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A House Through Time - 5, Ravensworth Terrace.

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Date: 1822
Location: Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England.map
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5, Ravensworth Terrace, a house through time

The house at 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Newcastle upon Tyne, featured in the second series of 'A House Through Time' on BBC2 in April 2019.[1][2] Presenter and historian David Olusoga told the story of those who lived in the house from the time it was built until now. I have no connection with the house, but like David Olusoga I grew up on Tyneside and have often been along Westgate Road. I enjoyed the series and wanted to represent it on Wikitree Humphrey-6461 19:45, 11 June 2019 (UTC) I have made this page to link the profiles of the people who were featured in the program, as best I can, and excluding people who may still be alive. The program is not available to watch at the moment (at least not where I have looked) Humphrey-6461 20:03, 11 June 2019 (UTC)

Scope, profiles and veracity

I made notes as I watched the programs, and have used these to write the outline for each episode. I have not been able to find documents to evidence all of the information but have included what I noted in good faith, with mention of the sources used in the program where possible. I have made profiles for as many of the people as I have been able to find sources for and have been confident about their name at birth - so for some people only mentioned briefly, and with no family connections in the house, and perhaps uncertain status as to marriage, I have not been able to make a profile (and their names are in bold at the time of writing). I have not made profiles for anyone born less than 100 years ago. I have included unsourced information on this page but tried to only include sourced events on profiles of the people. Many of the profiles I have made would benefit from more sources, and a good biography, in time. Humphrey-6461 21:22, 26 July 2019 (UTC)

Episode 1, 1822 - 1859

The land for Ravensworth Terrace was bought in 1822 and the row of seven houses was built between 1822 and 1824 by William Mather.

Robert Swann was the first resident, but he only stayed for a few months and there were no details about him on the program.

William Stoker (Solicitor working in Financial Law) and wife Priscilla, the daughter of a reverend, moved into the house. They had four children, two of them born in the house. In an 1827 directory William was listed as an Attorney of Law, with offices at 50 Pilgrim Street. William was 33 years old. The family had one servant. In 1835 an article in the Newcastle Courant described the theft of two umbrellas from the house, William pressed charges and two 14 year old boys, Richard Ferguson and Edward Stuart were sentenced to seven years transportation.[3][4] The boys were thought to have stolen the umbrellas because they were hungry - they sold one umbrella for 1s and a piece of bread. William Stoker was appointed Newcastle Coroner on 4 May 1836, and died in 1848, age 54. One of his sons succeeded him as coroner.

Before the time of the 1841 census, taken on 6 June 1841, the Stoker family had moved out of the house. Joshua Alder, cheese monger and marine biologist,[5] and his sister Mary Alder were living in the house. Joshua's cheese monger business was in The Side, Newcastle. Mary was of independent means. In 1841 they lived with two female servants, Mary Hook and Elizabeth Gibson. In 1851 they were still at 5 Ravensworth Crescent. Joshua made poor investments and suffered financial ruin. He and Mary moved out of Ravensworth Terrace to Summerhill Terrace, where Mary was head of the household.

In 1858, newlyweds Nicholas and Mary Sarah Hardcastle (nee Colbeck) moved in to the house. Nicholas was a doctor (and son of a doctor), who had been appointed medical officer to the Union Workhouse, Elswick, when he was 21. Despite a very poor record at the workhouse (article in the Durham Chronicle 28 Sept 1855), Nicholas was appointed the Prison Surgeon in 1859. Nicholas moved out of the house with his family in 1859.

Census

1841 St John, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England.[6][7]
Household Role Sex Age Birthplace
Joshua Alder Male 45 Northumberland
Mary Alder Female 40 Northumberland
Mary Hook Female 24
Elizabeth Gibson Female 14 Northumberland
1851 I have not been able to find the 1851 census on Family Search or Find my past, searching for the address or occupants Joshua and Mary Alder. Humphrey-6461 31 July 2019 (UTC)

Episode 2, 1859 - 1907

In 1859 Nicholas Hardcastle and his family moved out of 5 Ravensworth Terrace, and his 65 year old mother-in-law Mary Colbeck moved in with her grandson James Todd, age 13, and servant Alice Robinson.[8][9] Mary had previously been a farmer at Whorlton Hall, Northumberland[10] and had two other daughters, Margaret Ann and Dora in addition to Mary Sarah Hardcastle. The family was wealthy, having owned three farms near to Whorlton Hall. Grandson James was the eldest child of Mary's daughter Margaret Ann and her husband Frederick Swann Todd, the son of a local timber-merchant. Frederick owned two glass making factories including the St Lawrence bottleworks on the banks of the Tyne in Newcastle. A report in the Law Times on 3 April 1858 (or possibly 24 March 1858) reported that Frederick attacked a solicitor, and in the subsequent assizes case it was revealed that Frederick had debts of £60 - 100,000. The glass bottle industry was very competitive and Frederick had failed to modernise(?) Frederick and Margaret moved to a house in Morpeth with children, and another was born there. James the eldest was living with his grandmother at the time of the 1861 census. In October 1864 Frederick died, and in 1867 Margaret died in a fire at the house they lived at in Morpeth. Mary Colbeck did her best to provide for all of her surviving grandchildren:

James Todd d of consumption 20 Dec 1870 at Great Northern Hotel, Kings Cross, London, age 22.
Annie Todd living with grandmother Mary Colbeck at time of 1871 census.
Frederic Todd set sail to Australia, age 17, on 9th November 1868.
Robert Todd
Charles Todd set sail to Australia, age 14, with Fred.
Henry Todd was apprenticed to a drapers shopman in Newcastle.
Margaret Todd sent to an orphanage in Torquay in Oct 1869, age nine.
Mary Victoria Todd sent to an orphanage in in Torquay Oct 1869, age eight. Died 1870.
Edward Todd sent to an orphanage

Altogether, five of the children emigrated, either to Australia or New Zealand. Several of them died young. Mary named nine grandchildren in her will, Margaret's children and Hugh Hardcastle, the son of Mary and Nicholas Hardcastle.

Mary Colbeck died in the house in 1874.

By the time of the 1881 census, the three houses next door (6, 7 and 8 Ravensworth Terrace) had become Ehrlich's Academy for Boys'. Number 5 was occupied by three households, clearly less of a desirable address than it had been in previous decades. Two of the occupants, lodgers in one of the households, Mary Conolly and Eleanor Kelly, were school mistresses at the Academy next door. The professions of the other residents revealed a lower social rank than previous generations of residents.[11][12][13]

Mary Hewison, a laundress, lived with her married daughter Elizabeth A McVain, a dressmaker and three of Elizabeth's children. Elizabeth's husband John was a house painter - he may have been away from home for work. Joseph Dunlop and his uncle James McIntosh lived in part of the house; coal oil and grease merchants from Scotland. Widowed dressmaker Mary Spens lived in part of the house with three lodgers, the two school mistresses and Thomas Morton, a paper stainer.

In 1883, Newcastle's first Bishop, Ernest Wilberforce and his wife Emily, set up the the Diocesan Training Home & Refuge For Friendless Girls. 'The purpose of the Training Home was to provide domestic skills for women considered to be at risk of falling into sexual promiscuity or prostitution.'[14] 57 girls were housed in numbers 6,7 and 8 Ravensworth Terrace. The Lady Superintendant was Miss F Atkinson. In 1886, Number 5 was incorporated as a dormitory and in 1891, twenty one girls were recorded living in the house, including Alice Coulson. Alice had been orphaned before she was twelve years old, and was featured in the program as an example of the girls 'rescued' by the diocese. Alice became a housemaid in a villa in Filey, later marrying George Fletcher from Nottingham with whom she had four children.

Number 5 was not part of the Diocesan House for long - in 1887, Bevan Harris moved in as a tenant. He was a draper from Hull, living with his second wife Elizabeth, two of his eleven children, Rose and Albert and his grandaughter Eva Williams, as well as two lodgers, H O Shilton and Margaret Dunn.[15][16] Bevan's business, a draper's shop, was in the premesis backing on to 5, Ravensworth Terrace, at 247 Westgate Road. Bevan became involved with spiritualism, and particularly the well known medium Mrs Mellon, after the death of two of his children in 1891, a son age 40 and daughter age 23, followed in 1892 by the death of his wife Elizabeth, of throat cancer. Mrs Mellon who visited the house to give séances, which gave him great comfort. In his spare time, Bevan wrote articles for newspapers and the Spiritualist magazine, 'The Two Worlds'. [17] In 1894, Bevan moved to Nottingham where he died in 1900.

After the Harris family moved away, the Oram family moved in, in 1895. William Henry Oram was a Merchant Navy sea captain in his 40s. His wife Mary Ellen was a seamstress running her own business. They had three teenage children, Mary (Minnie), William and Lawrence. While they lived in 5, Ravesnworth Terrace, Mary's business failed and she suffered with 'melancholia', spending time in St Nicholas' Hospital. William (senior) lost his job after overloading a ship, emigrated to Canada, had a stroke when he got there came back and also spent time in St Nicholas hospital, where he died in 1909.

At the time of the 1901 census, the house had two residents , Margaret McKenzie and Lizzie Sutherland, both from Scotland.[18][19]

In 1907, Grace Eagle, boarding house keeper, moved into 5 Ravensworth Terrace.

Census

1861 St Johns, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England.[8][9]
Household Role Sex Age Birthplace
Mary Colbeck Head Female 65 Dilston, Northumberland
Alice Robinson Servant Female 21 South Shields, Durham
James Todd Grandson Male 13 Newcastle Upon Tyne,
1871 Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England[20]
Occupation, annuitant
Household Role Sex Age Birthplace
Mary Colbeck Head Female 75 Northumberland
Annie Todd G G Daur Female 22 M Castl St John, Northumberland
Sarah Finney Servant Female 26 Newburn, North M Castl
Margret H Hardy Servant Female 21 Berwick, Berwick

(Note - presumably this was 5 Ravensworth Terrace, but I have not seen the image so cannot be sure Humphrey-6461 12:37, 31 July 2019 (UTC))

1881 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England[11]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Mary Hewison Head Widow Female 64 1817 Laundress Hiltow, Durham, England
Elizabeth A Mc Vain Daughter Married Female 25 1856 Dressmaker Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England
Minnie Mc Vain Grand Daughter Single Female 14 1867 Scholar Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England
Mary Eliz Mc Vain Grand Daughter Single Female 10 1871 Scholar Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England
John K Mc Vain Grand Son Single Male 7 1874 Scholar Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England

(Note - Elizabeth McVain's age is mistranscribed - looking at the census image she was 35, which fits the ages of her children better Humphrey-6461 21:48, 31 July 2019 (UTC)).

1881 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England[12][21]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Joseph J Dunlop Head Single Male 19 1862 Coal Oil & Grease Merchants (Dlr) Scotland
James A Mc Intosh Uncle Single Male 59 1822 Oil Agent Scotland
1881 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England[13][22]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Mary Jane Spens Head Widow Female 60 1821 Dressmaker Newcastle on Tyne, Northumberland, England
Thomas Morton Lodger Single Male 25 1856 Paper Stainer Scotland
Mary Conolly Lodger Single Female 22 1859 School Mistress Leadgate, Durham, England
Eleanor Kelly Lodger Single Female 23 1858 School Mistress Stoke on Trent, Staffordshire, England
1891 I have found the census returns for 6, 7 and 8 Ravensworth Terrace in 1891 on Find my Past and Family Search, but not number 5. [23][24]
1891 High Swinburne Place, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne[16]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Bevan Harris Head Married Male 68 1823 General Draper Hertfordshire, England
Elizabeth Harris Mother Married Female 59 1832 General Draper Yorkshire, England
Rose E Harris Daughter Single Female 20 1871 General Draper -
Albert J Harris Son Single Male 19 1872 Wholesale Draper Hull, Yorkshire, England
Eva R Williams Granddaughter Single Female 9 1882 - London, Middlesex, England
H O Shilton Lodger Widower Male 66 1825 Caretaker -
Margaret Dunn Lodger Single Female 33 1858 Caretaker Brecknockshire, Wales

(Note - The address is shown as High Swinburne Place, Westgate, on the census return. The program makers included this household as 5 Ravensworth Terrace. It is in the census returns immediately before number 6 Ravensworth Terrace and I cannot find another return for 5 Ravensworth Terrace. Humphrey-6461 12:55, 5 August 2019 (UTC)

1901 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Northumberland, England.[18][19]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Margaret McKenzie Head Married Female 32 1869 - Scotland
Lizzie Sutherland Boarder Widow Female 42 1859 Traveller (Scotch) Scotland

Episode 3, 1907 - 1960s

Grace Eagle moved in to the house in 1907. In 1910 there was a government survey; all of the adults living in the house were recorded. Grace's husband, Henry Eagle, or Heinrich Igel, was from Romania, a pharmacist with a degree in Pharmacology. He developed 'Eagle's Iodine', a painless antiseptic. Grace was a demonstrator of machines to make ladies' underwear. In 1911, Grace was 41 years old, married, living with two of her children, Eleanora and Henry.[25][26] Grace was keeping a boarding house, for music hall artists acts. One of the residents was an actor, Arthur Gordon Laws and three were music hall artists. Ernest and Linda Egington were trick cyclists of the Lotto family.

Grace and Henry's oldest daughter, Grace Marie had married Paul Hans Joachim Wiese in 1909, a German shipping broker. He was arrested under the official secrets act for communication with Germany, the enemy during WWI, although it seems likely that his work would cause him to communicate with Germany rather than being a spy. Grace Marie and her children moved in to Number 5 with her mother, Grace. Both families were persecuted for their connections to the enemy, Germany, as the Great War approached. Paul was held on a prison ship at Southend, where he died on 9 March 1915. Grace Marie had a third child in 1918, Basil Haselhurst b 30 July 1918, with her second husband Billy Haselhurst who was in the Coldstream Guards. Billy was shot on 9 Nov 1918 and d in France on 13 Nov 1918.

In 1919, Miss Rose McQueeney, from County Leitrim in Ireland but grew up in Sunderland, moved in to the house. She had previously been a housemaid at the Grand Hotel in Newcastle. She ran the house as a lodging house. On the 1920 electoral register there were seven tenants, mostly Irish. Rose married lodger Edward Kerrigan b County Mayo in 1920. Edward had been in the Irish Guards in WWI but had not seen active service. In 1920 he was a colliery labourer. In 1921 he was a colliery fireman, and the couple had twins, Patrick and Francis (who died young, with in one month.) In 1922, Edward and Rose and Patrick moved to Dublin.

The Smyth family moved into number 5, and lived in the house for 40 years. I have not recorded any information about the Smyths as they are too recent.

Census

1911 5 Ravensworth Terrace Newcastle on Tyne, Westgate, Northumberland, England.[25][26]
First name(s) Last name Relationship Marital status Sex Age Birth year Occupation Birth place
Grace Eagle Head Married Female 41 1870 Boarding House Keeper Leicester
Leonora Eagle Daughter Single Female 19 1892 Shop Assistant Leicester
Henry Eagle Son - Male 14 1897 School Newcastle
A Gordon Laws Boarder Single Male 27 1884 Actor Kirton
Edward Richard Ruffell Boarder Married Male 45 1866 Merchant Agent Salford Manchester
Horace W H Birtles Boarder Single Male 24 1887 Music Hall Artist Newport Salop
Ernest Egington Boarder Married Male 29 1882 Music Hall Artist Sheffield
Linda Egington Boarder Married Female 22 1889 Music Hall Artist London

Episode 4, 1960s to present

Too recent!

Sources

  1. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09l64y9
  2. https://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/whats-on/arts-culture-news/house-time-newcastle-alder-ravensworth-15198097
  3. Newcastle Courant Saturday 8 August 1835 accessed at https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000085/18350808/008/0003 31 August 2019, see Image Richard Ferguson and Edward Stuart charged at Northumberland Assizes Crown Court Monday August 4 1835 reported in Newcastle Courant - Saturday 08 August 1835
  4. Northumberland Summer Assizes, Newcastle Journal - Saturday 08 August 1835 accessed at https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000243/18350808/011/0003 31 Aug 2019
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joshua_Alder
  6. "England and Wales Census, 1841," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M7WZ-HLB : 25 May 2019), Joshua Alder, St John, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1841 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
  7. Record Transcription: 1841 England, Wales & Scotland Census Ravensworth Terrace, St John, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1841/0014473928 12 June 2019
  8. 8.0 8.1 "England and Wales Census, 1861," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M7FD-H9N : 21 April 2019), Mary Colbeck, Westgate, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1861 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 9, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
  9. 9.0 9.1 1861 England, Wales & Scotland Census Image Ravensworth Terrace, St John, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://search.findmypast.co.uk/record?id=GBC/1861/3812/00097A&parentid=GBC/1861/0019461827 13 June 2019
  10. "England and Wales Census, 1851," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SGBN-JD2 : 21 October 2017), Marey Colbeck, East And West Whorlton, Northumberland, England; citing East And West Whorlton, Northumberland, England, p. 1, from "1851 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO HO 107, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Record Transcription: 1881 England, Wales & Scotland Census 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1881/0023650435 31 July 2019
  12. 12.0 12.1 Record Transcription: 1881 England, Wales & Scotland Census 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1881/0023650440 31 July 2019
  13. 13.0 13.1 Record Transcription: 1881 England, Wales & Scotland Census 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1881/0023650442 31 July 2019
  14. Northumberland Archives blog accessed at https://www.northumberlandarchives.com/2019/04/10/diocesan-training-home-refuge-for-friendless-girls-ravensworth-terrace-newcastle-upon-tyne/ 3 August 2019
  15. "England and Wales Census, 1891," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:H95C-KPZ : 8 May 2019), Bevan Harris, Westgate, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1891 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, Northumberland county, subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Record Transcription: 1891 England, Wales & Scotland Census High Swinburne Place, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC%2F1891%2F0028775278 5 August 2019.
  17. http://www.iapsop.com/archive/materials/two_worlds/
  18. 18.0 18.1 Record Transcription: 1901 England, Wales & Scotland Census 5, Ravensworth Terrace, Westgate, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1901/0031815226 30 Aug 2019
  19. 19.0 19.1 "England and Wales Census, 1901," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XSMP-NJQ : 21 May 2019), Margaret Mckenzie, Westgate, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1901 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing Westgate subdistrict, PRO RG 13, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey.
  20. "England and Wales Census, 1871", database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:V5BV-1KV : 29 April 2019), Mary Colbeck, 1871.
  21. "England and Wales Census, 1881," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q271-TYYV : 13 December 2017), Joseph J Dunlop, Westgate, Northumberland, England; from "1881 England, Scotland and Wales Census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 15, Piece/Folio 5049/70, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,398.
  22. "England and Wales Census, 1881," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:Q271-TY16 : 13 December 2017), Mary Jane Spens, Westgate, Northumberland, England; from "1881 England, Scotland and Wales Census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing p. 15, Piece/Folio 5049/70, The National Archives, Kew, Surrey; FHL microfilm 101,775,398.
  23. "England and Wales Census, 1891," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:H95R-5N2 : 8 May 2019), Isabella Seefe, Westgate, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1891 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, Northumberland county, subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  24. "England and Wales Census, 1891," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:H95F-4W2 : 8 May 2019), Emily Simpson, Westgate, Northumberland, England, United Kingdom; from "1891 England, Scotland and Wales census," database and images, findmypast (http://www.findmypast.com : n.d.); citing PRO RG 12, Northumberland county, subdistrict, The National Archives of the UK, Kew, Surrey.
  25. 26.0 26.1 Record Transcription: 1911 Census For England & Wales 5 Ravensworth Terrace Newcastle on Tyne, Westgate, Northumberland, England accessed at https://www.findmypast.co.uk/transcript?id=GBC/1911/RG14/30637/0363/1 30 Aug 2019




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