9th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment Category Backup

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"For freedom's battle, once begun,
Bequeathed by bleeding sire to son,
Though baffled oft, is ever won."


9th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment

Mustered in as 138th regiment of infantry: September 8-9, 1862 .
Designated 9th regiment of artillery (heavy): December 19, 1862.
Mustered out: July 6, 1865.
Nicknames: "2nd Auburn Regiment"; "Cayuga And Wayne County Regiment"
Total Enrollment: 3,227[1]
Killed and Died of Wounds: 204[2]
Died of Disease, Accidents, etc.: 257[3]
Died in Confederate Prisons (Previously Included): 41[4]
Total Dead: 461
Total Wounded: 363
Total Casualties: 824[5]
Total Percentage Dead: 14.29%
Total Percentage Killed (Previously Included): 6.32%
Total Percentage Wounded: 11.25%
Total Casualty Percentage: 25.53%

Burning of the Bridge at Monocacy by Company B.
"Previously, men of the company had gathered sheaves of wheat from the nearby field, and had stacked them under the bridge's southeast corner. The combustibles were fired ...and the bridge was soon engulfed in flames."
Pvt. Alfred S. Roe, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

History by the National Park Service

9th Regiment, New York Heavy Artillery
OVERVIEW: Organized at Auburn, N. Y., as the 138th Regiment New York Infantry and mustered in September 8, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 12, 1862. Designation changed to 9th Heavy Artillery December 9, 1862. 22nd New York Battery assigned to Regiment as Company "M" February 5, 1863. Company "L" organized at Albany, N. Y., and mustered in December 4, 1863. Regiment attached to 1st Brigade, Defences of Washington, D. C., north of the Potomac to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Defences North of the Potomac, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Haskins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, to May, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division, to June, 1865. (2nd Battalion detached with Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, May 31 to July 10, 1864. 1st Brigade, Hardin's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to September 23, 1864. Keim's Provisional Brigade to October 3, 1864; then rejoined Regiment.) 1st Brigade, Hardin's Division, 22nd Army Corps, to June, 1865.
SERVICE: Garrison duty in the Defences of Washington, D. C., till May, 1864, during which time built and garrisoned Forts Mansfield, Bayard, Gaines and Foote. Relieved from garrison duty and ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field May 18, 1864. Rapidan Campaign May-June. North Anna River May 26. On line of the Pamunkey May 26-28. Totopotomy May 28-31. Cold Harbor June 1-12. Bethesda Church June 1-3. Before Petersburg June 18-19. Siege of Petersburg June 18-July 6 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad, June 22-23. Moved to Baltimore, Md., July 6-8. Battle of Monocacy, Md., July 9. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28 . Near Charlestown August 21-22. Charlestown August 29. Battle of Winchester September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December. Moved to Washington, D. C., December 3; thence to Petersburg, Va. Siege of Petersburg, Va., December, 1864, to April, 1865. Fort Fisher, Petersburg, March 25, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2. Amelia Springs April 5. Sailor's Creek April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Expedition to Danville April 17-27. Duty there and at Richmond till June. Moved to Washington, D. C. Corps Review June 8. Consolidated to four Companies June 27, 1865, and transferred to 2nd New York Heavy Artillery.
Regiment lost during service 6 Officers and 198 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 254 Enlisted men by disease. Total 461.
Predecessor units:
Organized at Lockport, N. Y., and mustered in at Elmira, N. Y., October 28, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., November 23, 1862. Duty in the defences of that city till February, 1863. Assigned to 9th New York Heavy Artillery as Company "M" February 5, 1863.
Organized at Auburn, N. Y., and mustered in September 8, 1862. Left State for Washington, D. C., September 12, 1862. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, October, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Defences north of the Potomac, Defences of Washington, to December, 1862. Designation of Regiment changed to 9th New York Heavy Artillery December 9, 1862 (which see).

Flags of the 9th

"September 8th, three days before the departure of the 138th from Camp Halleck, the ladies of Auburn presented the regiment with a stand of colors. When the change in regimental hues came in 1862, the blue banner bearing the escutcheon of the state was given by the officers to General Seward, in whose library it is now suspended, while a red one was substituted for it.

These banners saw the campaigns of the Ninth-and, tattered and torn, came home with us, no enemy carrying off any ensign of ours, but our return was not early enough to allow of our participation in the glorious exercises in Albany July 4. 1865, when in the presence of Grant, Wool. Wallace, Kilpatrick, Schofield, Butterfield, Sickles, Ricketts and a host of others, with addresses by Butterfield, Governor Fenton and the Rev. E. H. Chapin. the colors, then returned, were consigned to the perpetual keeping of the state.

We had not left Washington then, and not till the 20th were we paid off and our banners became seekers for custodians. Brave hands, many of them mouldering back to clay, had borne them, Imt now their journey over, they must rest with similar trophies beneath the roof of the Capitol. August 3, 1865, the flags, five in number, were carried to Albany and there deposited. In the catalogue of the Bureau of Military Record they are mentioned as one national, one regimental and three guidons.

Carefully kept within glass cases, they and those of other regiments merit and receive the admiring, almost reverential, gaze of the thousands who visit the magnificent Capitol of the Empire State. All are labeled and are inscribed with the names of the engagements in which their bearers participated. Upon our flag may be read, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Monocacy, Opequon. Cedar Creek, Petersburg, April 2d, and Sailor's Creek.

The traveler in Britain finds in church and castle some re- minder of the prowess of the fathers. In Canterbury Cathedral, for more than 600 years the coat of the Black Prince, worn by him at Poictiers, has inspired the hearts of Britons to be like him—brave, determined, true.

Battle-flags impress their lessons on the minds of youthful beholders, and serve to keep alive the spirit of national pride and love of country. It matters not who may be governor, nor what party controls the Legislature, these colors and their memories are far above and beyond politics; they represent not the passing phase of political life; they stand for country itself.

To-day with bated breath and with quickened heart-beats, the rambler beyond seas may see in Altorf, covered with glass, banners borne by liberty-loving Swiss, at Mortgarten before Columbus set forth on his westward journey. Let us hope that centuries hence, travelers from the East and from the West may stand beside these flags, still preserved, and hear some custodian say. "They were followed by men who forsook the paths of peace and by the dread ordeal of battle drove slavery from the land and made America from ocean to ocean

'The land of the free and the home of the brave.' ""[6]

Battleflag and Standard of the 9th New York Heavy Artillery

9th New York Heavy Artillery Flank Marker

9th New York Heavy Artillery Flank Marker with blood

Roster of the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery

"The basis of the data given is the material, preserved in the office of the adjutant general in Albany, described as transcripts of rolls now in the custody of the War Department, Washington. To insure accuracy, every name should have been compared with the latter collection, but this privilege, though earnestly sought, was unqualifiedly denied. Each company roll, however, has been submitted to the inspection of one or more members of the same; in this way numerous corrections have been made; notwithstanding this, they must still abound in errors. The sole comment in sending out the compilation is that under the circumstances it is the very best possible. In the record of transferrals to the 2d N. Y. H. A. it is thought unnecessary to name the company to which transferral is made, it being remembered that Company I of the 2d was made up of men from I, B and C of the Ninth; K of those of K, F, E and H; L took the "left overs" of L, A and G, in part, while M had M. D and the remainder of G. The original 138th N. Y. Infantry, with the exception of Company B and the field and staff, was mustered into the U. S. service Sept. 8, 1862. The exceptions, as above, were mustered in September 9. In taking data for officers, read the date following promotion as that of Muster-in; the next, or that of rank, explains itself. For privates and non-commissioned officers the name is fol- lowed by age; next date of enlistment and town to which enlistment is ascribed; then date of Muster-in and period if for less than three years (unless otherwise stated the soldier is mustered in as private); next, any incident in service, as wounded, taken prisoner, or promotion; finally date and manner of leaving service, thus:

Doe, John, age 20; enlisted Aug. 22, '62, Galen; mustered in Sept. 8, Corp.; wd. June 1. '64, Cold Harbor; mustered out July 6. '65.

To economize space, abbreviations are used as much as possible. Observance of the following list will facilitate the reading of the rolls:

Corp. = Corporal; Sergt.= Sergeant; d. = died; dis. = discharged; k. = killed; wd. = wounded; hosp. = hospital; M. O. = mustered out; trans. = transferred; Vet. or V. R. C. = Veteran Reserve Corps; H. A. = Heavy Artillery."[7]

Companies and Staff

Cayuga County Soldiers and Sailors Memorial

The regiment was mostly recruited from Cayuga and Wayne counties, except for Company L, which was recruited from Albany county.

Field and Staff, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company A, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company B, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company C, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company D, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company E, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company F, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company G, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company H, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company I, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company K, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company L, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Company M, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Unassigned Recruits, 9th New York Heavy Artillery

Cayuga County Soldiers and Sailors Memorial, Back

"It is an old belief,
That on some solemn shore
Beyond the sphere of grief,
Dear friend shall meet once more.
"Beyond the sphere of time
And sin and fate's control.
Serene in changeless prime
Of body and of soul.
"That creed I fain would keep;
That faith I'll not forego.
Eternal be the sleep,
If not to waken so."


  • New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. Frederick Phisterer. Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912.
  • Roe, Alfred S. "Roster of the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery." The Ninth New York Heavy Artillery. A History of Its Organization, Services in the Defenses of Washington, Marches, Camps, Battles, and Muster-out ... and a Complete Roster of the Regiment. Worcester, MA: Author, 1899. 480. Print. https://archive.org/details/ninthnewyorkheav00roea
  • Fox, William F., Regimental losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865. A treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington, 1889. Print https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  1. https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  2. https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  3. https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  4. https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  5. https://archive.org/details/reglossescivilwar00foxwrich
  6. https://archive.org/details/ninthnewyorkheav00roea
  7. https://archive.org/details/ninthnewyorkheav00roea


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