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7th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, United States Civil War

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7th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment, US Civil War

The 7th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.[1]


The 7th Iowa Infantry was organized at Burlington, Iowa and assembled into Federal service between July 24 and August 4, 1861.

The regiment was sent out on July 12, 1865.

Total strength and casualties

Unit strength was 1552. The regiment lost 7 officers and 134 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 4 officers and 160 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 305 fatalities. 354 were wounded.

7th Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry

Active: July 24, 1861 to July 12, 1865
Country: United States
Allegiance: Union
Branch: Infantry
Colonel Jacob Gartner Lauman
Colonel Elliott W. Rice
Brevet Colonel James C. Parrot
Battle of Belmont
Fort Henry
Fort Donelson
Battle of Shiloh
Battle of Corinth
Battle of Resaca
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain
March to the Sea
Battle of Bentonville

History of Floyd County

Personal Stories

  • On December 20, 1863, Calvin Douglas enlisted in the Union Army Company B, Seventh Iowa Infantry. Calvin became a Cannoneer, His unit was known as Sherman's Bummers. Because of always being close to the firing cannon, he lost the hearing in his left ear. He served in the army until he was mustered out on July 12, 1865 two months after the official end of the Civil War. Friends and Neighbors serving With him as soldiers from Cedar Twp. were Elijah Castle, Sylvanus Haughey, Lucian P. Hoisington, Phin M. Hoisington, William Henry Hoisington and Tilman A. Howard, and from Charles City, R.G. Reiniger and Elma Crum.

7th Regiment, Iowa Infantry

Overview:Organized at Burlington July 24 to August 4, 1861. Moved to St. Louis, Mo., August 6; thence to Pilot Knob, Mo. Attached to District of Cairo to February, 1862. 4th Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Cairo, February, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of West Tennessee and Army of Tennessee, to July, 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, Dept. of the Tennessee to September, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, to October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, District of Corinth, to November, 1862. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 17th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 1st Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 16th Army Corps, to September, 1864. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865.

Service:Duty at Pilot Knob, Jackson, Cape Girardeau County, Norfolk, Fort Jefferson, Bird's Point, Mo., Fort Holt, Ky., and Cairo, Ill., till November, 1861. Affair at Elliott's Mills, Camp Crittenden, September 22. Expedition to Belmont November 6-7. Battle of Belmont November 7. Moved from Bird's Point to St. Louis, Mo., November 10, and duty there till January, 1862. Expedition to Fort Henry, Tenn., January 15-25. Operations against Fort Henry February 2-6. Investment of Fort Donelson February 12-16. Capture of Fort Donelson February 16. Expedition to Clarksburg, Tenn., February 19-21. Moved to Pittsburg Landing March 5-18. Battle of Shiloh April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit May 31-June 6. Duty at Corinth till October. Expedition to Iuka, Miss., September 18-22. Battle of Iuka September 19. Battle of Corinth October 3-4. Pursuit October 5-7. Moved to Rienzi October 7; thence to Boneyard and duty there till November. Little Bear Creek November 28 and December 12. Duty at Corinth till March, 1863. Expedition against Forest December 18, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Moved to Bethel, Tenn., March 1863, and duty there till June 1. Moved to Corinth June 1; thence to Moscow and duty there till August At LaGrange till October. March to Pulaski October 30-November 11 and duty there till March, 1864. Veterans on furlough January and February. At Prospect, Tenn., till April. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstration on Resaca May 8-13. Sugar Valley May 9. Battle of Resaca May 13-14. Ley's Ferry, Oostenaula River, May 15. Rome Cross Roads May 16. Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Ruff's Mill July 3-4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Flint River Station August 30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 1-26. Reconnoissance and skirmishes on Cave Springs Road, near Rome, October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Little Ogeechee River December 4. Eden Station and Jenks Bridge December 7. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Salkehatchie Swamps, S. C., February 3-5. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Congaree Creek February 15. Columbia February 16-17. Lynch's Creek February 25-26. Expedition to Florence, S. C., Mareh 4-6. Battle of Bentonville March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 9-13. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June. Mustered out July 12, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 7 Officers and 134 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 160 Enlisted men by disease. Total 305. [2]

Fox's History

Leaving Iowa August 6, 1861, it proceeded to Cape Girardeau, Mo., where it was assigned to Prentiss's Division. It was engaged on active duty in Missouri for several months, during which it fought at Belmont, sustaining the heaviest loss of any regiment in that battle. The first man killed at Belmont was one of the skirmishers of the Seventh; its loss was 51 killed, 127 wounded, 39 captured, and 10 missing; a total of 227 out of 410 engaged. Lieutenant-Colonel Augustus Wentz and three line officers were killed there, while Colonel Lauman and Major Rice were wounded. At Fort Donelson the regiment was in General C. F. Smith's Division, Colonel Lauman commanding the brigade; loss 2 killed and 37 wounded. At Shiloh,--then in Tuttle's Brigade, W. H. Wallace's Division,--the regiment was on parade for inspection when the army was surprised by the Confederate attack; the Seventh moved promptly to the front, and immediately became engaged; loss, 10 killed, 17 wounded, and 7 missing. At the battle of Corinth,--October 3d and 4th, 1862--it was in Davies's Division; under command of Colonel Rice it made a stubborn fight, capturing a stand of colors, but losing 21 killed, 87 wounded, and 13 missing; over one-third of those engaged. The year 1863 was spent near Corinth, and in 1864, the regiment having reenlisted, entered upon Sherman's Atlanta campaign, during which it was hotly engaged at Lay's Ferry, Ga. (Resaca), where it lost 11 killed and 51 wounded. It was then in Rice's (1st) Brigade, Sweeny's (2d) Division, Sixteenth Corps. After the fall of Atlanta, it was placed in Rice's (4th) Division, Fifteenth Corps, in which it served during Sherman's Georgia and Carolina campaigns. Mustered out July 12, 1865.[3]


  1. Wikipedia:7th_Iowa_Volunteer_Infantry_Regiment
  2. National Park Service Soldiers and Sailors Database
  3. Taken from; William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 1888
  • Iowa Adjutant General's Office Roster and Record of Iowa Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion Volume I: 1st - 8th Regiments -- Infantry (state printer, Des Moines, 1908) Seventh Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry Historical Sketch & Rosters p 911-1058

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