Location: Rockford, Winnebago, Illinois, United States
Surnames/tags: US_civil_War Illinois
74th Regiment, Illinois Infantry
The 74th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Most of the companies were made up of men from Winnebago County.
The 74th was organized at Camp Fuller in Rockford in August 1862 and mustered into the US Army on September 4. The Regiment had their own Regimental Nurse Mary Jane Brainard who came along with her husband Private Jared Brainard.
On September 30, 1862, the Regiment left by train from Rockford to report for duty at Louisville, Kentucky.
They were attached to 30th Brigade, 9th Division, Army of the Ohio, afterward known as the Army of the Cumberland, - which was then being organized under General Don Carlos Buel.
On October 1 they joined with the Seventy-fifth and Fifty-ninth Illinois, the Twenty-second Indiana, and the Fifth (Pinney's) Wisconsin Battery and formed the Thirtieth Brigade, Ninth Division, Fourteenth Corps, under the command of Colonel Philip Sidney Post.
By Dec. 4, 1862, only 600 of the almost 1,000 men who had left Rockford were able to report for duty.
On Dec 3, 1864, shortly before the final battle at Nashville, there were only 126 men left of the 940 who had left Rockford.
On June 10 1865 the 74th, numbering 343 (some had been recruited since mustering in 1862 at Camp Fuller) were mustered out of service at Nashville, Tennessee. They returned to Rockford on June 29 and were welcomed with a public reception.
|Commanding officers of the Illinois 74th Infantry|
- Colonel Jason Marsh, Rockford
- Colonel Thomas J. Byron, Durand
- Lieutenant Colonel James Kerr, Roscoe
- Major Edward F. Dutcher, Oregon
- Major Thomas J. L. Remington, Rockford
- Edward A. Blodgett
- Anton Nieman, Chicago
- First Lieutenant Andrew M. Potter, Rockford
- First Lieutenant John H. Nye, Shirland
- Gardner Allen, Rockford
- George Dunbar, Rockford
- Lewis Williams, Rockford
- Walter D. B. Morrill, Rockford
- Charles N. Ellenwood, Chicago
- Dr. Henry P. Strong, 1st Assistant, Rockford
- Chesseldon Fisher, 1st Assistant, Freeport
- Albert Coates, 1st Assistant, Chicago
- Timothy B. Taylor, Durand
- Ira Fayette Pettibone, Durand
- Rudophus Peake, Rockford
- William Cain Rockford
- Asher Miller, Pipe Major, Rockford
- Shepherd Noross, Rockton
- Joe Blanchard, DeKalb Center
- George A. Hurd, Principal Musician, Howard
- Charles W. Gerham, Winnebago
A (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Cherry Valley, New Milford, and Owen
- Major Thomas J. L. Remington, Rockford
- Captain Josiah Leffingwell, Harrison
- First Lieutenant Sylvester Clement
- First Lieutenant James S. Cowan, Rockton
- Second Lieutenant Alfred Barker, Rockford
- Second Lieutenant John Vance, Rockford
- Sergeant William Leffingwell, Rockton
- Sergeant Norman Robinson, Rockford
- Corporal James Hunter, Guilford
- Corporal James Robert James Coulter, Harrison
- Corporal Edward Dufoe, Rockford
- Corporal John N. Smith, Harrison
- Corporal Amasa Hutchins, Rockford
- Corporal John M. Edes, Harrison
- Corporal William H. Hitchcock, Rockford
- Corporal Allen Woodle, Harrison
B (Winnebago County)
- All men from Pecatonica
- Captain David Bottolph, Pecatonica
- Captian August Thomson, Pecatonica
- First Lieutenant Edwin Swift, Pecatonica
- First Sergeant James H. Bottolph, Pecatonica
- Sergeant James P. Barker, Pecatonica
- Sergeant Wilson H. Moulton, Pecatonica
- Corporal Benjamin C. Brown, Pecatonica
- Corporal Frank Chapman, Pecatonica
- Corporal Frank Flynn, Pecatonica
- Corporal William E. Lowe, Pecatonica
- Corporal George Rugg, Pecatonica
- Corporal Henry A. Stebbins, Pecatonica
C (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Seward, Winnebago, Cherry Valley and Owen
- Captain Hampton Sloan, Winnebago
- Captain Christopher Brazee, Rockford
- Captain John Squier, Rockford
- First Lieutenant Hosmer P. Holland, Rockford
- First Lieutenant Alexander H. Beatie, Rockford
- Second Lieutenant Richard P. Blaisedell, Rockford
- Second Lieutenant Robert Simpson, Rockford
- Sergeant Ezra Grippen, Winnebago
- Sergeant Bradford A. Chaplin, Rockford
- Sergeant Charles H. C. Dogwell, Rockford
- Corporal Francis H. Fairman, Rockford
- Corporal Cyris Miller, Winnebago
- Corporal Samuel Washburn, Rockford
- Corporal David H. Sacia, Winnebago
- Corporal John A. Holland, Rockford
- Corporal Thomas P. Treadwell, Winnebago
- Corporal Thomas R. Heigley, Rockford
D (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, Harrison, Harlem, Guilford, Burritt, Steward, Winnebago, Cherry Valley, Shirland, Rockton, and Roscoe
- Captain Jonathan H. Douglas, Rockford
- Captain Hobart H. Hatch, Rockford
- First Lieutenant John H. Nye, Shirland
- First Lieutenant John Beatson, Burritt
- Sergeant Thomas W. Cole, Rockford
- Sergeant William C. McCaughey, Rockford
- Sergeant Omri J. Cummings Guilford
- Sergeant John G. Morgan, Shirland
- Corporal Riley Van Pattan, Rockford
- Corporal James Crane, Rockford
- Corporal Henry Gilchrist, Rockford
- Corporal Edgar G. Day, Rockford
- Corporal Otis G. Sanderson, Rockford
- Corporal Charles E. Goodspeed, Rockford
- Corporal Henry W Smith, Rockton
E (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, Seward, Burritt, Harlem, Winnebago, Cherry Valley, Pecatonica, New Milford, Rockton, Roscoe, and Pecatonica
- Captain Elias Cosper, Rockford (Promoted to Major, Paymaster)
- Captain Alpheus Blakesley, Rockford
- First Lieutenant William Powell, Cherry Valley
- First Lieutenant Charles C. Allen, Pecatonica
- Second Lieutenant William P. Sherman, Rockford
- Second Lieutenant James C. Babbitt, Seward
- Second Lieutenant Morgan J. Conradt, New Milford
- Sergeant William E. Lippitt, Cherry Valley
- Sergeant James McAffee, Harlem
- Sergeant Ebenezer Webster, Seward
- Corporal Barkley Butler, Rockford
- Corporal Norman Clothier, New Milford
- Corporal Edward H. Cook, Rockford
- Corporal Dwight B. Holdrifge, New Milford
- Corporal James L. Sherman, Rockford
- Corporal Lewis T. Sweezey, Guilford
F (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, New Milford, Howard, DeKalb Centre, Cherry Valley, Pecatonica, Durand, Byron, Monroe, Harrison, Rockton, and Guilford
- Captain Henry C. Barker, Rockford
- Captain George R. Bradshaw, Byron
- First Lieutenant Jerome E. Andrews, Rockford
- First Lieutenant Edwin L. Simpson, Rockford
- First Lieutenant Cyrenius N. Woods, Byron
- Second Lieutenant John Hartwell, Rockford
- Sergeant Charles Burpee, Rockford
- Sergeant Henry Heagle, Rockford
- Sergeant Rudolphus W. Peake, Rockford
- Corporal Robert B. Archibald, Rockford
- Corporal George W. Blakley, Rockford
- Corporal Jacob N. Hoffman, Rockford
- Corporal George W. Rise, Monroe
- Corporal Floyd Smith, Harrison
- Corporal Sylvanus O. Troxell, Rockford
- Corporal Amasa Work, Rockford
G (Ogle County)
- Captain Bowman Bacon, Oregon
H (Winnebago County)
- Men from Laona, Durand, Burritt, and Howard
I (Stephenson County)
- Captain Frederick W. Stegner, Davis
K (Winnebago County)
- Men from Rockford, Winnebago, New Milford, Cherry Valley, Monroe, Guilford, Owen, and Roscoe
- Captain Butler Ward, Rockford
- Captain Henry Baker, Rockford
- Captain Albert Latin, New Milford
- First Lieutenant Andrew Potter, Rockford
- First Lieutenant Rudophus Peake, Rockford
- Second Lieutenant William Cain, Rockford
- Sergeant Arthur P. Brown, Rockford
- Sergeant Henry V. Freeman, Rockford
- Sergeant Daniel Hawn, New Milford
- Sergeant Rueben Garlick, Roscoe
- Corporal Thomas Sheratt, Rockford
- Corporal Moses Felmly, Owen
- Corporal George Pardee, New Milford
- Corporal John B. Caspares, Monroe
- Corporal Lester Swezey, Guilford
- Corporal Horace Utter, Rockford
- Corporal John M. Brooks, Rockford
- Corporal Edward C. Mofatt, Rockford
- Battle of Perryville October 8, 1862, Perryville, Kentucky; 74th was held back in reserve
|Battle of Stones River|
- Battle of Stones River December 31, 1862 – January 2, 1863, Murfreesboro, Tennessee. The 74th was on the Union right, which drew the main attack. Casualties: 85; 8 killed, 35 wounded, 42 missing or captured. Captain Butler Ward, Co. K, sustained wounds that forced him to resign in March 1863.
- Tullahoma Campaign June 23 - August 31, 1863, Tennessee
- Battle of Chickamauga September 21 – November 25, 1863, near Chattanooga, Tennessee; Casualties: 59; 14 killed, 39 wounded, and 6 missing. Of the wounded, several survived but a short time.
- Battle of Missionary Ridge November 25, 1863, Chattanooga, Tennessee. The 74th Regiment was one of the first to plant its colors atop the enemy stronghold. Colonel Jason Marsh was badly wounded.
- Atlanta Campaign May 6 - September 2, 1864, Between Chattanooga and Atlanta; Casualties: 120; 21 killed, 99 wounded. (Records are incomplete).
- Battle of Resaca May 14-15, 1864, Resaca, Georgia
|Battle of Kennesaw Mountain|
- Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864, near Marietta, Georgia.
- Lieutenant Colonel James Kerr was wounded, taken prisoner and later died.
- Four ranking captains were killed:
- Captain David Bottolph, Co. B
- Captain Henry Clay :Barker, Co. F,
- Captain Bowman Winslow Bacon, Co. G,
- Captain Frederick W. Stegner, Co. I
- Battle of Peach Tree Creek July 20, 1864, North of Atlanta; several casualties
- Battle of Jonesborough August 31–September 1, 1864, Jonesboro, Tennessee; 14 wounded and missing
- Battle of Franklin November 30, 1864, Franklin, Tennessee; no record of casualties
- Battle of Nashville December 15-16, 1864, Nashville, Tennessee
Roll of Honor
The regiment suffered 5 officers and 78 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 116 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 202 fatalities
Killed in Action or Died of Wounds
- Private George Atkinson, Co. A, was killed June 27, 1864, in the Battle of Kennesaw.
- Captain Bowman Winslow Bacon, Co. G, died July 21, 1864 of blood poisoning from wounds sustained at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
- Captain Henry Clay Barker, Co. F, was killed June 27, 1864, in the Battle of Kennesaw.
- Private David L. Benjamin, Co. A died of his wounds during Battle of Stones River February 10, 1863.
- Captain David Bottolph, Co. B, was killed at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864.
- Private Robert Bingham, Co. A, was killed May 16, 1864, in the Battle of Resaca.
- Sergeant Bradford Champlin, Co. C, was killed June 27, 1864 at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.
- Corporal Robert Coulter, Co. A, killed at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864.
- Private Austin Inman, Co. I, killed at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864.
- Lieutenant Colonel James Ker was wounded and taken prisoner at the Battle of Kenshaw Mountain. He died of his wounds on July 3, 1864.
- Captain Frederick W. Stegner, Co. I, killed at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, June 27, 1864.
- Private Isaac A. Webster, Co, A, died from from a bullet to his shoulder after the Battle of Kenshaw Mountain on June 30, 1864.
- Corporal Allen Woodle was killed during the Battle of Resaca on May 14, 1864.
Died of Disease
- Private David Atkinson, Co. A, died in 1863 in Indiana on his way home after being discharged for disability.
- Private Luke Baker, Co. A, died of pneumonia at Murfreesboro, Tennessee February 6, 1863.
- Corporal John M. Edes, Co. A, died of bronchitis on November 14, 1862 at Lebanon, Kentucky.
- Corporal Henry Gilchrist, Co. D., died Feb 13, 1863 at Nashville
- Private Amos Haskin, Co. A, died March 27 1865 in Huntsville, Alabama.
- Corporal James Hunter, Co. A, died of measles December 15, 1862, in Nashville, Tennessee.
- Drummer Charles R. Jones, Co. D, died in Murfreesboro April 17, 1863
- Private Edmond B. Kilburn, Co. D, died of illness February 23, 1863 in Tennessee.
- Quartermaster Lewis Williams died of meningitis November 26, 1862 at the regimental hospital in Nashville.
- Private Edward Swezey, Co. D, died November 4, 1865, nine days after being discharged due to illness.
- 74th Regiment, Illinois Infantry Wikipedia
- Illinois USGenWeb Project
- History of the 74th Illinois Infantry
- Society of the 74th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Reunion Proceedings and History of the Regiment
- Report of the adjutant general of the state of Illinois Muster Rolls
- Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls
- Winnebago County in the Civil War
- Seventy-Fourth Illinois Volunteer Infantry Virtual Cemetery FindAGrave
- New Page for Illinois 74th Infantry Jan 14, 2022.
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