Hanover Court House, Mechanicsville, at Gaines' mill, Savage Station, Turkey bend, White Oak swamp, and Malvern hill, where Col. Woodbury was killed. Lieut.-Col. Childs was made colonel, Lieut. -Col. Duffield having been promoted to the colonelcy of the 9th. In six days' fighting the regiment lost 53 killed, 144 wounded and 52 missing. It was next engaged at Gainesville, the second Bull Run, Antietam, and Shepherdstown ford, where its brigade forded the Potomac under battery fire, driving off the enemy and capturing the guns. The regiment was at Fredericksburg in December, where a ridge was taken under terrific fire, with a loss of 9 killed, 41 wounded and 1 missing. It was in camp near Falmouth during the winter, engaged in the battle of Chancellorsville, remained at Kelly's ford until June 13, and then marched through Maryland and Pennsylvania to Gettysburg, where it took a prominent part, sharing in the fiercest of the fight. Col. Jeffords, who had succeeded Childs, was killed, and the loss of the regiment was 28 killed, 84 wounded, with many missing and prisoners. Lieut.-Col. Lumbard was promoted colonel. The regiment followed the Confederate army southward, fighting at Williamsport, Wapping heights, Culpeper, Brandy Station, Bristoe Station, Rappahannock Station and Mine run, and was on railroad guard duty at Bealeton from Dec. 1, until April 30, 1864. It was in the battle of the Wilderness, where Col. Lumbard was killed, fought at Laurel hill, the Po river, Spottsylvania, the Ny river, the North Anna, Jericho Mills, Totopotomy, Magnolia Swamp and Bethesda Church, and then proceeded to Petersburg, where it took part in the early assaults on the works. On June 19 it started for home and was mustered out on the 30th, with 135 men and 22 officers present, 129 having reenlisted as veterans. The 280 men and 3 officers, whose terms had not expired, were left with the 1st regiment when the 4th left for home. The original strength of the regiment was 1,025; gain by recruits, 300; total, 1,325. Loss by death, 273.

Fox's History

Organized at Adrian, Mich., May 16, 1861, taking its departure from the State on the 25th of June. Proceeding to Virginia it joined in the advance to First Bull Run, but was not engaged there. The following winter was spent in camp at Miner's Hill, Va., moving in the early spring to the Peninsula with the main army, where it was assigned to the Second Brigade (Griffin's), First Division (Morell's), Fifth Corps, in which it remained, with occasional change of commanders, during its entire service. It encountered its first hard fighting at Gaines's Mill, where it lost 15 killed, 41 wounded, and 32 missing; at Malvern Hill, four days later, its casualties were 41 killed, 100 wounded, and 23 missing,--Colonel Woodbury being among the killed. At Gettysburg the division was commanded by General Barnes, and the brigade by Colonel Sweitzer; the division fought there in the desperate contest in the wheatfield, the regiment losing 25 killed, 64 wounded, and 76 missing. The fighting at Gettysburg was close; a Confederate officer who seized the flag of the Fourth was shot by Colonel Jeffords, who, in turn, was bayoneted by a soldier and fell clinging to his colors; the soldier who ran him through went down, killed by a bullet from Major Hall's revolver. Colonel Lombard, who succeeded to the command of the regiment, lost his life at the battle of the Wilderness. At the Wilderness and Spotsylvania the casualties amounted to 10 killed, 62 wounded, and 8 missing; total, 80. The regiment was mustered out on June 20, 1864, its term of service having expired.[2]

4th Michigan Monument Rear Inscription

Flags

Fourth Michigan Infantry (National) Battle Flag 1861 to March 1863

Uniform

4th Michigan Uniform
The 4th Michigan wore a very americanized zouave uniform. This uniform consisted of a federal dark blue sack coat, dark blue chasseur trousers, tan gaiters, and a maroon zouave fez with a light blue tassel. Before 1862, they had a light gray uniform.

Sources

  1. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  2. Taken from; William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1888


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