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5th Maryland Regiment (1776), Continental Army

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Date: [unknown] [unknown]
Location: Baltimore, Maryland, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: 1776 Robert Lemmon Miltary_and_War
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5th Maryland Regiment (1776)

The 5th Maryland Regiment is a designation which has been held by several units over the years, not all of which necessarily share the same lineage and honors. Although the first unit to carry the "5th Maryland" designation was organized in 1776 from volunteers in rural Maryland, the designation has been most often associated with militia units in Baltimore. [1]

The first 5th Maryland Regiment was organized on 27 March 1776 composing of eight companies of volunteers from the counties of Queen Anne's, Kent, Caroline, and Dorchester of the colony of Maryland and was authorized on 16 September 1776 for service with the Continental Army.

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It was assigned to the main Continental Army on 27 December 1776. On 22 May 1777, it was assigned to the 1st Maryland Brigade and re-organized on 12 May 1779 to nine companies. It was re-assigned to the Southern Department on 5 April 1780. The regiment was re-assigned from the 1st Maryland Brigade to the Maryland Brigade on 1 January 1781. The regiment would see action during the Battle of Long Island (1776), the Battle of Brandywine (1777), the Battle of Germantown (1777), the Battle of Monmouth (1778), the Battle of Camden (1780), and the Battle of Guilford Court House (1781). The regiment was furloughed 1 January 1782, at Round O, South Carolina and disbanded on 1 January 1783.

5th Maryland Regiment

Active 1774-1783
Country United States
Allegiance Continental Congress of the United States
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Size 728 soldiers(1776) re-organized to 611 soldiers(1781)
Part of Maryland Line
Nickname Dandy Fifth


Battle of Long Island
Battle of Trenton
Battle of Princeton
Battle of Brandywine
Battle of Germantown
Battle of Monmouth
Battle of Yorktown
Battle of Cowpens
Battle of Guilford Court House
New York 1776
New York 1777
South Carolina 1780
South Carolina 1781
South Carolina 1782


  • Painting of the Battle of North Point by Don Troiani, at which the Maryland Militia, including the 5th Maryland Regiment, held up the British advance long enough to organize the successful defense of Baltimore.
  • The Battle of North Point, Lithograph of an original painting by militiaman and amateur painter Thomas Ruckle. Ruckle served with the Washington Blues, a company of the 5th Regiment, Maryland Militia, at the Battle of North Point

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