Surnames/tags: US_Civil_War Missouri
8th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry Organized at Jefferson City, Bolivar, Warsaw and Linn Creek December 18, 1861, to May 6, 1862. Unattached, Dept. of Missouri, to September, 1862. District of Southwest Missouri to July, 1865.
Service:Post and scout duty at Lebanon, Neosho and Springfield, Mo. Gouge's Mill March 26, 1862 (Detachment). Humansville, Polk County, March 26 (Cos. "A," "B," "D" and "E"). Warsaw April 8, 17 and 28. Licking May 4. Cross Timbers July 28. Lone Jack August 16 (2 Cos.). Lamar November 5 (Detachment). Operations in Sugar Creek Hills December 23-31. Operations against Marmadike in Missouri December 31, 1862, to January 25, 1863. Sarcoxie Prairie, Newton County, February 10, 1862. Scouts in Barton and Jasper Counties February 19-22 (Detachment). Greenville Road on Granby March 3 (Detachment). Scout near Neosho April 19-20 (Cos. "L" and "M"). Scout from Newtonia to French Point and Centre Creek with skirmishes May 3-18 (Detachment). French Point May 15 (Detachment). Jasper County June 10. Scout from Greenfield to Golden Grove and Carthage August 6-9 (Co. "A"). Capture of Fort Smith, Ark., August 31. Devil's Back Bone, Ark., and Fort Smith September 1. Cotton Gap September 1. Quincy, Mo., September 4 (Co. "A"). Attack on train between Fort Scott and Carthage September 6 (Detachment). Operations against Shelby September 22-October 26. Near Widow Wheeler's October 4 (Cos. "L" and "M"). Jasper County October 5. Humansville October 16-17. Harrisonville October 24. Buffalo Mountain October 24. Near Neosho November 4-6 (Detachment). Shoal and Turkey Creeks, Jasper County, November 18 (Detachment). DeGreen's Farm, near Lawrenceville, Ark., November 19. Scout from Springfield to Howell, Wright and Oregon Counties November 28-December 18. Springfield, Mo., December 16. Scout from Forsyth to Batesville, Ark., December 26, 1863, to January 2, 1864. Operations in Northwest Arkansas January 16-February 15. Clear Creek and Tomahawk, Ark., January 22. Sylamore Creek and near Burrowsville, Ark., January 23. Cowskin Bottom, Newton County, January 23 (Detachment). Rolling Prairie, Ark., February 4. Near California House February 12 (Detachment). Scout from Lebanon into North Alabama and skirmishes March 17 - April 1 (Co. "G"). Scout from Springfield toward Fayetteville, Ark., April 28-May 7 (Cos. "A," "B," "C" and "K"). Bee Creek May 2 (Co. "I"). Spavinaw, Ark., May 13. Mill and Honey Creeks May 30-31. Diamond Grove and Neosho June 3. Scout from Forsyth through Ozark and Douglass Counties June 5-12 (Co. "I"). Diamond Grove Prairie August 1 (Detachment). Operations in Southwest Missouri August 1-28. Rutledge August 4 (Detachment). McDonald County August 5. Cowskin August 5-6. Near Enterprise and Buffalo Creek August 7. Diamond Grove August 21. Fayetteville, Ark., August 28. Carthage September 22 (Detachment). Moreau Botttom, Jefferson City, October 7. Little Blue October 21. Independence October 22. Big Blue, State Line, October 22. Westport October 23. Engagement on the Marmiton or battle of Charlot October 25. Mine Creek, Little Osage River, Marias des Cygnes, October 25. Newtonia October 28. Expedition to Quincy October 29-November 8. Cane Creek October 29-80. Newtonia October 30. Quincy November 1. Near Quincy November 1-2. Hermitage November 2. Expedition from Springfield to Fort Smith, Ark., November 5-16 (Detachment). Cane Hill November 6. Duty at Lebanon, Neosho and Springfield till July, 1865. Mustered out July 17, 1865.
Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 77 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 131 Enlisted men by disease. Total 212. 
8th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry
The 8th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry was enrolled between 1 December 1861 and 7 April 1862. They mustered between 29 December 1861 and 6 May 1862. The Regiment was discharged 27 February 1865 and 25 December 1865. The Colonels in charge were Joseph J. Gravelly, John R. Kelso, Walter King, and J. W. McClurg.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles,companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - Captain James J. Akard - Many men from Jefferson City, Cole County
- Company B - Captain John Lindsay - Many men from Jefferson City, Cole County
- Company C - Captain William C. Human - Many men from Pittsburg, Hickory County
- Company D - Captain John T. Wilson - Many men from Pittsburg, Hickory County
- Company E - Captain Henry McCabe - Many men from Boliver, Polk County
- Company F - Captain John R. Foster - Many men from Warsaw, Benton County
- Company G - Captain Richard G. Chittwood - Many men from Linn Creek, Camden County
- Company H - Captain Henry D. Moore - Many men from Linn Creek, Camden County
- Company I - Captain Jacob Cossirt - Many men from Linn Creek, Camden County
- Company K - Captain Glade - Many men from Warsaw, Benton County
- Company L - Captain Ozias Ruark - Many men from Springfield, Greene County
- Company M - Major Milton Burch - Many men from Springfield, Greene County
The above information about the companies with partial rosters is found in Kenneth E. Weant's book, Civil War Records Union Troops Missouri State Militia Cavalry Volume 7 (Arlington, Texas : K.E. Weant, c2007), pages #52-71. FHL book 977.8 M2wkc v. 7
8th Missouri State Militia Cavalry, US Civil War 
Missouri State Militia (three-year)
Raised in Missouri in December 1861-April 1862. Men who enlisted in these units were to serve within state boundaries. The MSM consisted initially of one regiment of infantry and one company of sappers and miners; two batteries of light artillery; and 14 regiments, three battalions, and one independent company of cavalry. All MSM enlistees were mustered out by July 1865.
Men who served in Missouri State Militia units were ruled eligible in March 1873 to receive a federal military pension and/or benefits if they had been disabled by wounds or injuries incurred or diseases contracted while their MSM unit "was cooperating with United States forces."
In February 1895, officers and men of the MSM were ruled eligible to receive federal military pensions authorized under the pension act of June 1890 if they had served for ninety days or more, and if they had been honorably discharged from the MSM. 
When the Civil War began in 1861, Hickory county was roughly evenly divided between Union and Confederate support. The question of slavery was not a deciding factor in choosing loyalties, but rather the question of state's rights. Many slaveholders, in fact, fought for the Union. Around 1,000 Hickory County men fought in several different regiments during the war. These included:
- Company B, 8th Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia under Major John Cosgrove.
- Company I, 8th Regiment Cavalry, Missouri State Militia under Captain B.A. Reeder.
There were no major battles within Hickory County boundaries, though the residents suffered terribly from guerrilla warfare and violence from both sides of the war. Most homes and businesses were burned, crops destroyed, and livestock killed during the war. Many residents fled Hickory County during the war and did not return. Those that did, return returned to almost nothing. Hickory County worked hard to rebuild itself, though it was a long process.
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