74th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

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Date: 4 Sep 1862 to 10 Jun 1865
Location: Rockford, Winnebago, Illinois, United Statesmap
Surnames/tags: US_civil_War Illinois
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74th Regiment, Illinois Infantry

The 74th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Most of the companies were made up of men from Winnebago County.

Camp Fuller

The 74th was organized at Camp Fuller in Rockford in August 1862 and mustered into the US Army on September 4. The Regiment had their own Regimental Nurse Mary Jane Brainard who came along with her husband Private Jared Brainard.

On September 30, 1862, the Regiment left by train from Rockford to report for duty at Louisville, Kentucky.

They were attached to 30th Brigade, 9th Division, Army of the Ohio, afterward known as the Army of the Cumberland, - which was then being organized under General Don Carlos Buel.

On October 1 they joined with the Seventy-fifth and Fifty-ninth Illinois, the Twenty-second Indiana, and the Fifth (Pinney's) Wisconsin Battery and formed the Thirtieth Brigade, Ninth Division, Fourteenth Corps, under the command of Colonel Philip Sidney Post.

By Dec. 4, 1862, only 600 of the almost 1,000 men who had left Rockford were able to report for duty.

On Dec 3, 1864, shortly before the final battle at Nashville, there were only 126 men left of the 940 who had left Rockford.

On June 10 1865 the 74th, numbering 343 (some had been recruited since mustering in 1862 at Camp Fuller) were mustered out of service at Nashville, Tennessee. They returned to Rockford on June 29 and were welcomed with a public reception.


Commanding officers of the Illinois 74th Infantry






  • Charles N. Ellenwood, Chicago
  • Dr. Henry P. Strong, 1st Assistant, Rockford
  • Chesseldon Fisher, 1st Assistant, Freeport
  • Albert Coates, 1st Assistant, Chicago


Sergeant Majors


  • Asher Miller, Pipe Major, Rockford
  • Shepherd Noross, Rockton
  • Joe Blanchard, DeKalb Center
  • George A. Hurd, Principal Musician, Howard
  • Charles W. Gerham, Winnebago


A (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Cherry Valley, New Milford, and Owen
  • Officers
Major Thomas J. L. Remington, Rockford
Captain Josiah Leffingwell, Harrison
First Lieutenant Sylvester Clement
First Lieutenant James S. Cowan, Rockton
Second Lieutenant Alfred Barker, Rockford
Second Lieutenant John Vance, Rockford
Sergeant William Leffingwell, Rockton
Sergeant Norman Robinson, Rockford
Corporal James Hunter, Guilford
Corporal James Robert James Coulter, Harrison
Corporal Edward Dufoe, Rockford
Corporal John N. Smith, Harrison
Corporal Amasa Hutchins, Rockford
Corporal John M. Edes, Harrison
Corporal William H. Hitchcock, Rockford
Corporal Allen Woodle, Harrison

B (Winnebago County)

All men from Pecatonica
  • Officers
Captain David Bottolph, Pecatonica
Captian August Thomson, Pecatonica
First Lieutenant Edwin Swift, Pecatonica
First Sergeant James H. Bottolph, Pecatonica
Sergeant James P. Barker, Pecatonica
Sergeant Wilson H. Moulton, Pecatonica
Corporal Benjamin C. Brown, Pecatonica
Corporal Frank Chapman, Pecatonica
Corporal Frank Flynn, Pecatonica
Corporal William E. Lowe, Pecatonica
Corporal George Rugg, Pecatonica
Corporal Henry A. Stebbins, Pecatonica

C (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Seward, Winnebago, Cherry Valley and Owen
  • Officers
Captain Hampton Sloan, Winnebago
Captain Christopher Brazee, Rockford
Captain John Squier, Rockford
First Lieutenant Hosmer P. Holland, Rockford
First Lieutenant Alexander H. Beatie, Rockford
Second Lieutenant Richard P. Blaisedell, Rockford
Second Lieutenant Robert Simpson, Rockford
Sergeant Ezra Grippen, Winnebago
Sergeant Bradford A. Chaplin, Rockford
Sergeant Charles H. C. Dogwell, Rockford
Corporal Francis H. Fairman, Rockford
Corporal Cyris Miller, Winnebago
Corporal Samuel Washburn, Rockford
Corporal David H. Sacia, Winnebago
Corporal John A. Holland, Rockford
Corporal Thomas P. Treadwell, Winnebago
Corporal Thomas R. Heigley, Rockford

D (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Steward, Winnebago, Cherry Valley, Shirland, Rockton, and Roscoe
  • Officers
Captain Jonathan H. Douglas, Rockford
Captain Hobart H. Hatch, Rockford
First Lieutenant John H. Nye, Shirland
First Lieutenant John Beatson, Burritt
Sergeant Thomas W. Cole, Rockford
Sergeant William C. McCaughey, Rockford
Sergeant Omri J. Cummings Guilford
Sergeant John G. Morgan, Shirland
Corporal Riley Van Pattan, Rockford
Corporal James Crane, Rockford
Corporal Henry Gilchrist, Rockford
Corporal Edgar G. Day, Rockford
Corporal Otis G. Sanderson, Rockford
Corporal Charles E. Goodspeed, Rockford
Corporal Henry W Smith, Rockton

E (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, Seward, Burritt, Harlem, Winnebago, Cherry Valley, Pecatonica, New Milford, Rockton, Roscoe, and Pecatonica
  • Officers
Captain Elias Cosper, Rockford (Promoted to Major, Paymaster)
Captain Alpheus Blakesley, Rockford
First Lieutenant William Powell, Cherry Valley
First Lieutenant Charles C. Allen, Pecatonica
Second Lieutenant William P. Sherman, Rockford
Second Lieutenant James C. Babbitt, Seward
Second Lieutenant Morgan J. Conradt, New Milford
Sergeant William E. Lippitt, Cherry Valley
Sergeant James McAffee, Harlem
Sergeant Ebenezer Webster, Seward
Corporal Barkley Butler, Rockford
Corporal Norman Clothier, New Milford
Corporal Edward H. Cook, Rockford
Corporal Dwight B. Holdrifge, New Milford
Corporal James L. Sherman, Rockford
Corporal Lewis T. Sweezey, Guilford

F (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, New Milford, Howard, DeKalb Centre, Cherry Valley, Pecatonica, Durand, Byron, Monroe, Harrison, Rockton, and Guilford
  • Officers
Captain Henry C. Barker, Rockford
Captain George R. Bradshaw, Byron
First Lieutenant Jerome E. Andrews, Rockford
First Lieutenant Edwin L. Simpson, Rockford
First Lieutenant Cyrenius N. Woods, Byron
Second Lieutenant John Hartwell, Rockford
Sergeant Charles Burpee, Rockford
Sergeant Henry Heagle, Rockford
Sergeant Rudolphus W. Peake, Rockford
Corporal Robert B. Archibald, Rockford
Corporal George W. Blakley, Rockford
Corporal Jacob N. Hoffman, Rockford
Corporal George W. Rise, Monroe
Corporal Floyd Smith, Harrison
Corporal Sylvanus O. Troxell, Rockford
Corporal Amasa Work, Rockford

G (Ogle County)

  • Officers
Captain Bowman Bacon, Oregon

H (Winnebago County)

Men from Laona, Durand, Burritt, and Howard
  • Officers

I (Stephenson County)

  • Officers
Captain Frederick W. Stegner, Davis

K (Winnebago County)

Men from Rockford, Winnebago, New Milford, Cherry Valley, Monroe, Guilford, Owen, and Roscoe
  • Officers
Captain Butler Ward, Rockford
Captain Henry Baker, Rockford
Captain Albert Latin, New Milford
First Lieutenant Andrew Potter, Rockford
First Lieutenant Rudophus Peake, Rockford
Second Lieutenant William Cain, Rockford
Sergeant Arthur P. Brown, Rockford
Sergeant Henry V. Freeman, Rockford
Sergeant Daniel Hawn, New Milford
Sergeant Rueben Garlick, Roscoe
Corporal Thomas Sheratt, Rockford
Corporal Moses Felmly, Owen
Corporal George Pardee, New Milford
Corporal John B. Caspares, Monroe
Corporal Lester Swezey, Guilford
Corporal Horace Utter, Rockford
Corporal John M. Brooks, Rockford
Corporal Edward C. Mofatt, Rockford


  • Battle of Perryville October 8, 1862, Perryville, Kentucky; 74th was held back in reserve
Battle of Stones River
  • Battle of Stones River December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The 74th was on the Union right, which drew the main attack. Casualties: 85; 8 killed, 35 wounded, 42 missing or captured. Captain Butler Ward, Co. K, sustained wounds that forced him to resign in March 1863.
  • Tullahoma Campaign June 23 - August 31, 1863, Tennessee
  • Battle of Chickamauga September 21 – November 25, 1863, near Chattanooga, Tennessee; Casualties: 59; 14 killed, 39 wounded, and 6 missing. Of the wounded, several survived but a short time.
  • Battle of Missionary Ridge November 25, 1863, Chattanooga, Tennessee. The 74th Regiment was one of the first to plant its colors atop the enemy stronghold. Colonel Jason Marsh was badly wounded.
  • Atlanta Campaign May 6 - September 2, 1864, Between Chattanooga and Atlanta; Casualties: 120; 21 killed, 99 wounded. (Records are incomplete).
  • Battle of Resaca May 14-15, 1864, Resaca, Georgia
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
  • Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864, near Marietta, Georgia.
Lieutenant Colonel James Kerr was wounded, taken prisoner and later died.
Four ranking captains were killed:
Captain David Bottolph, Co. B
Captain Henry Clay :Barker, Co. F,
Captain Bowman Winslow Bacon, Co. G,
Captain Frederick W. Stegner, Co. I
  • Battle of Peach Tree Creek July 20, 1864, North of Atlanta; several casualties
  • Battle of Jonesborough August 31–September 1, 1864, Jonesboro, Tennessee; 14 wounded and missing
  • Battle of Franklin November 30, 1864, Franklin, Tennessee; no record of casualties
  • Battle of Nashville December 15-16, 1864, Nashville, Tennessee

Roll of Honor

The regiment suffered 5 officers and 78 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 116 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 202 fatalities

Killed in Action or Died of Wounds

Died of Disease


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